Under Millennium Declaration Goal (MDG) 8,the technology target is, in cooperation with the private sector, to make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications. International commitments in ICT have been particularly developed through the two World Summits on Information Society (WSIS) held in Geneva and Tunis respectively.
G8 commitments in the development of technology were prominent in the Evian G8 Action Plan on Science and Technology for Sustainable Development. Commitments made under the EU Cairo Plan of Action to increase technology transfer and promote adoption of new technologies in Africa were further developed in its 2005 Contribution to the Review of the MDGs, where the EU pledged to integrate development objectives into its research and technology efforts, with particular attention to health, agriculture, natural resource management, energy and climate change. In Africa, the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) founding statement emphasises technological development through a rangeof strategies.
Technology transferand development most prominently features in the areas of energy and climate change, and agricultural technology.
Energy and climate change technology has been a key theme in G8 summits since the Gleneagles Plan of Action on Climate Change, Clean Energy and Sustainable Development. Subsequent commitments made at St. Petersburg (Plan of Action on Global Energy Security) and Heilingdamm (Summit Declaration on Growth and Responsibility in the World Economy) were reiterated in the Hokkaido Summit Leaders Declaration, where leaders further committed to develop roadmaps for innovative technologies, including carbon capture and storage (CCS) and advanced energy technologies.
Research and technology to enhance agricultural production and food security has been the theme of G8 commitments made in the Kananaskis Africa Action Plan, the Sea Island plan Island Ending The Cycle Of Famine In The Horn Of Africa, Raising Agricultural Productivity, And Promoting Rural Development In Food Insecure Countries, and more recently the Hokkaido Leader Statement on Global Food Security, in addition to the EU's own Strategy For Africa. It is also emphasized in Africa's agricultural strategy as one of the four pillars of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), reiterated and developed in the Sirte Declaration on the Challenges of Implementing Integrated and Sustainable Development on Agriculture and Water in Africa.