Windhoek High-Level Ministerial Declaration on African Agriculture in the 21st Century: Meeting the Challenges, Making a Sustainable Green Revolution, 9-10 February 2009

Sectors : Agricultural and biotechnology, Science, research and technology general, Sustainable development, Agricultural investment and production, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, Investment, Agriculture trade, Infrastructure General
Organisation : UN
Date made: 
2009
Level: 
Ministerial
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Commitments in: Technology - Agricultural and biotechnology

“22. We urge the international community to promote and facilitate access to the development, acquisition, transfer and diffusion of the technologies and corresponding know-how to African countries and we call for increased technical and financial assistance to African countries for strengthening their national innovation capacity, inter alia, trough research and development (R&D) to increase agricultural production and improve competitiveness.”
Scope: 
Africa
“13. We further recognize that sustainable green revolution in Africa is needed if hunger, poverty and environmental degradation trends are to be reversed. African agriculture has to be transformed through an enabling environment of policy, institutions, infrastructure and investment in scientific research, technology development and dissemination. Success in agriculture in Africa further requires provision of the latest scientific knowledge and experience in applying techniques of sustainable land, soil and water management. We emphasize that the green revolution need to be tailored to the specificities of the continent’s highly diverse agro-ecological conditions, farming systems and socio-cultural contexts.”
Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Agriculture - Agricultural investment and production

“25. We are determined to achieve sustainability of African economies and their integration into the global market in order to reduce the continent’s heavy dependence on the extraction, harvesting and export of primary commodities with minimal processing and value addition. We are committed to promoting economic diversification, including through expanded production of high-value agricultural products and the development of industries based on the further processing and value addition to primary products. We encourage international investment, technology and know-how transfer to further this process.

26. We note the growing global demand for biofuels which has opened up significant new opportunities and challenges for African food production. We intend to work to develop our biofuels sectors in ways which are consistent with our own food security and with principles of environmental sustainability and social equity.

27. We underscore the importance of securing agricultural land rights, particularly for small-scale farmers, in ensuring that the poor benefit from the modernization of African agriculture and from its growing integration into world markets. We shall continue to encourage the sustainable land management practices aimed at boosting agricultural productivity. We shall also encourage increased exchange of experiences and know – how both within and beyond the continent.”
Scope: 
Africa
“...5. We further recognize the need for an active engagement of the state in supporting agriculture, especially small scale agriculture. The escalation and volatility in prices facing farmers has highlighted the need for effective institutions to ensure greater price stability. We also emphasize the critical importance of governments in providing rural infrastructure, in supporting agricultural research and development, and in creating an enabling policy environment that provides incentives to innovation and risk taking by farmers.”
Scope: 
Africa