Commission on Sustainable Development 15th session, 11 May 2007

Sectors : Energy, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, Investment, International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade, Regional trade, International partnerships and support for Pan-African institutions, Climate change - general, Gender and economic opportunity, Sustainable development, Gender and social development, Industry, Women's rights
Organisation : UN
Date made: 
2007
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Commitments in: Infrastructure - Energy

21. Take actions to:
(a) Mobilize financial resources, including from the public and private sector, increased official development assistance, microcredit and innovative funding for renewable energy, energy efficiency, cleaner fossil fuel and other energy;
(b) Create a positive investment climate at all levels to attract private capital for energy projects;
(c) Encourage transfer and dissemination of cleaner energy technologies, including advanced, cleaner fossil fuel technologies;
(d) Encourage the development of carbon capture and storage and enhanced oil recovery technologies with developed countries accelerating their development in contributing to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions;
(e) Increase investments and strengthen public/private partnerships in research and development to develop the new, advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuel technologies;
(f) Support and promote the use of cleaner liquid and gaseous fossil fuels, including through creating appropriate investment conditions for liquefied natural gas and gas-to-liquid trade, and develop the global liquefied natural gas/gas-toliquid market to increase access to cleaner forms of fossil fuel energy;
(g) Promote foreign direct investment for the development of the resource base, including fossil fuels, sustainable production and use of biofuels and other renewable sources of energy;
(h) Support the establishment and further development of energy service companies through capacity-building at the national level;
(i) Encourage international financial institutions to increase their funding in developing countries to improve energy efficiency in local and national electricity grids, including through reduction of electricity losses in transportation and distribution networks.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Trade - International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade

“Subregional, regional and global international cooperation
24. Take actions to:
(a) Encourage continued international efforts to support developing countries in building capacities for environmental impact assessments, including, as appropriate, strategic environmental assessments of national and regional plans and programmes and, in this regard, to provide support, as mutually agreed, to developing countries at the local, national and, where they exist, regional levels;
(b) Pursue progress in the field of sustainable consumption and production patterns through full commitment to the Marrakesh process and its task forces;
(c) Improve market access for products of importance to developing countries by reducing or, as appropriate, eliminating tariffs, including the reduction or elimination of tariff peaks and tariff escalation, as well as non-tariff barriers, to enable developing countries to make full use of their comparative advantages, and work towards a successful completion of the Doha Round of World Trade Organization negotiations;
(d) Support trade-related capacity-building in developing countries, including for customs procedures simplification, trade promotion and quality control;
(e) Enhance capacity in developing countries for developing, implementing and enforcing regulations, codes and standards;
(f) Support technology transfer on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed, especially of environmentally sound technologies, and mobilize financial resources for sustainable industrial development in developing countries;
(g) Strengthen North-South, South-South and triangular technology cooperation, including joint research and development between developed and developing countries;
(h) Strengthen international support, including support of relevant United Nations organizations for promotion and dissemination activities relating to trade and investment opportunities in developing countries, including small island developing States.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Environment - Environmental degradation and natural resource management

“27. Take actions to:
(a) Improve information dissemination of, and the knowledge base on, sources and health impacts of indoor air pollution, in particular on women, children and workers, and provide financial and other resources to support programmes and other activities that address adverse health impacts, including public awareness campaigns on indoor air pollution from all sources in developing countries;
(b) Replicate and increase, as appropriate, successful approaches and best practices and partnerships to reduce indoor air pollution, such as the Partnership for Clean Indoor Air, with a priority focus on practical initiatives that improve air quality;
(c) Accelerate the transition from inefficient utilization of biomass to cleaner energy sources, technology and appliances for cooking and heating, and support efforts to disseminate improved biomass-based technologies, and provide incentives for switching to cleaner fuels and technologies;
(d) Develop strategies for sustainable urban and land-use planning that integrates sustainable urban transport systems, industrial plant location and waste disposal siting and facilities;
(e) Promote the establishment of country and regional air quality standards and norms, taking into account World Health Organization air quality guidelines as appropriate;
(f) Improve control of emissions, including through, as appropriate, the establishment of emission limit values from different sources to mitigate air pollution, including, inter alia, through modernizing and upgrading thermal electric power plants, making the extraction and processing of fossil fuels more efficient, reducing emissions from gas flaring and venting and emissions from transport;
(g) Improve urban air quality through utilization of cleaner fuels and technologies;
(h) Expand the use of advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuels and renewable energy technologies, and support market development for the deployment of clean energy and production technologies;
(i) Improve collection, compilation and analysis of data, as well as capacities to measure and monitor air pollution and its impact on human health;
(j) Promote less polluting public and mass transport systems;
(k) Encourage improved inspection and maintenance requirements for all vehicles;
(l) Encourage public and private sectors to switch to more fuel/energyefficient vehicles, including through legislation, as appropriate;
(m) Develop and implement national standards and market and non-market incentives to improve fuel and vehicle efficiency and the use of technologies that reduce emissions.”

Scope: 
International

“Regional, subregional and international cooperation
28. Take actions to:
(a) Strengthen regional and subregional cooperation for improved air quality and control of transboundary air pollution, both anthropogenic and naturally occurring, using an approach that combines, as appropriate, monitoring, abatement, research, or policy formulation, as well as sharing of regional experiences, and encourage countries to cooperate in relevant regional and subregional frameworks and mechanisms agreed upon by countries concerned;
(b) Encourage the sharing, on a voluntary basis, of regional and subregional experiences that address transboundary air pollution, such as the Economic Commission for Europe Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution and the Air Pollution in the Mega-Cities of Asia project;
(c) Increase subregional, regional and international cooperation on collection, management, and dissemination of sound and updated scientific data and best techniques to improve air quality;
(d) Promote policies to reduce air pollution and the use of ozone-depleting substances and improve air quality, bearing in mind that such policies can have important co-benefits in addressing climate change;
(e) Encourage enhanced cooperation and, as appropriate, combined efforts of relevant international bodies in the implementation of multilateral environmental agreements;
(f) Invite Member States, to the extent that they have not yet done so, to consider ratifying or acceding to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone ____36F _ and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone L____37F _ and its amendments;
(g) Support measures to address illegal traffic in ozone-depleting substances under the Montreal Protocol framework;
(h) Strengthen systematic observation of the Earth’s atmosphere by means of satellite, aerial and in situ monitoring systems, and increase scientific cooperation by, for example, making the results available for the use of all countries, especially developing countries;
(i) Support, as appropriate, international monitoring programmes, such as the Global Earth Observation System of Systems and the Global Climate Observing System;
(j) Support initiatives such as the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles for phasing out the remaining use of leaded gasoline, and work to reduce sulphur content in fuels, and the Partnership for Clean Indoor Air and the Global Partnership for Reduction of Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Utilities, as well as assist those countries that wish to replace methyl tertiary butyl ether in gasoline.”...
... (a) Promote the transfer of affordable, efficient and environmentally sound technologies on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed, for cleaner operating vehicles, traffic management and cleaner fuels, including advanced cleaner fossil fuels, renewable and alternative fuels, inter alia, through the involvement of the private sector;
(b) Invite donors to continue providing financial resources during the next replenishment of the multilateral fund under the Montreal Protocol;
(c) Enhance capacity-building, institutional strengthening and involvement of the private sector and all other relevant stakeholders in the work of improved air quality, taking into consideration the special circumstances and needs of developing countries, particularly small island developing States, least developed countries and landlocked developing countries;
(d) Assist developing countries, as well as countries with economies in transition, to build capacity for monitoring, construction and updating of emissions inventories, and measuring and assessing the impacts of air pollution, and to promote the exchange of air emission information;
(e) Promote investment and partnerships for the development of sustainable, energy efficient multimodal transportation systems;
(f) Invite international organizations and donors to expand their support for developing countries with significant amounts of naturally occurring air pollution, particularly dust, sandstorms, forest fires and volcanic ash, including through capacity-building for early warning, monitoring and preventive measures;
(g) Support development of appropriate technology and measures to reduce emissions from burning and incineration of waste;
(h) Facilitate the transfer of environmentally sound and affordable waste management and disposal and recycling technologies to developing countries.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Gender - Gender and social development

“14. Decides to call on Governments to mainstream gender considerations, in particular the role of women in management and decision-making, at all levels, which is crucial for the implementation of the interlinked issues of energy for sustainable development, industrial development, air pollution/atmosphere and climate change.”

Scope: 
International