Millennium Development Goals: EU Contribution to the Review of the MDGs at the UN 2005 High Level Event, 24 May 2005

Sectors : Quality of aid, Debt relief, Aid volume, Labour migration, Peace-building and peacekeeping, Small and Light Weapons, Political governance, Institutional development, Transport, Energy, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, General health and health funding, Primary and basic education, Water and Sanitation, International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade, Regional cooperation and integration, Regional trade, Agriculture, ICT, Disaster risk reduction and reconstruction, Sustainable development, Climate change - general
Organisation : EU
Date made: 
2005
Level: 
Heads Of State

Commitments in: Financing for Development - Quality of aid

“FINANCING FOR DEVELOPMENT

...Aid effectiveness

...9. In preparation of the Paris High Level Forum the Council has adopted, on 22 of November 2004, a comprehensive EU response with the report on ‘Advancing coordination, harmonisation and alignment’. The EU will ensure implementation of the concrete recommendations contained therein, including a more effective framework for development assistance at the EU level and division of labour and complementarity at country level in the context of joint, multi-annual programming based on the partner country’s poverty reduction strategies.

10. The EU is fully committed to a timely implementation and monitoring of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness including setting monitorable targets for 2010 and of the EU specific commitments adopted at the Paris Forum.

11. In order to better respond to the need for stable resources and in view of the expected increases in ODA flows, the EU will develop new, more predictable and less volatile aid mechanisms. Such mechanisms could consist in the provision of a minimum level of budgetary aid secured in a medium term perspective and linked to policy performance in the partner countries in particular in relation to the commitment towards achieving the MDGs in national poverty reduction strategies.”

Scope: 
International

“POLICY COHERENCE FOR DEVELOPMENT

18. The EU recognises the importance of non-development policies for assisting developing countries in achieving the MDGs. Building on the existing Treaty obligation for the Community, the EU shall take account of the objectives of development cooperation in all policies that it implements which are likely to affect developing countries. The EU will make a specific effort to promote and enhance Policy Coherence for Development in the context of the Global Partnership for Development under MDG 8 and in support of the partner countries’ own policies and in compliance with international obligations.

19. The EU is committed to the implementation of the objectives contained in the Commission's Communication on Policy Coherence for Development dealing with the areas of Trade, Environment, Security, Agriculture, Fisheries, Social dimension of globalisation, employment and decent work, Migration, Research and innovation, Information society, Transport and Energy, as well as Climate Change as listed in the Annex to these Council Conclusions…

20. The Council will assess existing internal procedures, mechanisms and instruments to strengthen the effective integration of development concerns in its decision making procedures on non-development policies..."

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Financing for Development - Debt relief

“FINANCING FOR DEVELOPMENT

...Debt

6. The EU remains committed to finding solutions, in cooperation with International Financial Institutions, to unsustainable debt burdens, and is committed to full implementation of the enhanced HIPC initiative...

...7. The EU will continue and enhance efforts to restore and maintain debt sustainability, based on a case by case approach, including

(a) exploring possibilities for mechanisms for temporary suspension of debt servicing for developing countries affected by exogenous shocks,

(b) specific measures for post conflict countries with external arrears which, therefore, have not yet met the criteria of the HIPC initiative.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Financing for Development - Aid volume

“FINANCING FOR DEVELOPMENT

Volume of ODA

4. ...At present, four out of the five countries, which exceed the UN target for ODA of 0,7%, of GNI are member states of the European Union. Five others have committed to a timetable to reach this target. While reaffirming its determination to reach these targets, the EU agrees to a new collective EU target of 0,56 % ODA/GNI by 2010, that would result in additional annual €20bn ODA by that time.

i. Member States, which have not yet reached a level of 0,51 % ODA/GNI, undertake to reach , within their respective budget allocation processes, that level by 2010, while those that are already above that level undertake to sustain their efforts;
ii. Member States, which have joined the EU after 2002, and that have not reached a level of 0,17 % ODA/GNI, will strive to increase their ODA to reach, within their respective budget allocation processes, that level by 2010, while those that are already above that level undertake to sustain their efforts;
iii. Member States undertake to achieve the 0.7% ODA/ GNI target by 2015 whilst those which have achieved that target commit themselves to remain above that target; Member States which joined the EU after 2002 will strive to increase by 2015 their ODA/GNI to 0.33%.”

Scope: 
International

“FOCUS ON AFRICA

21. The EU considers the development of Africa a priority and will strengthen its efforts to support African countries to reach the MDGs. The EU will also strengthen its cooperation with the UN and other international partners to that end.

22. The EU will increase its financial assistance for Sub-Saharan Africa and will provide collectively at least 50% of the agreed increase of ODA resources to the continent while fully respecting individual Member States priorities’ in development assistance. All measures taken as regards policy coherence and quality of aid will be applicable to Sub-Saharan Africa as a priority.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Migration - Labour migration

“ANNEX TO THE CONCLUSIONS

THE EU COMMITMENTS ON POLICY COHERENCE FOR DEVELOPMENT

...viii. Migration: The EU will promote the synergies between migration and development, to make migration a positive factor for development.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Peace and security - Peace-building and peacekeeping

“FOCUS ON AFRICA

...25. ...The EU will increase its support to the African Union and other Sub- Regional Organisations in the field of peace and security, within the framework of the European action plan for peace and security in Africa and through the Peace Facility, bearing in mind the Council Conclusions of 17 November 2003.”

Scope: 
Africa

“ANNEX TO THE CONCLUSIONS

THE EU COMMITMENTS ON POLICY COHERENCE FOR DEVELOPMENT

...iv. Security: The EU will treat security and development as complementary agendas, with the common aim of creating a secure environment and of breaking the vicious circle of poverty, war, environmental degradation and failing economic, social and political structures. The EU will enhance its policies in support of good and effective governance and the prevention of state fragility and conflict, including by strengthening its response to difficult partnerships/failing states. The EU will strengthen the control of its arms exports, inter alia, with the aim of avoiding that EU-manufactured weaponry be used against civilian populations or aggravate existing tensions or conflicts in developing countries. The EU will promote cooperation in fighting corruption, organised crime and terrorism.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Governance - Political governance

“FOCUS ON AFRICA

...25. The EU will increase its support to the capacity building of the African Union. It will support the implementation of reforms that the Africa Peer Review Mechanism will trigger, and invites the Commission to provide concrete proposals in this respect in order to ensure optimal EU coordination."

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Infrastructure - Transport

“ANNEX TO THE CONCLUSIONS

THE EU COMMITMENTS ON POLICY COHERENCE FOR DEVELOPMENT

...xi. Transport: The EU will address the special needs of both land-locked and coastal developing countries by promoting the intermodality issues for achieving network interconnectivity as well as security and safety issues.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Infrastructure - Water and Sanitation

“FOCUS ON AFRICA

28. In order to address issues of inequality and marginalisation, and to promote social cohesion, the EU will strengthen its support to access to basic services (water and sanitation, health, education, sustainable energy …) and its support to combat environmental degradation. The progress in poverty reduction, governance, equity and sustainable development will be duly taken into account in the allocation criteria based on needs and performance. At the same time the EU will improve its assistance to post-conflict countries and fragile States.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Trade - Regional trade

“FOCUS ON AFRICA

...27. Focusing on trade and regional integration as instruments for development, the Council remains committed to ensure that the EPA process is firmly focuses on accelerating development including the strengthening of the supply side capacity and competitiveness, in particular by focusing on the following areas:

• Economic governance;
• Trade related assistance and capacity building, including the development of home markets;
• Targeted support measures in key areas such as cotton, sugar and textiles;
• Identification of resources to support adjustment measures;
• An ambitious trade facilitation agenda;
• Addressing agriculture as a key element in the negotiations and supporting the development of regional agricultural markets based on adequate market regulation;
• Supporting African partners to become more active players in the framework of multilateral trade, and enhance South-South trade...”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Trade - International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade

“ANNEX TO THE CONCLUSIONS

THE EU COMMITMENTS ON POLICY COHERENCE FOR DEVELOPMENT

i. Trade: The EU is strongly committed to ensuring a development-friendly and sustainable outcome of the Doha Development Agenda and EU-ACP Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs). The EU will further improve its Generalised System of Preferences, with a view to effectively enhancing developing countries’ exports to the EU. The EU will continue to work towards integrating trade into development strategies and will assist developing countries in carrying out domestic reforms where necessary.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Agriculture

“ANNEX TO THE CONCLUSIONS

THE EU COMMITMENTS ON POLICY COHERENCE FOR DEVELOPMENT

...v. Agriculture: The EU will continue its efforts to minimise the level of trade distortion related to its support measures to the agricultural sector, and to facilitate developing countries’ agricultural development.

vi. Fisheries: The EU will continue to pay particular attention to the development objectives of the countries with which the Community will engage into bilateral fisheries agreements. Within the context of the new EU policy on fisheries partnership agreements with third countries which is being implemented since 2003, the EU will continue to encourage the conclusion of fisheries agreements in order to contribute towards rational and sustainable exploitation of the surplus of coastal States’ marine resources to the mutual benefit of both parties.”

Scope: 
International

“ANNEX TO THE CONCLUSIONS

THE EU COMMITMENTS ON POLICY COHERENCE FOR DEVELOPMENT...

...ix. Research and innovation: The EU will promote the integration of development objectives, where appropriate, into its RTD and innovation policies, and will continue to assist developing countries in enhancing their domestic capacities in this area. The EU supports global, regional and national efforts in research for development to address the special needs of the poor in the areas of health, including prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS, agriculture, natural resource and environmental management, energy, in particular renewable energy and energy efficiency, and climate.

x. Information society: The EU will address the digital divide by exploiting the potential of Information and Communication Technologies as a development tool and as a significant resource for attaining the MDGs.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Disaster risk reduction and humanitarian assistance - Disaster risk reduction and reconstruction

“FINANCING FOR DEVELOPMENT...

Exogenous shocks

12. In order to mitigate the impact of exogenous shocks, including price vulnerability, on developing countries’ economies, the EU will support the operationalisation of market based insurance schemes and explore possibilities for temporary suspension of debt servicing on a case by case basis. Further, the EU will strengthen and improve access to existing financing mechanisms such as those provided for in the Cotonou Agreement (FLEX) to give short-term cover against the impact of such shocks on countries’ revenue.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Environment - Sustainable development

“ANNEX TO THE CONCLUSIONS

THE EU COMMITMENTS ON POLICY COHERENCE FOR DEVELOPMENT...

...ii. Environment: The EU will lead global efforts to curb unsustainable consumption and production patterns. The EU will assist developing countries in implementing the Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), and will work to ensure that the capacities of developing countries are taken into account during MEA negotiations. The EU will continue to promote pro-poor environment-related initiatives and policies, and will strengthen the integration of environmental and climate change concerns into its own polices.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Climate Change - Climate change - general

“ANNEX TO THE CONCLUSIONS

THE EU COMMITMENTS ON POLICY COHERENCE FOR DEVELOPMENT...

...iii. Climate Change: The EU recognizes that one of the greatest environmental and development challenges in the twenty-first century is that of mitigation and adapting to climate change, and that lasting progress in achieving the MDG’s will be enhanced by the success of the international community in implementing the Kyoto Protocol and reinvigorating the international negotiations to ensure a post 2012 arrangement in the context of the UN climate change process. In this context the EU reconfirms its commitment to the Kyoto Protocol and its determination to develop a medium and long-term EU-strategy to combat climate change, consistent with meeting the 2 degree objective as outlined in the European Council’s conclusions of the 23rd of March 2005.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Health - General health and health funding

“FOCUS ON AFRICA…

...29. The EU, together with other donors, will contribute to ensure adequate and predictable funding to fight HIV/AIDS, Malaria and TB.”

Scope: 
Africa