Assembly of the African Union, 4th Ordinary Session, African Union Non-Aggression and Common Defense Pact, Abuja, Nigeria, 31 January 2005

Sectors : Peace-building and peacekeeping, Conflict resources, Human Rights, Regional cooperation and integration
Organisation : AU
Date made: 
2005
Level: 
Heads Of State
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Commitments in: Peace and security - Peace-building and peacekeeping

“DETERMINED to put an end to conflicts of any kind within and among States in Africa, in order to create propitious conditions for socio-economic development and integration of the Continent, as well as the fulfilment of the aspirations of our peoples ... REAFFIRMING our commitment to the Solemn Declaration on the Common African Defence and Security Policy adopted in Sirte, Great Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, by the Second Extraordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union held from 27 to 28 February 2004, particularly its Chapter III, paragraph (t) which encourages “the conclusion and ratification of non-aggression pacts between and among African States and the harmonization of such agreements”

Scope: 
Africa

“State Parties undertake, pursuant to the provisions of the Constitutive Act, to resolve any differences by peaceful means, in order to avoid endangering peace and security; to refrain from the use of force or threat to use force in their relations with each other and in any manner whatsoever, incompatible with the United Nations Charter. Consequently, no consideration whatsoever, be it political, economic, military, religious or racial shall justify aggression; State Parties undertake to develop and strengthen the friendly and peaceful relations among them in accordance with the fundamental principles of the Union; State Parties undertake to promote such sustainable development policies as are appropriate to enhance the well being of the African people, including the dignity and fundamental rights of every human being in the context of a democratic society as stipulated in the Lome Declaration. In particular, State Parties shall ensure freedom of worship, respect of the cultural identity of peoples and the rights of minorities; State Parties undertake to prohibit and prevent genocide, other forms of mass murder as well as crimes against humanity.”

Scope: 
Africa

“State Parties undertake to provide mutual assistance towards their common defence and security vis-à-vis any aggression or threats of aggression; State Parties undertake, individually and collectively, to respond by all available means to aggression or threats of aggression against any Member State; State Parties undertake not to recognize any territorial acquisition or special advantage, resulting from the use of aggression; As part of the vision of building a strong and united Africa, State Parties undertake to establish an African Army at the final stage of the political and economic integration of the Continent. In the meantime, State Parties will make best efforts to address the challenges of common defence and security through the effective implementation of the Common African Defence and Security Policy, including the early establishment and operationalisation of the African Standby Force.”

Scope: 
Africa

“State Parties undertake to provide all possible assistance towards the military operations decided by the Peace and Security Council, including the use of the African Standby Force; State Parties undertake to develop and strengthen the level of their actual collaboration with the Command Headquarters and Military Staff Committee of the African Standby Force in accordance with the provisions of the Protocol and the Policy Framework for the Establishment of the African Standby Force and the Military Staff Committee.”

Scope: 
Africa

“State Parties undertake to establish and operationalize the African Peace Academy (APA) to serve as a framework for the promotion of peace and stability in Africa, and as a centre of excellence for research and development of an African peace doctrine; The organization and operational modalities of the Academy shall be decided upon by the Assembly.”

Scope: 
Africa

“State Parties undertake to establish an African Union Commission on International Law whose objectives shall, among others, be to study all legal matters related to the promotion of peace and security in Africa, including the demarcation and delineation of African borders;”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Other

“State Parties undertake to develop and strengthen the capacities of African research, information and training institutions to enhance early preventive action against any aggression or threats of aggression;”

Scope: 
Africa