OAU Convention of the Elimination of Mercenarism in Africa

Sectors : Peace-building and peacekeeping
Organisation : AU
Date made: 
Heads Of State

Commitments in: Peace and security - Peace-building and peacekeeping

The contracting parties shall take all necessary measures to eradicate all mercenary activities in Africa.
To this end, each contracting State shall undertake to:
(a) Prevent its nationals or foreigners on its territory from engaging in any of the acts mentioned in Article 1 of this Convention;
(b) Prevent entry into or passage through its territory of any mercenary or any equipment destined for mercenary use;
(c) Prohibit on its territory any activities by persons or organisations who use mercenaries against any African State member of the Organization of African Unity or the people of Africa in their struggle for liberation;
(d) Communicate to the other Member States of the Organization of African Unity either directly or through the Secretariat of the OAU any information related to the activities of mercenaries as soon as it comes to its knowledge;
(e) Forbid on its territory the recruitment, training, financing and equipment of mercenaries and any other form of activities likely to promote mercenarism;
(f) Take all the necessary legislative and other measures to ensure the immediate entry into force of this Convention.”


Each contracting State shall undertake to make the offence defined in Article 1 of this Convention punishable by the severest penalties under its laws including capital punishment.
Each contracting State shall undertake to take such measures as may be necessary to punish, in accordance with the provisions of Article 7, any person who commits an offence under Article 1 of this Convention and who is found on its territory if it does not extradite him to the State against which the offence has been committed.”