Cotonou 2000 ACP-EU Agreement

Sectors : Agricultural investment and production, Employment and Training, Financial Institutions, markets, services and microfinance, ICT, Industry, Infrastructure General, International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade, Transport, Health systems, medicines and regulation, HIV/AIDS, Primary and basic education, Water and Sanitation
Organisation : EU
Date made: 
Heads Of State
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Commitments in: Private Sector development and financial services for the poor - Employment and Training


Economic sector development

Cooperation shall support sustainable policy and institutional reforms and the investments necessary for equitable access to economic activities and productive resources, particularly:

(a) the development of training systems that help increase productivity in both the formal and the informal sectors;
(b) capital, credit, land, especially as regards property rights and use;
(c) development of rural strategies aimed at establishing a framework for participatory decentralised planning, resource allocation and management;
(d) agricultural production strategies, national and regional food security policies, sustainable development of water resources and fisheries as well as marine resources within the economic exclusive zones of the ACP States. Any fishery agreement that may be negotiated between the Community and the ACP States shall pay due consideration to consistency with the development strategies in this area;
(e) economic and technological infrastructure and services, including transport, telecommunication systems, communication services and the development of information society;
(f) development of competitive industrial, mining and energy sectors, while encouraging private sector involvement and development;
(g) trade development, including the promotion of fair trade;
(h) development of business, finance and banking; and other service sectors;
(i) tourism development; and
(j) development of scientific, technological and research infrastructure and services; including the enhancement, transfer and absorption of new technologies;
(k) the strengthening of capacities in productive areas, especially in public and private sectors.”


Commitments in: Infrastructure - ICT


Information and Communication Technologies, and Information Society...

...2. They therefore reconfirm their respective commitments under existing multilateral agreements, in particular the protocol on Basic Telecommunications attached to the GATS, and invite those ACP countries, which are not yet members of these agreements, to accede to them...

...4. The Parties will therefore take measures that will enable inhabitants of ACP countries easy access to information and communication technologies, through, amongst other, the following measures:

– the development and encouragement of the use of affordable renewable energy resources;

– the development and deployment of more extensive low-cost wireless networks.”


Commitments in: Infrastructure - Transport

“...ARTICLE 42

Maritime Transport

4. The Community shall support the ACP States’ efforts to develop and promote cost-effective and efficient maritime transport services in the ACP States with a view to increasing the participation of ACP operators in international shipping services.”


Commitments in: Education - Primary and basic education


Social sector development

1. Cooperation shall support ACP States’ efforts at developing general and sectoral policies and reforms which improve the coverage, quality of and access to basic social infrastructure and services and take account of local needs and specific demands of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged, thus reducing the inequalities of access to these services. Special attention shall be paid to ensuring adequate levels of public spending in the social sectors. In this context, cooperation shall aim at:

(a) improving education and training, and building technical capacity and skills;
(b) improving health systems and nutrition, eliminating hunger and malnutrition, ensuring adequate food supply and security;
(c) integrating population issues into development strategies in order to improve reproductive health, primary health care, family planning; and prevention of female genital mutilation;
(d) promoting the fight against HIV/AIDS;
(e) increasing the security of household water and improving access to safe water and adequate sanitation;
(f) improving the availability of affordable and adequate shelter for all through supporting low-cost and low-income housing programs and improving urban development; and
(g) encouraging the promotion of participatory methods of social dialogue as well as respect for basic social rights.

2. Cooperation shall also support capacity-building in social areas such as programmes for training in the design of social policies and modern methods for managing social projects and programmes; policies conducive to technological innovation and research; building local expertise and promoting partnerships; and round-table discussions at national and/or regional level.

3. Cooperation shall promote and support the development and implementation of policies and of systems of social protection and security in order to enhance social cohesion and to promote self-help and community solidarity. The focus of the support shall, inter-alia, be on developing initiatives based on economic solidarity, particularly by setting-up social development funds adapted to local needs and actors.”