Summit of the Organisation of African Unity, Yaounde, Cameroon, 8-10 July 1996 – Declarations

Sectors : Peace-building and peacekeeping, Health systems, medicines and regulation, Human Rights, Polio
Date made: 
Heads Of State


Commitments in: Peace and security - Peace-building and peacekeeping

“... - We welcome the creation in June 1993 of the OAU Mechanism for Conflict Prevention. Management and Resolution which is already contributing significantly towards improving the 0rganization’s capacity to prevent conflicts and maintain peace in Africa;...

... - We equally commit Member States to urgently examine all concrete, pragmatic and feasible recommendations of the Secretary-General aimed at further strengthening the present operational capacity of the Mechanism; making its decisions more binding; providing it with adequate financial capacity; improving cooperation and coordination between the Mechanism and the UNO on the one hand, and African Sub-Regional Organizations on the other; codifying and subsequently using traditional African methods of conflict resolution; associating, where possible, the civilian society and its offshoots with the conflict resolution process, notably by systematic recourse to eminent African personalities.”


Commitments in: Governance - Human Rights

“The Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity...

...3. PLEDGES to promote within the Continent the following universal rights and principles under conditions of respect for cultural, social and religious values:
a. access to health care for all;
b. inviolability of the human body and of the genetic heritage of the human species;
c. inalienability of the person which prohibits the subjection of the human body, its components particularly the human genes and the sequences thereof to commercial and property rights purposes;
d. the anonymity of both the donor and the beneficiary of human organs and human products, subject to the exceptions spelt out in the legal codes of Member States;
e. the obligation to obtain the free and enlightened consent of any one to submit himself/herself to bio-medical research, and the definition of rules to protect vulnerable populations, the incapacitated, persons deprived of freedom as well as the sick under emergency conditions;
f. supervision of research facilities on embryos especially those produced as a result of medical procedures offering assistance towards procreation and the attendant application of such procedures, so as to obviate selective eugenic by-products particularly those relating to sex considerations;
g. the right to benefit from scientific progress and application thereof without any discrimination whatsoever;
h. the right of everyone, especially children, to protection from all forms of trade and exploitation;

4. PLEDGES to take legislative and other measures to give effect to this resolution, and to set up consultative bodies at both country and inter-African levels to promote the exchange of experience obtained, among such bodies;

5. APPROVES Resolution 1995/82 of the United Nations Human Rights Commission adopted in Geneva on 8 March 1995, as well as Resolution CONF/93/4-DR.21 of 1 April, 1995 adopted in Madrid at the 93rd Inter- Parliamentary Conference on Bioethics.”


Commitments in: Health - Polio

“We, the Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity...


- Eradicate poliomyelitis in Africa as an urgent priority and confirm our strong determination to make Africa free of poliomyelitis;

- Fully support the implementation of the strategies recommended by the World Health Organization, including national immunization days;

- Allocate adequate human, financial and material resources, and mobilize other local resources including resources from non-governmental and the private sector, for the eradication of poliomyelitis in Africa;

- Mobilize additional external resources from international agencies, governmental and non-governmental organizations and other partners including private foundations, in support of poliomyelitis eradication activities in Africa;”


Commitments in: Other

“We, the Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity...

...hereby agree to focus on the following:

(i) Ensuring coherence of our action in drug control at national, regional and continental levels;

(ii) Fostering cooperation among countries sharing the same problems, preferably in the same region;

(iii) Setting up appropriate institutions to address illicit drug trafficking and illicit drug demand in a balanced, integrated and timely manner;

(iv) Assessing the drug problem in its two aspects of supply and demand of illicit drugs as well as ensuring the capacity of countries to address the problem;

(v) Integrating drug demand reduction programmes into the national health and social policy and providing, where not available, infrastructures for treatment of drug addicts and their social integration;

(vi) Adopting the international drug conventions and legal instruments to deal with the problem;

(vii) Developing human resources;

(viii) Evaluating periodically the programmes that are being implemented; and

(ix) Mobilizing resources at national, regional, continental and international levels for carrying out the actions identified.

We also agree on the necessity to act on the basis of Plan of Action built around these key elements and which is aimed at the establishment of a framework for eradicating drug abuse and illicit trafficking,

To identify in concrete terms priority actions that Governments can take to eradicate drug abuse and illicit trafficking,

To develop cooperation among African countries on those priority actions so that a concerted and comprehensive approach to drug control can be adopted,

To mobilize the community and non-governmental organizations in eradicating drug abuse and illicit trafficking in Africa,

To provide a framework for a coordinated, comprehensive and concerted international approach to eradicating drug abuse and illicit trafficking in Africa, and

To raise the commitment of Governments to addressing the drug problem...

...(a) Political Will and Commitment

We shall translate our political will and commitment by the active integration of drug control into national policies by allocating adequate resources for drug control activities;

This will entail the development, adoption and review of the adequacy of the administrative and regulatory mechanisms introduced for the prevention of drug abuse and illicit trafficking.”