United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 3-14 June1992

Sectors : Sustainable development, Peace-building and peacekeeping, Environmental degradation and natural resource management
Organisation : UN
Date made: 
1992
Level: 
Heads Of State

Commitments in: Environment - Sustainable development

"Principle 24

Warfare is inherently destructive of sustainable development.  States shall therefore respect international law providing protection for the environment in times of armed conflict and cooperate in its further development, as necessary…

…Principle 26

States shall resolve all their environmental disputes peacefully and by appropriate means in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.”
 

Scope: 
International

“Principle 27
States and people shall cooperate in good faith and in a spirit of partnership in the fulfilment of the principles embodied in this Declaration and in the further development of international law in the field of sustainable development.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Environment - Environmental degradation and natural resource management

“...Principle 11
States shall enact effective environmental legislation. Environmental standards, management objectives and priorities should reflect the environmental and developmental context to which they apply. Standards applied by some countries may be inappropriate and of unwarranted economic and social cost to other countries, in particular developing countries...

...Principle 13
States shall develop national law regarding liability and compensation for the victims of pollution and other environmental damage. States shall also cooperate in an expeditious and more determined manner to develop further international law regarding liability and compensation for adverse effects of environmental damage caused by activities within their jurisdiction or control to areas beyond their jurisdiction...

...Principle 15
In order to protect the environment, the precautionary approach shall be widely applied by States according to their capabilities. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation...

...Principle 17
Environmental impact assessment, as a national instrument, shall be undertaken for proposed activities that are likely to have a significant adverse impact on the environment and are subject to a decision of a competent national authority.

Principle 18
States shall immediately notify other States of any natural disasters or other emergencies that are likely to produce sudden harmful effects on the environment of those States. Every effort shall be made by the international community to help States so afflicted.

Principle 19
States shall provide prior and timely notification and relevant information to potentially affected States on activities that may have a significant adverse transboundary environmental effect and shall consult with those States at an early stage and in good faith...

...Principle 23
The environment and natural resources of people under oppression, domination and occupation shall be protected..."

Scope: 
International