G8 Evian Action Against Famine, Especially in Africa: A G8 Action Plan

Sectors : Agricultural and biotechnology, Food security, Quality of aid, Economic governance and public finance management, Political governance, Regional cooperation and integration, Disaster risk reduction and reconstruction, Agricultural investment and production, Humanitarian assistance, HIV/AIDS
Organisation : G8
Date made: 
2003

Commitments in: Technology - Agricultural and biotechnology

“4.3 ... We will encourage improved scientific resources and adaptation of new and improved agricultural technologies including tried and tested biotechnology for use in developing countries...”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Financing for Development - Quality of aid

“3. Increase aid effectiveness

3.1 We commit ourselves to more flexible and efficient approaches to the use of aid in specific food crisis situations. Aid must be more responsive to the needs of recipients, avoid distortions to local production and not undermine local markets. We will utilise both food assistance and cash to avoid or mitigate the impact of famine, taking into account the availability of food locally, ability of vulnerable populations to pay for food, and other relevant local market conditions....

...3.4 We will actively participate in discussions in relevant fora and institutions that address food aid modalities, and promote flexible, sustainable, efficient and responsive aid approaches while avoiding distortions to local markets. This includes working to bring new donors and new approaches to bear on addressing famine.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Governance - Political governance

“4.6 ... We will support efforts by developing countries to establish sound political and economic governance frameworks. Building on the work of the G8 Contact Group on famine, we will work actively to take this Action Plan forward in all relevant international fora.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Agriculture - Food security

“... In order to improve significantly the capacity both of the countries affected and of the international community to anticipate and prevent famine, we will:

1. Meet emergency food assistance needs

1.1 ... We will improve the efficiency, timeliness and responsiveness of our own contributions of food aid, cash and items other than food, and encourage and facilitate contributions by other traditional and non−traditional donors to meet emergency needs. We will work with governments, UN agencies, non−governmental organisations, civil society and other parts of the international community to provide the specific mix of assistance and types of programs best suited to actual needs.”

Scope: 
Africa

“2. Improve assessment capacities, warning systems and prevention mechanisms

2.1 We will support the strengthening of national, regional and international capacity for developing accurate needs assessments as well as better shared analysis and understanding of vulnerability and its links to food insecurity. This should include appropriate use of common benchmarks and pre−famine indicators that combine production with food access and utilisation/nutrition indicators.

2.2 We will support the review and improvement of early warning and crop forecast systems as well as contingency planning at the national and regional level, in order to increase emergency preparedness and response. National decision makers will need to act on information provided in a timely manner and commit sufficient resources to fund and staff such systems.”

Scope: 
Africa

“4. Longer term initiatives to address food insecurity

4.1 We will support integrated approaches and programmes to identify and tackle the root causes of hunger and malnutrition.

4.2 ... To this end, we deem it necessary to increase productive investment in rural and agricultural development to achieve lasting food security. We undertake to work towards reversing the decline of official development assistance to agriculture and increasing trade opportunities for developing countries.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Disaster risk reduction and humanitarian assistance - Humanitarian assistance

“1.2 Since Kananaskis, we have delivered US$ 3.3 billion of emergency assistance to address these humanitarian needs world−wide, including US$ 1.7 billion for Sub−Saharan Africa. We will address new needs when they are confirmed with appropriate aid commitments.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Health - HIV/AIDS

“...4.5 We are particularly determined to intensify the fight against HIV/AIDS, given the immense impact of this disease particularly in African countries, especially on food production and other aspects of food security. Food and related emergency aid distribution should also prioritise the nutritional needs of those infected and the needs of vulnerable groups most affected by the pandemic. Preserving familial and social structures, or compensating for their disruption, is key to ensuring food security.”

Scope: 
Africa