United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development: Report on the 9th Session, 16-27 April 2001

Sectors : Energy, climate change and technology, Sustainable development, International partnerships and support for Pan-African institutions, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, Education capacity, ICT, Energy, Agricultural investment and production, Transport, Gender and social development, Climate change technology and research, Investment, Employment and Training, Mitigation and low carbon growth
Date made: 
2001

Commitments

Commitments in: Technology - Energy, climate change and technology

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...10. Governments, continuing to have responsibility to develop and apply energy policies to achieve sustainable development, are invited to consider the following options, as appropriate:...

...(d) Developing appropriate energy services, particularly in rural areas, through the application of the most cost-effective, socially acceptable and environmentally friendly technologies, the deployment of specific energy service delivery structures and the development of renewable energy resources, including biomass;

(e) Supporting efforts to improve the functioning of energy markets with respect to both supply and demand, with the aim of achieving greater stability and predictability and to ensure consumer access to energy services;

(f) Establish domestic programmes for energy efficiency, including, as appropriate, by accelerating the deployment of energy efficiency technologies, with the necessary support of the international community;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...
 
...(e) Support electricity services based on grid extension and/or decentralized energy technologies, particularly in isolated areas, as appropriate;

(f) Strengthen national and regional research and development institutions/centres on energy for sustainable development, including renewable energy technologies, energy efficiency, advanced energy technologies, including advanced fossil fuel technologies, and sustainable use of traditional energy resources;

(g) Promote an environment which enables the public sector, the private sector and, as appropriate, energy cooperatives, including through public-private partnerships, to engage in the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity at affordable rates and in the transfer of technology;

(h) Develop renewable energy, especially in rural areas, through communitybased development methods;

(i) Enhance developing countries’ access to environmentally sound and economically viable technologies relating to energy for sustainable development;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...
 
...(h) Increase the efficiency of technologies used in the production and consumption of energy;

(j) Encourage the transfer of energy efficiency technologies, in particular to developing countries, on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed;

(k) Strengthen, as appropriate, existing institutions that develop and operate energy efficiency programmes;

(l) Strengthen, as appropriate, existing institutions that compile and disseminate information on energy efficiency programmes and technologies;

(m) Develop and implement measures that make energy efficiency technologies more affordable.”
 

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Development partnerships - International partnerships and support for Pan-African institutions

“Decision 9/2
Protection of the atmosphere…

...7. Noting the importance of several international legal instruments for global cooperation to protect the atmosphere, the Commission decides to:

(a) Encourage further cooperation of relevant international bodies and the promotion of synergies in the implementation of multilateral environmental agreements, including the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Convention on Biological Diversity and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, especially in Africa;

(b) Note the ongoing negotiation under UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol;

(c) Note that land degradation and desertification contribute to air pollution, and vice-versa, and note the importance of mobilizing adequate financial resources for the implementation of the Convention to Combat Desertification, and urge all Parties to the Convention to carry out their respective obligations;

(d) Encourage countries, to the extent that they have not yet done so, to consider ratifying or acceding to the Montreal Protocol and its amendments as soon as possible;

(e) Encourage all Parties to the Montreal Protocol and its amendments to achieve and maintain compliance with their associated obligations, in particular the adequate and timely replenishment to the multilateral fund under the Montreal Protocol;

(f) Encourage and support the efforts of Parties to the Montreal Protocol to further examine ways of promoting the use of environmentally sound alternatives to”
 

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Infrastructure - ICT

“Decision 9/2
Protection of the atmosphere

6. Emphasizing the need to provide assistance to developing countries as well as to countries with economies in transition, the Commission recommends that the international community cooperate in order to:

(a) Assist in capacity-building, research, education and training, and institutional strengthening in preventing and combating air pollution, including through human resource development;

(b) Assist in improving the compilation, evaluation and analysis of data on the state of the atmosphere and air pollution and knowledge of developments in policy-making and planning at the national, regional and international levels, and promote the use of appropriate information technology to facilitate access to and sharing of information;”
 

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Infrastructure - Energy

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...10. Governments, continuing to have responsibility to develop and apply energy policies to achieve sustainable development, are invited to consider the following options, as appropriate:

(a) Combining, as appropriate, the increased use of renewable energy sources, more efficient use of energy, greater reliance on advanced energy technologies, including advanced fossil fuel technologies, and the sustainable use of traditional energy resources, which could meet the growing needs for energy services in the longer term to achieve sustainable development;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...10. Governments, continuing to have responsibility to develop and apply energy policies to achieve sustainable development, are invited to consider the following options, as appropriate:...
 
...(b) Integrating energy considerations in socio-economic programmes, especially in policy-making of major energy-consuming sectors, such as the public sector, transport, industry, agriculture, urban planning and construction;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...23. Governments, taking into account their national circumstances, are encouraged to:

(a) Strengthen and, where appropriate, establish policies on energy for rural development, including, as appropriate, regulatory systems to promote access to energy in rural areas;

(b) Develop, where necessary, specific and targeted energy service delivery structures adapted to rural needs;

(c) Promote local energy enterprises as employment opportunities, enhance local private entrepreneurs and develop local dealers to sell/maintain equipment building on local retail networks and relationships;

(d) Take into consideration the health and safety concerns of women and children in rural energy programmes;

(e) Promote research and development of the rural energy situation in support of the achievement of international development priorities, particularly poverty eradication;

(f) Promote a sustainable use of biomass and, as appropriate, other renewable energies through improvement of current patterns of use, such as management of resources, more efficient use of fuelwood and new or improved products and technologies;

 (g) Establish financial arrangements to make rural energy services affordable to the poor;

(h) Support local groups and/or non-governmental organizations in the promotion and delivery of newly developed environmentally sound technologies, including solar cooker technology;

(i) Develop and utilize indigenous energy sources and infrastructures for various local uses and promote rural community participation, including local Agenda 21 groups, with the support of the international community, in developing and utilizing renewable energy technologies to meet their daily energy needs to find simple and local solutions;

(j) Promote capacity-building in local societies and remove barriers in the implementation of policies for renewable energy development in rural areas;

(k) Promote efforts to address the disproportionate burdens experienced by women in rural areas, including carrying loads of fuelwood over long distances and suffering adverse health effects from prolonged exposure to open fires.”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...10. Governments, continuing to have responsibility to develop and apply energy policies to achieve sustainable development, are invited to consider the following options, as appropriate:...

 ...(m) Strengthening the role of major groups, including women, inter alia, through participation in decision-making, as appropriate;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...10. Governments, continuing to have responsibility to develop and apply energy policies to achieve sustainable development, are invited to consider the following options, as appropriate:...
 
...(n) Supporting energy conservation programmes in all economic sectors;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...10. Governments, continuing to have responsibility to develop and apply energy policies to achieve sustainable development, are invited to consider the following options, as appropriate:...
 
...(o) Strengthening existing national and local institutions that develop, implement and operate national programmes on energy for sustainable development;

(p) Supporting research, development and demonstration for the abovementioned activities towards energy for sustainable development, including on transport systems; and enhancing regional and international cooperation in the research and development in these areas.”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...13. Governments, taking into account their national circumstances, are encouraged to:

(a) Establish or strengthen national and regional arrangements for promoting energy accessibility within the country;

(b) Improve access to modern biomass technologies and fuel wood sources and supplies and commercializing biomass operations, including the use of agricultural residues, where such practices are sustainable;

(c) Support the transition to the use of liquid and gaseous fossil fuels, where considered more environmentally sound, socially acceptable and cost-effective;

(d) Develop locally available energy resources for greater energy diversification, where considered more environmentally sound, socially acceptable and cost-effective, with increasing use of renewable energy resources;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...15. Governments, taking into account their national circumstances, are encouraged to:

(a) Strengthen public awareness programmes to mobilize all stakeholders;

(b) Promote an enabling environment for encouraging energy service companies for research and investments in energy efficiency;

(c) Provide incentives for energy conservation in all sectors, taking into account domestic priorities;

(d) Develop, as appropriate, at the country and regional level, energy efficiency programmes and policy options;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...(e) Strengthen capacity-building, including education and training, ranging from energy planning to technical engineering, to improve the performance of energy and materials use;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...
 
...(g) Integrate, as appropriate, energy efficiency considerations into the planning, operation and maintenance of long-lived energy consuming infrastructures, notably transport, urban lay-out, industry, agriculture and tourism;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...17. Governments, taking into account their national circumstances, are encouraged to:

(a) Develop and implement appropriate national, regional and international policies and measures to create an enabling environment for the development, utilization and distribution of renewable energy sources;

(b) Develop domestic programmes to increase the contribution of renewable energies to total energy consumption;”
 

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Environment - Sustainable development

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...8. Foremost in the developing countries’ priorities is the eradication of poverty for the furtherance of sustainable development. Efforts should therefore be made to ensure that energy policies are supportive to developing countries’ efforts to eradicate poverty, with financial assistance, as appropriate...”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/2
Protection of the atmosphere

6... (e) Promote sustainable consumption and production patterns, particularly in developed countries;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...10. Governments, continuing to have responsibility to develop and apply energy policies to achieve sustainable development, are invited to consider the following options, as appropriate:...
 
...(c) Establishing an appropriate enabling environment conducive to attracting investments and supportive of the objectives of sustainable development and to ensuring public participation;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...10. Governments, continuing to have responsibility to develop and apply energy policies to achieve sustainable development, are invited to consider the following options, as appropriate:...
 
...(i) Enhancing international cooperation in order to assist countries, in particular developing countries, in their efforts to achieve energy for sustainable development;

(j) All countries should strive to promote sustainable consumption patterns; developed countries should take the lead in achieving sustainable consumption patterns; developing countries should seek to achieve sustainable consumption patterns in their development process, guaranteeing the provision of basic needs for the poor;

(k) Encouraging public-private partnerships with a view to advancing energy for sustainable development;”
 

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Gender - Gender and social development

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...
 
...(j) Support equal access for women to sustainable and affordable energy technologies through needs assessments, energy planning and policy formulation at the local and national levels.”
 

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Climate Change - Climate change technology and research

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...10. Governments, continuing to have responsibility to develop and apply energy policies to achieve sustainable development, are invited to consider the following options, as appropriate:...
 
...(g) Supporting increased use of renewable energies both in grid-connected and decentralized systems;”

(h) Optimizing the efficient use of fossil fuels through the increased development and use of advanced fossil fuel technologies;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/2
Protection of the atmosphere

6...(c) Assist with the development and introduction of cleaner fuels and air pollution abatement technologies, particularly in developing countries, and the sharing of practices and experiences, as appropriate;”

(d) Promote the transfer of technologies on favourable terms, including concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed, for cleaner operating vehicles, traffic management, cleaner fuels, including advanced fossil fuels, and alternative fuels, including renewable fuels, inter alia, through the involvement of the private sector;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/1
Energy for sustainable development...

...10. Governments, continuing to have responsibility to develop and apply energy policies to achieve sustainable development, are invited to consider the following options, as appropriate:...
 
...(l) Facilitating the dissemination of information on environmentally sound technologies and processes to increase awareness of these options and enhance public participation, as appropriate, in decision-making surrounding the provision of these energy services for sustainable development;”
 

Scope: 
International

“Decision 9/2
Protection of the atmosphere

6...(f) Encourage adequate financing for, inter alia, the promotion and facilitation of the transfer of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries;

(g) Promote the identification of financial, technological and institutional barriers and constraints that all countries, in particular developing countries, are facing in combating air pollution, especially in metropolitan areas, with a view to addressing and removing them;”
 

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Climate Change - Mitigation and low carbon growth

“Decision 9/2
Protection of the atmosphere

6... (h) Encourage the continuing close collaboration of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Habitat and other relevant international organizations with Governments in order to assist them to develop strategies to combat indoor air pollution.”
 

Scope: 
International