The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), October 2001

Sectors : Agricultural and biotechnology, Agricultural investment and production, Disaster risk reduction and reconstruction, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, Financial Institutions, markets, services and microfinance, Sustainable development, Food security, Water and Sanitation, Industry
Organisation : AU
Date made: 
2001
Level: 
Heads Of State
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Commitments in: Agriculture - Agricultural investment and production

154. Objectives
- To improve the productivity of agriculture, with particular attention to small-scale and women farmers;

- To ensure food security for all people and increase the access of the poor to adequate food and nutrition;

- To promote measures against natural resource degradation and encourage production methods that are environmentally sustainable;

- To integrate the rural poor into the market economy and provide them with better access to export markets;

- To develop Africa into a net exporter of agricultural products;

- To become a strategic player in the development of agricultural science and technology.

155. Actions
At the African level:

- Increase the security of water supply for agriculture by establishing small-scale irrigation facilities, improving local water management, and increasing the exchange of information and technical know-how with the international community;

- Improve land tenure security under traditional and modern forms of tenure, and promote the necessary land reform;

Foster regional, subregional, national and household food security through the development and management of increased production, transport, storage and marketing of food crops, livestock and fisheries. Particular attention must also be given to the needs of the poor, as well as the establishment of early warning systems to monitor droughts and crop production;

- Enhance agricultural credit and financing schemes, and improve access to credit by small-scale and women farmers;

- Reduce the heavy urban bias of public spending in Africa by transferring resources from urban to rural activities.

At the international level:

- Develop new partnership schemes to address donor fatigue for individual, high-profile agricultural projects;…

...- Promote access to international markets by improving the quality of African produce and agricultural products, particularly processed products, to meet the standards required by those markets;

- Support African networking with external partners in the areas of agricultural technology and know-how, extension services and rural infrastructure;

- Support investment in research in the areas of high-yield crops and durable preservation and storage methods;

- Provide support for building national and regional capacity for multilateral trade negotiations, including food sanitation and other agricultural trade regulations.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Environment - Environmental degradation and natural resource management

“12. Africa has a very important role to play with regard to the critical issue of protecting the environment. African resources include rainforests, the virtually carbon dioxide-free atmosphere above the continent and the minimal presence of toxic effluents in the rivers and soils that interact with the Atlantic and Indian Oceans and the Mediterranean and Red Seas. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development will contain a strategy for nurturing these resources and using them for the development of the African continent while, at the same time preserving them for all humanity...

...138. The Environment Initiative has targeted eight subthemes for priority interventions:

Combating Desertification. Initial interventions are envisaged to rehabilitate degraded land and to address the factors that led to such degradation. Many of these steps will need to be labour intensive, along the lines of ‘public works programme’., thereby contributing to the social development needs of the continent. The initial interventions will serve as best practices or prototypes for future interventions in this area;

Wetland Conservation. This involves the implementation of African best practices on wetland conservation, where social and ecological benefits are derived from private sector investment in this area;

Invasive Alien Species. Partnerships are sought to prevent and control invasive alien species. These partnerships are critical for both the preservation of the ecosystems and for economic well-being. Major labour-intensive initiatives are possible;

Coastal Management. In protecting and utilising coastal resources to optimal effect, best practices are again suggested from which a broader programme can be drawn up;

Global Warming. The initial focus will be on monitoring and regulating the impact of climate change. Labour-intensive work is essential and critical to integrated fire management projects;

Cross-border Conservation Areas. This subtheme seeks to build on the emerging initiatives, seeking partnerships across countries to boost conservation and tourism and thus create jobs;

Environmental Governance. This relates to securing institutional, legal, planning, training and capacity-building requirements that underpin all of the above;

Financing. A carefully structured and fair system for financing is required.”

Scope: 
Africa

“156. Objectives
- To improve the quality of mineral resource information;

- To create a regulatory framework that is conducive to the development of the mining sector;

- To establish best practices that will ensure efficient extraction of natural resources and minerals of high quality.

“157. Actions
At the African level:

- Harmonise policies and regulations to ensure compliance with minimum levels of operational practices;

- Harmonise commitments to reduce the perceived investment risk in Africa;

- Harmonise information sources on business opportunities for investments;

- Enhance collaboration with a view to knowledge-sharing and value addition to natural resources;

- Enforce principles of value addition (beneficiation) for investments in the African mining sector;

- Establish an African School of Mining System for the development and production of education, skills and training at all levels. This could be achieved through collaboration among existing schools.”

Scope: 
Africa