Commission on Sustainable Development 15th session, 11 May 2007

Sectors : Energy, Regional cooperation and integration, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, International partnerships and support for Pan-African institutions
Organisation : UN
Date made: 
2007
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Commitments in: Development partnerships - Regional cooperation and integration

“19. Take actions to:
(a) Strengthen international, regional and subregional cooperation, as appropriate, in order to implement the decision of the Commission on Sustainable Development at its fifteenth session, and other relevant decisions on energy for sustainable development;
(b) Enhance regional and subregional arrangements, as appropriate, to increase energy access in urban, rural and remote areas, facilitate resource mobilization and enhance energy availability, efficiency, capacity-building, knowledge creation and sharing and provision of local energy services, with a particular attention to the needs of women and youth;
(c) Support the national and regional efforts of the developing countries in implementation of energy policies in the framework of national sustainable development strategies and national development plans, as well as the implementation of the decision of the Commission on Sustainable Development at its fifteenth session, and other relevant decisions on energy for sustainable development;
(d) Foster international and regional cooperation in developing and deploying renewable energy technologies and advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuel technologies, and encourage international and regional cooperation for capacity-building, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation;
(e) Strengthen international support for the implementation of national and regional energy efficiency programmes, including investment in, and the transfer of, modern energy efficiency technologies that are environmentally sound, costeffective and socially acceptable;
(f) Encourage and strengthen the Partnerships for Sustainable Development of the Commission on Sustainable Development secretariat in facilitating energy sustainability, including through increased cooperation with international financial institutions, international organizations, the private sector, non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders;
(g) Strengthen cooperation between national and regional energy institutions on energy for sustainable development and encourage networking in research and development, including through the promotion of cyber laboratories and centres of excellence;
(h) Support a robust and sustainable energy system at national and regional levels, and the maintenance and improvement of energy production and transport infrastructure, including pipeline, transmission and distribution facilities;
(i) Enhance and facilitate, as appropriate, regional cooperation in the field of generation, transmission and distribution of energy, including through sustainable exploration and utilization of regional hydroelectric potentials, interconnection of electricity grids, oil and natural gas pipelines and cross-border energy trade;
(j) Encourage regional and international financial institutions to expand, and the Global Environment Facility to continue its support for energy efficiency, energy saving, renewable energy and advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuel technology, and facilitate access to funding for developing countries, particularly least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States;
(k) Promote investment and partnerships for the development of sustainable, energy efficient multimodal transportation systems aiming at providing safe, affordable and efficient transportation;
(l) Create partnerships with regional and international financial institutions, including regional development banks, to promote energy access, energy efficiency, energy saving, renewable energy and advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuel technologies and the allocation of financial resources;
(m) Increase international support for national efforts to adopt standards and labelling for energy-efficient appliances and consumer equipment, as well as international harmonization, if appropriate, of testing and certificating methods;
(n) Encourage cooperation on effective ways and means to eliminate the dumping of hazardous energy wastes and obsolete products in developing countries;
(o) Strengthen initiatives to create and foster international cooperation on bioenergy, including biofuels, with a view to ensuring that bioenergy is produced and used sustainably, taking into account an adequate balance between food security and bioenergy production, as well as the sustainable use of natural resources, according to national circumstances;
(p) Improve the functioning, transparency and information related to energy markets to promote greater stability and predictability, both with respect to supply and demand;
(q) Enhance regional and international dialogue and understanding between energy producing and consuming countries;
(r) Enhance international cooperation in the implementation of relevant General Assembly resolutions relating to energy for sustainable development.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Environment - Environmental degradation and natural resource management

“Regional, subregional and international cooperation
28. Take actions to:
(a) Strengthen regional and subregional cooperation for improved air quality and control of transboundary air pollution, both anthropogenic and naturally occurring, using an approach that combines, as appropriate, monitoring, abatement, research, or policy formulation, as well as sharing of regional experiences, and encourage countries to cooperate in relevant regional and subregional frameworks and mechanisms agreed upon by countries concerned;
(b) Encourage the sharing, on a voluntary basis, of regional and subregional experiences that address transboundary air pollution, such as the Economic Commission for Europe Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution and the Air Pollution in the Mega-Cities of Asia project;
(c) Increase subregional, regional and international cooperation on collection, management, and dissemination of sound and updated scientific data and best techniques to improve air quality;
(d) Promote policies to reduce air pollution and the use of ozone-depleting substances and improve air quality, bearing in mind that such policies can have important co-benefits in addressing climate change;
(e) Encourage enhanced cooperation and, as appropriate, combined efforts of relevant international bodies in the implementation of multilateral environmental agreements;
(f) Invite Member States, to the extent that they have not yet done so, to consider ratifying or acceding to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone ____36F _ and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone L____37F _ and its amendments;
(g) Support measures to address illegal traffic in ozone-depleting substances under the Montreal Protocol framework;
(h) Strengthen systematic observation of the Earth’s atmosphere by means of satellite, aerial and in situ monitoring systems, and increase scientific cooperation by, for example, making the results available for the use of all countries, especially developing countries;
(i) Support, as appropriate, international monitoring programmes, such as the Global Earth Observation System of Systems and the Global Climate Observing System;
(j) Support initiatives such as the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles for phasing out the remaining use of leaded gasoline, and work to reduce sulphur content in fuels, and the Partnership for Clean Indoor Air and the Global Partnership for Reduction of Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Utilities, as well as assist those countries that wish to replace methyl tertiary butyl ether in gasoline.”...
... (a) Promote the transfer of affordable, efficient and environmentally sound technologies on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed, for cleaner operating vehicles, traffic management and cleaner fuels, including advanced cleaner fossil fuels, renewable and alternative fuels, inter alia, through the involvement of the private sector;
(b) Invite donors to continue providing financial resources during the next replenishment of the multilateral fund under the Montreal Protocol;
(c) Enhance capacity-building, institutional strengthening and involvement of the private sector and all other relevant stakeholders in the work of improved air quality, taking into consideration the special circumstances and needs of developing countries, particularly small island developing States, least developed countries and landlocked developing countries;
(d) Assist developing countries, as well as countries with economies in transition, to build capacity for monitoring, construction and updating of emissions inventories, and measuring and assessing the impacts of air pollution, and to promote the exchange of air emission information;
(e) Promote investment and partnerships for the development of sustainable, energy efficient multimodal transportation systems;
(f) Invite international organizations and donors to expand their support for developing countries with significant amounts of naturally occurring air pollution, particularly dust, sandstorms, forest fires and volcanic ash, including through capacity-building for early warning, monitoring and preventive measures;
(g) Support development of appropriate technology and measures to reduce emissions from burning and incineration of waste;
(h) Facilitate the transfer of environmentally sound and affordable waste management and disposal and recycling technologies to developing countries.”

Scope: 
International