AU Resolution of the Abuja Food Security Summit, Abuja, Nigeria, 4-7 December 2006

Sectors : Agricultural investment and production, Food security, Disaster risk reduction and humanitarian assistance, Health, Investment
Date made: 
Heads Of State


Commitments in: Agriculture - Food security

“We the Heads of State and Government Declare our Firm Commitment to:

1. Expand Markets, with particular attention to Africa’s own demand and to promote Inter African trade in staple foods.

To achieve this objective:

MEMBER STATES and RECs promote and protect rice, legumes, maize, cotton, oil palm, beef, dairy, poultry and fisheries products as strategic commodities at the continental level, and cassava, sorghum and millet at subregional level, without prejudice to focused attention being given also to products of particular national importance;

AUC and NEPAD to facilitate the attainment of continental self-reliance by 2015 for the following: rice, maize, sorghum/millet and Cassava, oil palm, beef, poultry, aquaculture (tilapia/cat fish);and to process 50% of cotton produced in Africa by 2015 while also making efforts to rapidly increase the share of local processing for other commodities;”


“We the Heads of State and Government Declare our Firm Commitment to:

...3. To ensure systematic integration of nutrition considerations into agricultural and food security interventions.

To achieve this objective:

MEMBER STATES prepare and/or strengthen their emergency response strategies and plans including flexible and decentralised food reserve procurement and management of food stocks and funds by 2010;

MEMBER STATES and NEPAD expand the implementation of the NEPAD Home-Grown School feeding initiative to reach 20% of member states by 2008 through a financing and delivery partnership between Government and development partners with benefits to reach 25% of the needy children by 2015;

AUC and NEPAD in collaboration with development partners initiate the implementation of the African Regional Nutrition Strategy, the NEPAD African Nutrition Initiative within CAADP, and the NEPAD 10-year strategy for combating Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency by 2008 with focus on long-term household food security and ending child hunger and under nutrition;

MEMBER STATES and development partners to protect and promote the nutritional well being, food security and productivity of people living with and affected by HIV/AIDS in the near and longer terms;

MEMBER STATES adopt and/or strengthen a holistic and multi-sectoral approach in agricultural development to better address the multi-dimensional nature of food and nutrition security;

MEMBER STATES to promote home gardening and small animal husbandry as important contributions to household food security and dietary diversity."


Commitments in: Agriculture - Agricultural investment and production

“We the Heads of State and Government Declare our Firm Commitment to:

...2. To mobilize resources for implementing priority food and nutrition security interventions focusing on the selected strategic commodities.

To achieve this objective and with particular focus on the selected strategic commodities:

MEMBER STATES formalize the Maputo commitment to allocate at least 10% of the national budget to agriculture and rural development by 2008;

AUC and NEPAD to sensitize parliaments and civil society and enlist their support in the implementation of the Maputo 10% commitment;

MEMBER STATES promote public sector engagement in agriculture, in particular with regard to:

• Infrastructure, especially regarding water, irrigation, electricity and roads through public-private partnership;

• Capacity to diversify and add value to agricultural products through inter-alia, public private partnerships to enhance competitiveness of and sustainable incomes from these products;

• Facilitate provision of targeted loans to the private sector including micro-credit with special emphasis on women and small-holder farmer organizations;

• Encourage public-private partnerships and investment, with special focus on infrastructure ;

• Support measures including technologies, key yield enhancing inputs, and targeted subsidies where warranted;

• Invest in appropriate small-scale technologies and industries accessible to women;

• Preparing youth for an active and rewarding role in agriculture and related industries;

• Invest in technologies and industries for the production of nutritionally adequate foods;

• Introduce measures to halve post-harvest losses within 3 years and reduce them to 10% by 2015.

MEMBER STATES assisted by the AUC and NEPAD to identify critical training needs in the areas of food security, biotechnology, research and extension and to facilitate the exchange of experts among Member States;

AUC and NEPAD in consultation with the ADB and other international financial institutions to develop modalities for the implementation of the Sirte Decision on the establishment of an African Agricultural Development Fund.

MEMBER STATES reduce risks of both natural and commercial origins, including through marketing arrangements and insurance schemes...”


“We the Heads of State and Government Declare our Firm Commitment to:

...4. To identify African successes and support sharing of positive experiences with a view to their adaptation, replication and up-scaling.
To achieve this objective:

AUC and NEPAD establish a technical assistance programme for agriculture and food security based on African resources and expertise and in collaboration with development partners and develop regional centres of excellence;

AUC in consultation with the African Development Bank (ADB) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) to establish a funding mechanisms or adapt existing ones to mobilize additional resources for purposes of up-scaling agricultural successes within and across countries in Africa;

AUC, NEPAD and RECs establish criteria for identifying African successes that rely wholly or largely on Africa’s own resources and promote measures for their replication, adaptation and up-scaling;

5. To establish a system for selecting and prioritizing key AUC and NEPAD CAADP related summit commitments.
To achieve this objective:

MEMBER STATES should periodically review their agricultural food and nutrition security programmes with a view of creating the enabling environment to upscale success in these areas;

AUC and NEPAD establish a system for tracking and evaluating the commitments made by countries and RECs, using appropriate indicators;

AUC and NEPAD to undertake a review and prioritization of past commitments for implementation to meet the objectives of food and nutrition security;

MEMBER STATES take ownership of important commitments by way of formalizing and institutionalizing them, including making adequate resources available;”