United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP-16, Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention, Cancun, 29 November-10 December 2010

Sectors : International partnerships and support for Pan-African institutions, Climate change financing, Political governance, Adaptation, Mitigation and low carbon growth, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, Transparency and accountability, Climate change technology and research, Investment, Sustainable development, Human Rights
Organisation : UN
Date made: 
2010
Level: 
Heads Of State
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Commitments in: Governance - Political governance

“103. Also decides that the Fund shall be governed by a board of 24 members comprising an equal number of members from developing and developed country Parties; representation from developing country Parties shall include representatives from relevant United Nations regional groupings and representatives from small island developing States and the least developed countries; each board member shall have an alternate member; alternate members are entitled to participate in the meetings of the board only through the principal member, without the right to vote, unless they are serving as the member; during the absence of the member from all or part of the meeting of the board, his or her alternate shall serve as the member;” 

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Climate Change - Climate change financing

“2. Further affirms that:...  

 ...(d) Mobilization and provision of scaled up, new, additional, adequate and predictable financial resources is necessary to address the adaptation and mitigation needs  of developing countries;...” 

 
Scope: 
International

“95. Takes note of the collective commitment by developed countries to provide new and additional resources, including forestry and investments through international institutions, approaching USD 30 billion for the period 2010-2012, with a balanced allocation between adaptation and mitigation; funding for adaptation will be prioritized for the most vulnerable developing countries, such as the least developed countries, small island developing States and Africa;” 

Scope: 
Africa

“96. Invites, in order to enhance transparency, developed country Parties to submit to the secretariat for compilation into an information document, by May 2011, 2012 and 2013, information on the resources provided to fulfil the commitment referred to in paragraph 95 above, including ways in which developing country Parties access these resources;” 

Scope: 
International

“97. Decides that, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention, scaled up, new and additional, predictable and adequate funding shall be provided to developing country Parties, taking into account the urgent and immediate needs of developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change;” 

Scope: 
International

“98. Recognizes that developed country Parties commit, in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation, to a goal of mobilizing jointly USD 100 billion per year by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries;”  

Scope: 
International

“100. Decides that a significant share of new multilateral funding for adaptation should flow through the Green Climate Fund;” 

Scope: 
International

“102. Decides to establish a Green Climate Fund, to be designated as an operating entity of the financial mechanism of the Convention under Article 11, with arrangements to be concluded between the Conference of the Parties and the Green Climate Fund to ensure that it is accountable to and functions under the guidance of the Conference of the Parties, to support projects, programmes, policies and other activities in developing country Parties using thematic funding windows;”  

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Climate Change - Climate change technology and research

“2. Further affirms that:...  

...(c) All Parties should cooperate, consistent with the principles of the Convention, through effective mechanisms, enhanced means and appropriate enabling environments, and enhance technology development and the transfer of technologies to developing country Parties to enable action on mitigation and adaptation;...” 

 
Scope: 
International

“14. Invites all Parties to enhance action on adaptation under the Cancun Adaptation Framework...by undertaking, inter alia, the following:...

...(g) Research, development, demonstration, diffusion, deployment and transfer of technologies, practices and processes; and capacity-building for adaptation, with a view to promoting access to technologies, in particular in developing country Parties; 

(h) Strengthening data, information and knowledge systems, education and public awareness; 

(i) Improving climate-related research and systematic observation for climate data collection, archiving, analysis and modelling in order to provide decision makers at national and regional levels with improved climate-related data and information;...”  

 
Scope: 
International

“113. Decides that the objective of enhanced action on technology development and transfer is to support action on mitigation and adaptation in order to achieve the full implementation of the Convention,” 

Scope: 
International

“117. Decides to establish a Technology Mechanism to facilitate the implementation of actions for achieving the objective referred to in paragraphs 113-115 above, under the guidance of and accountable to the Conference  of the Parties, which will consist of the following components: 

(a) A Technology Executive Committee to undertake the functions contained in paragraph 121 below;  

(b) A Climate Technology Centre and Network to undertake the functions contained in paragraph 123 below;” 

 
Scope: 
International

“120. Decides that priority areas that could be considered under the Convention may include, inter alia: 

(a) Development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties, including cooperative research, development and demonstration programmes; 

(b) Deployment and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies and knowhow in developing country Parties; 

(c) Increased public and private investment in technology development, deployment, diffusion and transfer; 

(d) Deployment of soft and hard technologies for the implementation of adaptation and mitigation actions; 

(e) Improved climate change observation systems and related information management; 

(f) Strengthening of national systems of innovation and technology innovation centres;  

(g) Development and implementation of national technology plans for mitigation and adaptation;” 

 
Scope: 
International

“120. Decides that priority areas that could be considered under the Convention may include, inter alia: 

(a) Development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties, including cooperative research, development and demonstration programmes; 

(b) Deployment and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies and knowhow in developing country Parties; 

(c) Increased public and private investment in technology development, deployment, diffusion and transfer; 

(d) Deployment of soft and hard technologies for the implementation of adaptation and mitigation actions; 

(e) Improved climate change observation systems and related information management; 

(f) Strengthening of national systems of innovation and technology innovation centres;  

(g) Development and implementation of national technology plans for mitigation and adaptation;” 

 
Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Climate Change - Mitigation and low carbon growth

“2. Further affirms that:  

(a) Scaled-up overall mitigation efforts that allow for the achievement of desired stabilization levels are necessary, with developed country Parties showing leadership by undertaking ambitious emission reductions and in providing technology, capacity-building and financial resources to developing country Parties, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention;...”  

 
Scope: 
International

“4. Further recognizes that deep cuts in global greenhouse gas emissions are required according to science, and as documented in the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, with a view to reducing global greenhouse gas emissions so as to hold the increase in global average temperature below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, and that Parties should take urgent action to meet this long-term goal, consistent with science and on the basis of equity; Also recognizes the need to consider, in the context of the first review, as referred  to in paragraph 138 below, strengthening the long-term global goal on the basis of the best available scientific knowledge, including in relation to a global average temperature rise of 1.5°C;” 

 

Scope: 
International

“5. Agrees, in the context of the long-term goal and the ultimate objective of the Convention and the Bali Action Plan, to work towards identifying a global goal for substantially reducing global emissions by 2050, and to consider it at its seventeenth session;” 

Scope: 
International

“6. Also agrees that Parties should cooperate in achieving the peaking of global and national greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible, recognizing that the time frame for peaking will be longer in developing countries, and bearing in mind that social and economic development and poverty eradication are the first and overriding priorities of developing countries and that a low-carbon development strategy is indispensable to sustainable development. In this context,   further agrees to work towards identifying a timeframe for global peaking of greenhouse gas emissions based on the best available scientific knowledge and equitable access to sustainable development, and to consider it at its seventeenth session;” 

Scope: 
International

“40. Decides, building on existing reporting and review guidelines, processes and experiences, to enhance reporting in the national communications of Parties included in Annex I to the Convention on mitigation targets and on the provision of financial, technological and capacity-building support to developing country Parties as follows: 

(a) Developed countries should submit annual greenhouse gas inventories and inventory reports and biennial reports on their progress in achieving emission reductions, including information on mitigation actions to achieve their quantified economy-wide emissions targets and emission reductions achieved, projected emissions and on the provision of financial, technology and capacity-building support to developing country Parties; 

(b) Developed countries shall submit supplementary information on the achievement of quantified economy-wide emission reductions;  

(c) Developed countries shall improve the reporting of information on the provision of financial, technology and capacity-building support to developing country Parties;” 

 
Scope: 
International

“52. Decides that, in accordance with Article 4, paragraph 3, of the Convention, developed country Parties shall provide enhanced financial, technological and capacity building support for the preparation and implementation of nationally appropriate mitigation actions of developing country Parties and for enhanced reporting by these Parties;” 

Scope: 
International

“80. Decides to consider the establishment, at its seventeenth session, of one or more market-based mechanisms to enhance the cost-effectiveness of, and to promote, mitigation actions, taking into account the following: 

(a) Ensuring voluntary participation of Parties, supported by the promotion of fair and equitable access for all Parties; 

(b) Complementing other means of support for nationally appropriate mitigation actions by developing country Parties; 

(c) Stimulating mitigation across broad segments of the economy; 

(d) Safeguarding environmental integrity; 

(e) Ensuring a net decrease and/or avoidance of global greenhouse gas emissions; 

(f) Assisting developed country Parties to meet part of their mitigation targets, while ensuring that the use of such mechanism or mechanisms is supplemental to domestic mitigation efforts; 

(g) Ensuring good governance and robust market functioning and regulation;” 

 
Scope: 
International

“83. Undertakes, in developing and implementing the mechanism or mechanisms referred to in paragraph 80 above, to maintain and build upon existing mechanisms, including those established under the Kyoto Protocol;” 

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Climate Change - Adaptation

“Recalling its decision 1/CP.13 (the Bali Action Plan), and decision 1/CP.15... 

...Reaffirming the commitment to enable the full, effective and sustained implementation of the Convention through long-term cooperative action, now, up to and beyond 2012, in order to achieve the ultimate objective of the Convention,...” 

 
Scope: 
International

“Noting resolution 10/4 of the United Nations Human Rights Council on ‘human rights and climate change’, which recognizes that the adverse effects of climate change have a range of direct and indirect implications for the effective enjoyment of human rights and that the effects of climate change will be felt most acutely by those segments of the population that are already vulnerable owing to geography, gender, age, indigenous or minority status and disability.” 

Scope: 
International

“2. Further affirms that:  

...(b) Adaptation must be addressed with the same priority as mitigation and requires appropriate institutional arrangements to enhance adaptation action and support;...” 

 
Scope: 
International

“13. Decides to hereby establish the Cancun Adaptation Framework encompassing the provisions laid out below, with the objective of enhancing action on adaptation, including through international cooperation and coherent consideration of matters relating to adaptation under the Convention;”  

Scope: 
International

“14. Invites all Parties to enhance action on adaptation under the Cancun Adaptation Framework...by undertaking, inter alia, the following:

(a) Planning, prioritizing and implementing adaptation actions, including projects and programmes, and actions identified in national and sub national adaptation plans and strategies, national adaptation programmes of action of the least developed countries, national communications, technology needs assessments and other relevant national planning documents; 

(b) Impact, vulnerability and adaptation assessments, including assessments of financial needs as well as economic, social and environmental evaluation of adaptation options; 

(c) Strengthening institutional capacities and enabling environments for adaptation, including for climate-resilient development and vulnerability reduction;” 

 
Scope: 
International

 “14. Invites all Parties to enhance action on adaptation under the Cancun Adaptation Framework...by undertaking, inter alia, the following:

(f) Measures to enhance understanding, coordination and cooperation with regard to climate change induced displacement, migration and planned relocation, where appropriate, at national, regional and international levels;...” 

 
Scope: 
International

“15. Decides to hereby establish a process to enable least developed country Parties to formulate and implement national adaptation plans, building upon their experience in preparing and implementing national adaptation programmes of action, as a means of identifying medium and long-term adaptation needs and developing and implementing strategies and programmes to address those needs;” 

Scope: 
International

“18. Requests developed country Parties to provide developing country Parties, taking into account the needs of those  that are particularly vulnerable, with long-term, scaled-up, predictable, new and additional finance, technology, and capacity-building, consistent with relevant provisions, to implement urgent, short-, medium- and long-term adaptation actions, plans, programmes and projects at local, national, sub-regional and regional levels, in and across different economic and social sectors and ecosystems, as well as to undertake the activities referred to in paragraphs 14-16, above and paragraphs 30, 32 and 33 below; “ 

Scope: 
International