Commission on Sustainable Development 15th session, 11 May 2007

Sectors : Energy, Regional cooperation and integration, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, Investment
Organisation : UN
Date made: 
2007
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Commitments in: Development partnerships - Regional cooperation and integration

“19. Take actions to:
(a) Strengthen international, regional and subregional cooperation, as appropriate, in order to implement the decision of the Commission on Sustainable Development at its fifteenth session, and other relevant decisions on energy for sustainable development;
(b) Enhance regional and subregional arrangements, as appropriate, to increase energy access in urban, rural and remote areas, facilitate resource mobilization and enhance energy availability, efficiency, capacity-building, knowledge creation and sharing and provision of local energy services, with a particular attention to the needs of women and youth;
(c) Support the national and regional efforts of the developing countries in implementation of energy policies in the framework of national sustainable development strategies and national development plans, as well as the implementation of the decision of the Commission on Sustainable Development at its fifteenth session, and other relevant decisions on energy for sustainable development;
(d) Foster international and regional cooperation in developing and deploying renewable energy technologies and advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuel technologies, and encourage international and regional cooperation for capacity-building, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation;
(e) Strengthen international support for the implementation of national and regional energy efficiency programmes, including investment in, and the transfer of, modern energy efficiency technologies that are environmentally sound, costeffective and socially acceptable;
(f) Encourage and strengthen the Partnerships for Sustainable Development of the Commission on Sustainable Development secretariat in facilitating energy sustainability, including through increased cooperation with international financial institutions, international organizations, the private sector, non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders;
(g) Strengthen cooperation between national and regional energy institutions on energy for sustainable development and encourage networking in research and development, including through the promotion of cyber laboratories and centres of excellence;
(h) Support a robust and sustainable energy system at national and regional levels, and the maintenance and improvement of energy production and transport infrastructure, including pipeline, transmission and distribution facilities;
(i) Enhance and facilitate, as appropriate, regional cooperation in the field of generation, transmission and distribution of energy, including through sustainable exploration and utilization of regional hydroelectric potentials, interconnection of electricity grids, oil and natural gas pipelines and cross-border energy trade;
(j) Encourage regional and international financial institutions to expand, and the Global Environment Facility to continue its support for energy efficiency, energy saving, renewable energy and advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuel technology, and facilitate access to funding for developing countries, particularly least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States;
(k) Promote investment and partnerships for the development of sustainable, energy efficient multimodal transportation systems aiming at providing safe, affordable and efficient transportation;
(l) Create partnerships with regional and international financial institutions, including regional development banks, to promote energy access, energy efficiency, energy saving, renewable energy and advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuel technologies and the allocation of financial resources;
(m) Increase international support for national efforts to adopt standards and labelling for energy-efficient appliances and consumer equipment, as well as international harmonization, if appropriate, of testing and certificating methods;
(n) Encourage cooperation on effective ways and means to eliminate the dumping of hazardous energy wastes and obsolete products in developing countries;
(o) Strengthen initiatives to create and foster international cooperation on bioenergy, including biofuels, with a view to ensuring that bioenergy is produced and used sustainably, taking into account an adequate balance between food security and bioenergy production, as well as the sustainable use of natural resources, according to national circumstances;
(p) Improve the functioning, transparency and information related to energy markets to promote greater stability and predictability, both with respect to supply and demand;
(q) Enhance regional and international dialogue and understanding between energy producing and consuming countries;
(r) Enhance international cooperation in the implementation of relevant General Assembly resolutions relating to energy for sustainable development.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Infrastructure - Energy

“16. Take actions to:
(a) Further diversify energy supply by developing advanced, cleaner, more efficient, affordable and cost-effective energy technologies, including advanced and cleaner fossil fuel technologies and renewable energy technologies, including, as appropriate, hydropower, geothermal, wind, solar, hydrogen, tidal and ocean and bioenergy, such as biofuels, and their transfer to developing countries, on concessional terms, as mutually agreed;
(b) With a sense of urgency, substantially increase the global share of renewable energy sources with the objective of increasing its contribution to total energy supply, recognizing the roles of national and voluntary regional targets, as well as initiatives, where they exist, and ensuring that energy policies are supportive of the efforts of developing countries to eradicate poverty, and regularly evaluate data to review progress to this end;
(c) Substantially increase, as a matter of urgency, the global share of renewable energy in the energy mix, including, as appropriate, solar thermal, photovoltaic, biomass including biofuels, wind, hydro, tidal, ocean and geothermal and other forms of renewable energy in accordance with the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation and national plans;
(d) Make greater use of effective policy tools, such as voluntary national, subnational or regional goals, programmes and targets, as appropriate, to increase access to energy, energy efficiency and the share of renewable energies;
(e) Policies to reduce market distortions would promote energy systems compatible with sustainable development through the use of improved market signals and by removing market distortions, including restructuring taxation and phasing out harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, with such policies taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries, with the aim of minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development;
(f) Where appropriate, to phase out subsidies in this area that inhibit sustainable development, taking fully into account the specific conditions and different levels of development of individual countries and considering the adverse effect, particularly on developing countries.”

Scope: 
International

“Follow-up on energy for sustainable development
20. Decides to devote in 2010 and 2014, without prejudice to the programme, organization and methods of work of the Commission adopted at its eleventh session, a period of time to be determined by the Bureau in advance, using one or two days as benchmarks, to monitor and follow up the implementation of decisions on energy for sustainable development and the means of implementation, taken at the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation and the Commission on Sustainable Development at its ninth and fifteenth sessions.”

Scope: 
International

21. Take actions to:
(a) Mobilize financial resources, including from the public and private sector, increased official development assistance, microcredit and innovative funding for renewable energy, energy efficiency, cleaner fossil fuel and other energy;
(b) Create a positive investment climate at all levels to attract private capital for energy projects;
(c) Encourage transfer and dissemination of cleaner energy technologies, including advanced, cleaner fossil fuel technologies;
(d) Encourage the development of carbon capture and storage and enhanced oil recovery technologies with developed countries accelerating their development in contributing to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions;
(e) Increase investments and strengthen public/private partnerships in research and development to develop the new, advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuel technologies;
(f) Support and promote the use of cleaner liquid and gaseous fossil fuels, including through creating appropriate investment conditions for liquefied natural gas and gas-to-liquid trade, and develop the global liquefied natural gas/gas-toliquid market to increase access to cleaner forms of fossil fuel energy;
(g) Promote foreign direct investment for the development of the resource base, including fossil fuels, sustainable production and use of biofuels and other renewable sources of energy;
(h) Support the establishment and further development of energy service companies through capacity-building at the national level;
(i) Encourage international financial institutions to increase their funding in developing countries to improve energy efficiency in local and national electricity grids, including through reduction of electricity losses in transportation and distribution networks.”

Scope: 
International