The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), October 2001

Sectors : Employment and Training, Regional trade, Infrastructure General, Investment, ICT, Labour migration, Transport, Agricultural investment and production, Climate change - general, Food security, Water and Sanitation, Energy, Agricultural and biotechnology, Disaster risk reduction and reconstruction, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, Financial Institutions, markets, services and microfinance, Sustainable development, Primary and basic education, Education, Gender, Health
Organisation : AU
Date made: 
Heads Of State
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Commitments in: Infrastructure - Infrastructure General

“102. Objectives
- To improve access to, and affordability and reliability of, infrastructure services for both firms and households;

- To enhance regional cooperation and trade through expanded cross-border development of infrastructure;

- To increase financial investments in infrastructure by lowering risks facing private investors, especially in the area of policy and regulatory frameworks;

- To build adequate knowledge and skills in technology and engineering with a view to installing, operating and maintaining hard infrastructure networks in Africa.

103. Actions
- With the assistance of sector-specialised agencies, put in place policy and legislative frameworks to encourage competition. At the same time, introduce new regulatory frameworks and build capacity for regulators, so as to promote policy and regulatory harmonisation in order to facilitate cross-border interaction and market enlargement;

- Increase investment in infrastructure, especially refurbishment, and improve system maintenance practices that will sustain infrastructure;

- Initiate the development of training institutions and networks that can develop and produce highly skilled technicians and engineers in all infrastructure sectors;

- Promote community and user involvement in infrastructure construction, maintenance and management, especially in poor urban and rural areas, in collaboration with the governance initiatives of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development;

- Work with the African Development Bank and other development finance institutions on the continent to mobilise sustainable financing, especially through multilateral processes, institutions and donor governments, with a view to securing grant and concessional finance to mitigate medium-term risks;

- Promote public-private partnerships (PPPs) as a promising vehicle for attracting private investors, and focus public funding on the pressing needs of the poor, by building capacity to implement and monitor such agreements;...”


Commitments in: Infrastructure - ICT

“107. Objectives
- To double teledensity to two lines per 100 people by 2005, with an adequate level of access for households;

- To lower the cost and improve reliability of service;

- To achieve e-readiness for all countries in Africa;

- To develop and produce a pool of ICT-proficient youth and students from whichAfrica can draw trainee ICT engineers, programmers and software developers;

- To develop local-content software, based especially on Africa’s cultural legacy.

108. Actions
- Work with regional agencies such as the African Telecommunications Union andAfrica Connection to design model policy and legislation for telecommunications reform, and protocols and templates for e-readiness assessments;

- Work with the regional agencies to build regulatory capacity;

- Establish a network of training and research institutions to build high-level manpower;

- Promote and accelerate existing projects to connect schools and youth centres;

- Work with development finance institutions in Africa, multilateral initiatives (G-8 DotForce, UN Task Force) and bilateral donors to establish financial mechanisms for mitigating and reducing sector risks.”


Commitments in: Infrastructure - Transport

“111. Objectives
- To reduce delays in cross-border movement of people, goods and services;

- To reduce waiting time in ports;

- To promote economic activity and cross-border trade through improved land transport linkages;

- To increase air passenger and freight linkages across Africa’s subregions.

112. Actions
- Establish customs and immigration task teams to harmonise border crossing and visa procedures;

- Establish and nurture PPPs as well as grant concessions towards the construction,development and maintenance of ports, roads, railways and maritime transportation;

- Promote harmonisation of transport modal standards and regulations, and the increased use of multimodal transport facilities;

- Work with regional organisations to develop transport development corridors;

- Promote PPPs in the rationalisation of the airline industry and build capacity for air traffic control.”


Commitments in: Infrastructure - Water and Sanitation

“113. Objectives
- To ensure sustainable access to safe and adequate clean water supply and sanitation, especially for the poor;

- To plan and manage water resources to become a basis for national and regional cooperation and development;

- To systematically address and sustain ecosystems, biodiversity and wildlife;

- To cooperate on shared rivers among member states;

- To effectively address the threat of climate change;

- To ensure enhanced irrigation and rainfed agriculture to improve agricultural production and food security.

114. Actions
- Accelerate work on multipurpose water resource projects, e.g. the SADC Water Secretariat’s investigation of the utilisation of the Congo River, and the Nile Basin Initiative;

-Establish a task team to make plans for mitigating the negative impact of climate change in Africa;

- Collaborate with the Global Environmental Sanitation Initiative (GESI) in promoting sanitary waste disposal methods and projects;

- Support the UN Habitat programme on water conservation in African cities.”


Commitments in: Infrastructure - Energy

“109. Objectives...
...Given the uneven distribution of these resources on the African continent, it is recommended that the search for abundant and cheap energy should focus on rationalising the territorial distribution of existing but unevenly allocated energy resources. Furthermore, Africa should strive to develop its abundant solar energy resources;

- To increase Africans. access to reliable and affordable commercial energy supply from 10 to 35 per cent or more within 20 years;

- To improve the reliability and lower the cost of energy supply to productive activities in order to enable economic growth of 6 per cent per annum;

- To reverse environmental degradation that is associated with the use of traditional fuels in rural areas;

- To exploit and develop the hydropower potential of the river basins of Africa;

- To integrate transmission grids and gas pipelines so as to facilitate cross-border energy flows;

- To reform and harmonise petroleum regulations and legislation on the continent

110. Actions
- Establish an African Forum for Utility Regulation and establish regional regulatory associations;

- Establish a task force to recommend priorities and implementation strategies for regional projects, including hydropower generation, transmission grids and gas pipelines;

- Establish a task team to accelerate the development of energy supply to low-income housing;

- Broaden the scope of the programme for biomass energy conservation from theSouthern African Development Community (SADC) to the rest of the continent.”


Commitments in: Agriculture - Agricultural investment and production

154. Objectives
- To improve the productivity of agriculture, with particular attention to small-scale and women farmers;

- To ensure food security for all people and increase the access of the poor to adequate food and nutrition;

- To promote measures against natural resource degradation and encourage production methods that are environmentally sustainable;

- To integrate the rural poor into the market economy and provide them with better access to export markets;

- To develop Africa into a net exporter of agricultural products;

- To become a strategic player in the development of agricultural science and technology.

155. Actions
At the African level:

- Increase the security of water supply for agriculture by establishing small-scale irrigation facilities, improving local water management, and increasing the exchange of information and technical know-how with the international community;

- Improve land tenure security under traditional and modern forms of tenure, and promote the necessary land reform;

Foster regional, subregional, national and household food security through the development and management of increased production, transport, storage and marketing of food crops, livestock and fisheries. Particular attention must also be given to the needs of the poor, as well as the establishment of early warning systems to monitor droughts and crop production;

- Enhance agricultural credit and financing schemes, and improve access to credit by small-scale and women farmers;

- Reduce the heavy urban bias of public spending in Africa by transferring resources from urban to rural activities.

At the international level:

- Develop new partnership schemes to address donor fatigue for individual, high-profile agricultural projects;…

...- Promote access to international markets by improving the quality of African produce and agricultural products, particularly processed products, to meet the standards required by those markets;

- Support African networking with external partners in the areas of agricultural technology and know-how, extension services and rural infrastructure;

- Support investment in research in the areas of high-yield crops and durable preservation and storage methods;

- Provide support for building national and regional capacity for multilateral trade negotiations, including food sanitation and other agricultural trade regulations.”


Commitments in: Education - Primary and basic education

“117. Objectives
-To work with donors and multilateral institutions to ensure that the IDG of achieving universal primary education by 2015 is realised;

- To work for improvements in curriculum development, quality improvements and access to ICT;

- To expand access to secondary education and improve its relevance to Africa’s development;

- To promote networks of specialised research and higher education institutions.

118. Actions
- Review current initiatives jointly with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) and other major international donors;

- Review levels of expenditure on education by African countries, and lead the process of developing norms and standards for government expenditure on education;

- Set up a task force to accelerate the introduction of ICT in primary schools;

- Set up a task force to review and put forward proposals for the research capacity needed in each region of the continent...

...120. The plan supports the immediate strengthening of the university system across Africa, including the creation of specialised universities where needed, building on available African teaching staff. The need to establish and strengthen institutes of technology is especially emphasised.”