Assembly of the African Union 11th Ordinary Session Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, 30 June-1 July 2008

Sectors : Climate change - general, Water and Sanitation, Investment, Food security, Agricultural investment and production, Disaster risk reduction and reconstruction, Financial Institutions, markets, services and microfinance
Organisation : AU
Date made: 
2008
Level: 
Heads Of State

Commitments in: Infrastructure - Water and Sanitation

“WE, the Heads of State and Government of the African Union...

...WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:
(a) Increase our efforts to implement our past declarations related to water and sanitation.

(b) Raise the profile of sanitation by addressing the gaps in the context of the 2008 eThekwini Ministerial Declaration on sanitation in Africa adopted by AMCOW.

(c) Address issues pertaining to agricultural water use for food security as provided for in the Ministerial Declaration and outcomes of the first African Water Week.

And particularly;
(d) Develop and/or update national water management policies, regulatory frameworks, and programmes, and prepare national strategies and action plans for achieving the MDG targets for water and sanitation over the next seven (7) years;

(e) Create conducive environment to enhance the effective engagement of local authorities and the private sector;

(f) Ensure the equitable and sustainable use, as well as promote integrated management and development, of national and shared water resources in Africa;

(g) Build institutional and human resources capacity at all levels including the decentralized local government level for programme implementation, enhance information and knowledge management as well as strengthen monitoring and evaluation;”

Scope: 
Africa

“...WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:...
...(h) Put in place adaptation measures to improve the resilience of our countries to the increasing threat of climate change and variability to our water resources and our capacity to meet the water and sanitation targets;”

Scope: 
Africa

“...WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:...
...(i) Significantly increase domestic financial resources allocated for implementing national and regional water and sanitation development activities and Call upon Ministers of water and finance to develop appropriate investment plans;”

Scope: 
Africa

“...WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:...
...(j) Develop local financial instruments and markets for investments in the water and sanitation sectors;”

Scope: 
Africa

“...WE COMMIT OURSELVES TO:..
(k) Mobilize increased donor and other financing for the water and sanitation initiatives including national projects and Rural Water and Sanitation Initiatives, the African Water Facility; Water for African Cities programme and the NEPAD Infrastructure Project Preparation Facility, as committed in the G8 Initiatives on water and sanitation;

(l) Promote effective engagement of African civil society and public participation in water and sanitation activities and programmes;

(m) Promote programming that addresses the role and interests of youth and women, given that the burden of poor water and sanitation falls disproportionately on women and children;

(n) Strengthen AMCOW as a key regional mechanism, and other regional stakeholders, as relevant, for promoting cooperation on water and sanitation;

(o) Strengthen AMCOW’s initiative on sustainable management of water resources, to implement its roadmap for the African Groundwater Commission;

(p) Strengthen partnership at all levels in our countries and between Regional Economic Communities as well as with the international development agencies and promote public-private partnerships with the view to fast tracking actions towards meeting the MDG on water and sanitation in our continent...”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Agriculture - Food security

“We, the Heads of State and Government of the African Union...
...DECLARE our firm commitment to:

1. Reduce by half the number of undernourished people in Africa by 2015 and eradicating hunger and malnutrition in the Continent.

2. Take all necessary measures to increase agricultural production and ensure food security in Africa, in particular through the implementation of Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme of NEPAD and the Maputo Declaration of July 2003."

Scope: 
Africa

“We…DECLARE our firm commitment to:...
...3. Support the following thematic priority-options:

• Increase food production and productivity for key commodities by improving access to agricultural inputs for diversified cropping and livestock production systems including targeted SMART subsidies (fertiliser, improved seeds, better access to technologies and innovations);

• Improve production of fertilizers from existing plants and explore the possibility of establishing new ones based on the availability of raw materials in the region;

• Support national and regional food initiatives to stabilize prices, and serve as emergency stock;”

Scope: 
Africa

“We…DECLARE our firm commitment to:...
• ...Strengthen food security and agricultural information and early warning systems that are sustainable with key stakeholder participation;”

Scope: 
Africa

“We…DECLARE our firm commitment to:...
...4. Address the challenges posed by the high food prices through the following measures:

(a) Immediate/ short terms responses:

• Immediate assistance to the vulnerable segments of populations through targeted food assistance and safety net measures including cash and/or food transfers to combat hunger and malnutrition;

• Intensify agricultural production and productivity through the use of targeted input subsidies, particularly fertilizer and improved seed, and enhance access to water and small scale irrigation;

• Improve post harvest management to minimize crop storage losses and enhance processing;

(b) Medium to long-term responses:

• Invest in appropriate social safety nets and interventions that include both protective actions to mitigate short-term risks and preventative actions to preclude long-term negative consequences;

• Scale up investments for sustained agricultural growth including expanded public spending for rural infrastructure (roads, markets, irrigation and water harvesting techniques, etc.), services (micro-finance, market information systems, insurance programmes, etc.), agricultural research and technology development and transfer (increased productivity, post-harvest management, extension, etc.);

• Enhance sustainable land management practices including soil and water management and conservation;

• Enhance institutional and human capacities for agricultural development;

• Review bio-fuel policies to make more grains and oilseeds currently used for fuel available for food and feed...

...We commit ourselves to mobilize all means to alleviate the suffering caused by the situation of rising food prices and to strengthen agricultural development raising production and productivity as a solution to the challenges facing Africa.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Agriculture - Agricultural investment and production

“We…DECLARE our firm commitment to:...
• ...Introduce and support agricultural insurance systems and micro credit;”

Scope: 
Africa

“We…DECLARE our firm commitment to:...
• ...Increase production by improved sustainable soil fertility management including conservation agriculture technologies;

• Enhance food processing, credit systems, and use of improved storage, and minimize post harvest losses;

• Promote indigenous crops and technologies for production and processing of nutrient-rich crops;

• Improve logistics capacity to move emergency supplies and agricultural inputs.”

Scope: 
Africa