Assembly of the African Union, Sirte Declaration on the Challenges of Implementing Integrated and Sustainable Development on Agriculture and Water in Africa, Sirte, Libya, 27 February 2004

Sectors : Agricultural and biotechnology, Agricultural investment and production, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, Water and Sanitation, International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade, Disaster risk reduction and reconstruction, Food security, Gender and social development, Financial Institutions, markets, services and microfinance, Regional cooperation and integration, Regional trade
Organisation : AU
Date made: 
2004
Level: 
Heads Of State

Commitments in: Technology - Agricultural and biotechnology

“WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:
...5. Promote the strengthening of Centres of Excellence and/or networks and their establishment where they do not exist for crops, animals, forestry, fisheries, range management, water management, desertification, drought, floods and environmental management and the strengthening of related tertiary and research institutions at continental and regional levels for the purpose of carrying out research in biotechnology (including Genetically Modified Organisms), conservation of agricultural biodiversity, biosafety, food storage, water harvesting and application, etc;”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Infrastructure - Water and Sanitation

“WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:
...9. Support the African Ministerial Council on Water (AMCOW) in its role of preparing plans and policies related to water resource management on the continent and request the Chairperson of the AU Commission to adapt the mandates, structures and activities of AMCOW, the African Ministers Conference of Environment and the African Ministers Conference of Agriculture in order to integrate them into the activities of the Commission of the African Union and its Specialised Technical Committees;

10. Encourage bilateral agreements on shared water resources and Enjoin the Regional Economic Communities to develop appropriate regional protocols to guide integrated water resources management;

11. Strengthen existing river and lake water basins organizations where they exist and establish new ones wherever appropriate to inter alia:

• Develop and promote water resources through support to infrastructure projects, including the construction of dams and canals, sinking of wells and providing irrigation equipment;

• Exploit water falls to provide electric power and link it to the Continent’s general network.

• Carry out studies on untapped water in areas where it is available in large quantities to benefit the continent in accordance with the principles of international law, including the protocols concluded among all the riparian States.

12. Adopt the African Water Facility and acknowledge the African Water Vision 2025 for a comprehensive integrated development of the water sector;”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Trade - International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade

“WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:
...17. Ensure coordination of African positions at WTO and other international trade negotiations fora in order to secure better terms of trade and to increase the share of the Continent in the world trade;”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Agriculture - Food security

“WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:
...7. Enhance Early Warning Systems at regional level and their establishment where they do not exist as well as their coordination at continental level in order to avert the negative impact of drought, de sertification, floods, natural disasters and pests;

8. Establish an information network in the field of agricultural production for food security and the trading of commodities between markets and countries.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Agriculture - Agricultural investment and production

“WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:
1. Identify and support the development and production of strategic agricultural commodities and other key economic and industrial activities, in order to fully exploit the continent’s special potentialities and comparative advantages of Member States in agricultural production and other economic activities, while reducing the expenditure and dependence on imports;

2. Promote the development of livestock production including the improvement of natural pastures, distribution of veterinary products, and genetic resources with a view to improving food security;

3. Promote the development of fishery resources, develop fishing methods and equipment, improve facilities for their preservation, storage, distribution and processing, and encourage regional cooperation in the field of fishing, including the protection of fishery resources in our exclusive economic zones;

4. Promote the development of agricultural implements, livestock and fishery equipment as well as the techniques for the manufacturing of the necessary equipment to meet the continent’s needs for agricultural production;”

Scope: 
Africa

“WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:
...6. Strengthen banks for genetic resources for agriculture and livestock at regional level and promote their establishment where they do not exist, as well as provide for registration of intellectual property rights;”

Scope: 
Africa

“WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:
...18. Develop a common and coherent policy framework for public-private cooperation that will attract increased private capital into the agriculture and water sectors;”

Scope: 
Africa

“WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:
...20. Ensure gender balance in access to training, education, land, natural resources, loans and development programmes;”

Scope: 
Africa

“WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:
...21. Expedite action on the establishment of the African Investment Bank to ensure the financing of, inter alia, development projects in the field of agriculture and water;”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Other

“WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:
...13. Immediately establish the African Common Market for agricultural products, according to the Lusaka Summit decision;

14. Promote intra-African trade in agricultural and fishery products in order to correct discrepancies in food balances at both national and regional levels, and explore the use of new methods to settle payments for trade;

15. Develop clear strategies in the field of export-oriented industries, promote regional cooperation and integration based on comparative advantages in establishing industries in particular, those required by agricultural development programme;”

Scope: 
Africa