Cotonou 2000 ACP-EU Agreement

Sectors : Employment and Training, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, Investment, Political governance, International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade, Sustainable development
Organisation : EU
Date made: 
2000
Level: 
Heads Of State
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Commitments in: Private Sector development and financial services for the poor - Employment and Training

“ARTICLE 20

The Approach

The objectives of ACP-EC development cooperation shall be pursued through integrated strategies that incorporate economic, social, cultural, environmental and institutional elements that must be locally owned. Cooperation shall thus provide a coherent enabling framework of support to the ACP’s own development strategies, ensuring complementarity and interaction between the various elements. In this context and within the framework of development policies and reforms pursued by the ACP States, ACP-EC cooperation strategies shall aim at:

(a) achieving rapid and sustained job-creating economic growth, developing the private sector, increasing employment, improving access to productive economic activities and resource, and fostering regional cooperation and integration;
(b) promoting human and social development helping to ensure that the fruits of growth are widely and equitably shared and promoting gender equality;
(c) promoting cultural values of communities and specific interactions with economic, political and social elements;
(d) promoting institutional reforms and development, strengthening the institutions necessary for the consolidation of democracy, good governance and for efficient and competitive market economies; and building capacity for development and partnership; and
(e) promoting environmental sustainability, regeneration and best practices, and the preservation of natural resource base.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Trade - International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade

“ARTICLE 49

Trade and Environment

1. The Parties reaffirm their commitment to promoting the development of international trade in such a way as to ensure sustainable and sound management of the environment, in accordance with the international conventions and undertakings in this area and with due regard to their respective level of development. They agree that the special needs and requirements of ACP States should be taken into account in the design and implementation of environment measures...”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Environment - Environmental degradation and natural resource management

“ARTICLE 32
Environment and natural resources

1. Cooperation on environmental protection and sustainable utilisation and management of natural resources shall aim at:

(a) mainstreaming environmental sustainability into all aspects of development cooperation and support programmes and projects implemented by the various actors;

(b) building and/or strengthening the scientific and technical human and institutional capacity for environmental management for all environmental stakeholders;

(c) supporting specific measures and schemes aimed at addressing critical sustainable management issues and also relating to current and future regional and international commitments concerning mineral and natural resources such as:
(i) tropical forests, water resources, coastal, marine and fisheries resources, wildlife, soils, biodiversity;
(ii) protection of fragile ecosystems (e.g. coral reef);
(iii) renewable energy sources notably solar energy and energy efficiency;
(iv) sustainable rural and urban development;
(v) desertification, drought and deforestation;
(vi) developing innovative solutions to urban environmental problems; and
(vii) promotion of sustainable tourism.

(d) Taking into account issues relating to the transport and disposal of hazardous waste.

2. Cooperation shall also take account of:
(a) the vulnerability of small island ACP countries, especially to the threat posed by climate change;
(b) the worsening drought and desertification problems especially of least developed and land-locked countries; and
(c) institutional development and capacity building.”

Scope: 
Africa