The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), October 2001

Sectors : Employment and Training, Industry, Science, research and technology general, Regional cooperation and integration, Financial Institutions, markets, services and microfinance, Domestic resource mobilisation, Investment, Regional trade, Infrastructure General, International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade, Agricultural and biotechnology, Agricultural investment and production, Disaster risk reduction and reconstruction, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, Sustainable development, Food security, Water and Sanitation
Organisation : AU
Date made: 
2001
Level: 
Heads Of State
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Commitments in: Private Sector development and financial services for the poor - Industry

“158. Objectives
- To increase the production and improve the competitiveness and diversification of the domestic private sector, especially in the agro-industrial, mining and manufacturing subsectors, with potential for exports and employment creation;

- To establish organisations on national standards in African countries;

- To harmonise the technical regulatory frameworks of African countries.

159. Actions
At the African level:

- Develop new industries or upgrade existing ones, where African countries have comparative advantages, including agro-based industries, energy and mineral resource-based industries;

- Acquire membership of the relevant international standards organizations...

...- Establish national measurement institutions to ensure harmonisation with the international metrology system. Such activities will always remain the responsibility of government;

- Ensure that testing laboratories and certification organisations are set up to support the relevant national technical regulations. Where they do not exist, such organisations should be established as soon as possible;

- Establish an accreditation infrastructure, such as the International Standards Organisation (ISO) system, which is acceptable internationally. Such an accreditation infrastructure can be nationally based where the industry is strong enough to maintain it, otherwise regional structures should be contemplated. Appropriate funding to ensure membership of international structures such as the International Accreditation Forum (IAF) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) should be made available;

- Pursue mutual recognition of test and certification results with Africa’s major trading partners. Generally, this will only be possible if the framework for standards, technical regulations, measurement, tractability and accreditation are in place and can be shown to meet international requirements.

At the international level:

- Facilitate partnership through the development of mechanisms, such as joint business councils, for information-sharing between non-African and African firms and for working towards the establishment of joint ventures and subcontracting arrangements;

- Assist in strengthening African training institutions for industrial development, particularly through the promotion of networking with international partners;

- Promote the transfer of new and appropriate technologies to African countries;

- Develop and accept a best-practice framework for technical regulations that meet both the requirements of the World Trade Organisation.s (WTO) Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) and the needs of Africa. The technical regulation frameworks of the developed countries may be too complex for many African countries;

- Establish standards bureaux, which would provide the industry and government with the necessary information on international, regional and national standards, thereby facilitating market access. These centres should be linked to the relevant international, regional and national standards information centres so that the latter can act as the national WTO/TBT enquiry points;

Ensure the development of appropriate regional and national standards through the establishment of appropriate technical committee structures representing the stakeholders of the countries, as well as managing such committees in line with ISO/IEC directives and WTO/TBT requirements.”

Scope: 
Africa

“(v) Tourism

160. Objectives
- To identify key .anchor. projects at the national and subregional levels, which will generate significant spin-offs and assist in promoting interregional economic integration;

- To develop a regional marketing strategy;

- To develop research capacity in tourism;

- To promote partnerships such as those formed via subregional bodies. Examples include the Regional Tourism Organisation of Southern Africa (RETOSA), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the SADC.

161. Actions
At the African level:

- Forge cooperative partnerships to capture the benefits of shared knowledge, as well as providing a base for other countries for entering into tourist-related activities;

- Provide the African people with the capacity to be actively involved in sustainable tourism projects at the community level;

- Prioritise consumer safety and security issues;

- Market African tourism products, especially in adventure tourism, ecotourism and cultural tourism;

- Increase regional coordination of tourism initiatives in Africa for the expansion and increased diversity of products;

- Maximise the benefits from the strong interregional demand for tourism activities, by developing specialised consumer-targeted marketing campaigns.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Private Sector development and financial services for the poor - Investment

“150. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development seeks to increase private capital flows to Africa, as an essential component of a sustainable long-term approach to filling the resource gap...

...151. The next priority is the implementation of a PPP capacity-building programme through the African Development Bank and other regional development institutions, to assist national and subnational governments in structuring and regulating transactions in the provision of infrastructural and social services.
- The third priority is to promote the deepening of financial markets within countries, as well as cross-border harmonisation and integration, via a Financial Market Integration Task Force. Initially, this will focus on the legislative and regulatory environment for the financial system.

152. Actions
- Establish a task team to carry out audits of investment-related legislation and regulation, with a view to risk reduction and harmonisation within Africa;

- Carry out a needs assessment of, and feasibility study on, financial instruments to mitigate risks associated with doing business in Africa;

- Establish an initiative to enhance the capacity of countries to implement PPPs;

- Establish a Financial Market Integration Task Force that will speed up financial market integration through establishing an international standard legislative and regulatory framework and creating a single African trading platform...”

Scope: 
Africa

“Promoting the Private Sector

163. Objectives
- To ensure a sound and conducive environment for private sector activities, with particular emphasis on domestic entrepreneurs;

- To promote foreign direct investment and trade, with special emphasis on exports;

- To develop micro-, small and medium enterprises, including the informal sector.

164. Actions
At the African level:

- Undertake measures for enhancing the entrepreneurial, managerial and technical capacities of the private sector by supporting technology acquisition, production improvements, and training and skills development;

- Strengthen chambers of commerce, trade and professional associations and their regional networks;

- Organise dialogue between the government and the private sector to develop a shared vision of economic development strategy and remove constraints on private sector development;

- Strengthen and encourage the growth of micro-, small and medium-scale industries through appropriate technical support from service institutions and civil society, and improve access to capital by strengthening microfinancing schemes, with particular attention to women entrepreneurs.

At the international level:
- Promote entrepreneurial development programmes for training managers of African firms;

- Provide technical assistance for developing an appropriate regulatory environment, promoting small, medium and micro-enterprises and establishing microfinancing schemes for the African private sector.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Infrastructure - Infrastructure General

“102. Objectives
- To improve access to, and affordability and reliability of, infrastructure services for both firms and households;

- To enhance regional cooperation and trade through expanded cross-border development of infrastructure;

- To increase financial investments in infrastructure by lowering risks facing private investors, especially in the area of policy and regulatory frameworks;

- To build adequate knowledge and skills in technology and engineering with a view to installing, operating and maintaining hard infrastructure networks in Africa.

103. Actions
- With the assistance of sector-specialised agencies, put in place policy and legislative frameworks to encourage competition. At the same time, introduce new regulatory frameworks and build capacity for regulators, so as to promote policy and regulatory harmonisation in order to facilitate cross-border interaction and market enlargement;

- Increase investment in infrastructure, especially refurbishment, and improve system maintenance practices that will sustain infrastructure;

- Initiate the development of training institutions and networks that can develop and produce highly skilled technicians and engineers in all infrastructure sectors;

- Promote community and user involvement in infrastructure construction, maintenance and management, especially in poor urban and rural areas, in collaboration with the governance initiatives of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development;

- Work with the African Development Bank and other development finance institutions on the continent to mobilise sustainable financing, especially through multilateral processes, institutions and donor governments, with a view to securing grant and concessional finance to mitigate medium-term risks;

- Promote public-private partnerships (PPPs) as a promising vehicle for attracting private investors, and focus public funding on the pressing needs of the poor, by building capacity to implement and monitor such agreements;...”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Trade - International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade

“Promoting African Exports

165. Objectives
- To improve procedures for customs and drawback/rebate schemes;

- To tackle trade barriers in international trade through the improvement of standards;

- To increase intra-regional trade through promoting cross-border interaction among African firms;

- To counter Africa’s negative image through conflict resolution and marketing;

- To deal with shortages of short-term skills through appropriate incentives and training at firm level.

166. Actions
At the African level:

- Promote intra-African trade with the aim of sourcing within Africa imports formerly sourced from other parts of the world;

- Create marketing mechanisms and institutions to develop marketing strategies for African products;

- Publicise African exporting and importing companies and their products through trade fairs;

- Reduce the cost of transactions and operations;

- Promote and improve regional trade agreements, foster interregional trade liberalisation and harmonise rules of origin, tariffs and product standards;

- Reduce export taxes.

At the international level:
- Negotiate measures and agreements to facilitate access to the world market by African products;

- Encourage foreign direct investment;

- Assist in capacity-building in the private sector, as well as strengthening country and subregional capacity in trade negotiations, implementing the rules and regulations of the WTO, and identifying and exploiting new trading opportunities that emerge from the evolving multilateral trading system;

- The African heads of state must ensure active participation in the world trading system, which has been managed under the auspices of the WTO since 1995. If a new round of multilateral trade negotiations is started, it must recognise and provide for the African continent’s special concerns, needs and interests in future WTO rules.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Agriculture - Agricultural investment and production

154. Objectives
- To improve the productivity of agriculture, with particular attention to small-scale and women farmers;

- To ensure food security for all people and increase the access of the poor to adequate food and nutrition;

- To promote measures against natural resource degradation and encourage production methods that are environmentally sustainable;

- To integrate the rural poor into the market economy and provide them with better access to export markets;

- To develop Africa into a net exporter of agricultural products;

- To become a strategic player in the development of agricultural science and technology.

155. Actions
At the African level:

- Increase the security of water supply for agriculture by establishing small-scale irrigation facilities, improving local water management, and increasing the exchange of information and technical know-how with the international community;

- Improve land tenure security under traditional and modern forms of tenure, and promote the necessary land reform;

Foster regional, subregional, national and household food security through the development and management of increased production, transport, storage and marketing of food crops, livestock and fisheries. Particular attention must also be given to the needs of the poor, as well as the establishment of early warning systems to monitor droughts and crop production;

- Enhance agricultural credit and financing schemes, and improve access to credit by small-scale and women farmers;

- Reduce the heavy urban bias of public spending in Africa by transferring resources from urban to rural activities.

At the international level:

- Develop new partnership schemes to address donor fatigue for individual, high-profile agricultural projects;…

...- Promote access to international markets by improving the quality of African produce and agricultural products, particularly processed products, to meet the standards required by those markets;

- Support African networking with external partners in the areas of agricultural technology and know-how, extension services and rural infrastructure;

- Support investment in research in the areas of high-yield crops and durable preservation and storage methods;

- Provide support for building national and regional capacity for multilateral trade negotiations, including food sanitation and other agricultural trade regulations.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Environment - Environmental degradation and natural resource management

“156. Objectives
- To improve the quality of mineral resource information;

- To create a regulatory framework that is conducive to the development of the mining sector;

- To establish best practices that will ensure efficient extraction of natural resources and minerals of high quality.

“157. Actions
At the African level:

- Harmonise policies and regulations to ensure compliance with minimum levels of operational practices;

- Harmonise commitments to reduce the perceived investment risk in Africa;

- Harmonise information sources on business opportunities for investments;

- Enhance collaboration with a view to knowledge-sharing and value addition to natural resources;

- Enforce principles of value addition (beneficiation) for investments in the African mining sector;

- Establish an African School of Mining System for the development and production of education, skills and training at all levels. This could be achieved through collaboration among existing schools.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Other

“142. Objectives
- To promote cross-border cooperation and connectivity by utilising the knowledge currently available in existing centres of excellence on the continent;

- To develop and adapt information collection and analysis capacity to support productive as well as export activities;

- To generate a critical mass of technological expertise in targeted areas that offer high growth potential, especially in biotechnology and natural sciences;

- To assimilate and adapt existing technologies to diversify manufacturing production.

“143. Actions
- Establish regional cooperation on product standards development and dissemination, and on geographic information systems (GIS);

- Develop networks among existing centres of excellence, especially through theInternet, for cross-border staff exchanges and training programmes, and develop schemes to assist displaced African scientists and researchers;

- Work with UNESCO, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and other international organisations to harness biotechnology in order to develop Africa’s rich biodiversity and indigenous knowledge base by improving agricultural productivity and developing pharmaceutical products;

- Expand geoscience research to enhance the exploitation of the mineral wealth of the African continent;

Establish and develop skills-based product engineering and quality control to support diversification in manufacturing.”

Scope: 
Africa