Brussels European Council - Presidency Conclusions, December 2009

Sectors : Sustainable development, Mitigation and low carbon growth, Adaptation, Climate change financing, Transparency and accountability
Organisation : EU
Date made: 
2009
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Commitments in: Environment - Sustainable development

“Sustainable Development Strategy

22. A number of unsustainable trends require urgent action. Significant additional efforts are needed to curb and adapt to climate change, to decrease high energy consumption in the transport sector and to reverse the current loss of biodiversity and natural resources. The shift to a safe and sustainable low-carbon and low-input economy will require a stronger focus in the future. Priority actions should be more clearly specified in future reviews. Governance, including implementation, monitoring and follow-up mechanisms should be reinforced for example through clearer links to the future EU 2020 strategy and other cross-cutting strategies.”
 

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Climate Change - Climate change financing

“IV. The Copenhagen Conference on climate change

...37. The Copenhagen Agreement should include provisions on immediate action, starting in 2010. The European Council acknowledges that this requires scaled up financial support. Fast-start international public support should imply specific and separate support for adaptation, mitigation, including forestry and capacity building, with a special emphasis on vulnerable and least developed countries. The EU calls on developed countries to announce their contributions to such support, in line with the October European Council conclusions. The EU is confident that a global amount of EUR 7 billion annually will be reached. The EU and its Member States are ready to contribute with fast-start funding of EUR 2.4 billion annually for the years 2010 to 2012.

38. In addition, the European Council recognises the need for a significant increase in public and private financial flows to 2020 and reiterates its conclusions of October 2009. In that context the European Council reconfirms its commitment to provide its fair share of international public support.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Climate Change - Mitigation and low carbon growth

“IV. The Copenhagen Conference on climate change

34. ...The European Council recalls the negotiating position that it adopted on 30 October 2009. All Parties must devote themselves fully to reaching a global, comprehensive, ambitious and politically binding Copenhagen Agreement that will cover all building blocks of the Bali Action Plan and builds on the essential elements of the Kyoto Protocol. A prerequisite for a Copenhagen Agreement is that it uses commonly agreed, transparent, international standards for measurement, reporting and verification, thus ensuring transparency and compliance of commitments, actions and support. In this context, the European Union will support efforts towards enhancing international environmental governance. The agreement should lead to finalising a legally binding instrument, preferably within six months after the Copenhagen Conference, for the period starting on 1 January 2013.”
 

Scope: 
International

“IV. The Copenhagen Conference on climate change

...35. The European Council welcomes in this context the recent pledges for emission reductions from a number of countries. Our common objective must be to stay below the science-based two degree limit for global warming. Some Parties have not yet presented offers corresponding to this objective. The European Council urges developed countries to do so without further delay and developing countries, especially the more advanced, to commit to appropriate mitigation action.

36. ...As part of a global and comprehensive agreement for the period beyond 2012, the EU reiterates its conditional offer to move to a 30% reduction by 2020 compared to 1990 levels, provided that other developed countries commit themselves to comparable emission reductions and that developing countries contribute adequately according to their responsibilities and respective capabilities.”
 

Scope: 
International