The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), October 2001

Sectors : Employment and Training, Regional trade, Infrastructure General, Investment, Labour migration, Transport, International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade
Organisation : AU
Date made: 
2001
Level: 
Heads Of State
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Commitments in: Infrastructure - Infrastructure General

“102. Objectives
- To improve access to, and affordability and reliability of, infrastructure services for both firms and households;

- To enhance regional cooperation and trade through expanded cross-border development of infrastructure;

- To increase financial investments in infrastructure by lowering risks facing private investors, especially in the area of policy and regulatory frameworks;

- To build adequate knowledge and skills in technology and engineering with a view to installing, operating and maintaining hard infrastructure networks in Africa.

103. Actions
- With the assistance of sector-specialised agencies, put in place policy and legislative frameworks to encourage competition. At the same time, introduce new regulatory frameworks and build capacity for regulators, so as to promote policy and regulatory harmonisation in order to facilitate cross-border interaction and market enlargement;

- Increase investment in infrastructure, especially refurbishment, and improve system maintenance practices that will sustain infrastructure;

- Initiate the development of training institutions and networks that can develop and produce highly skilled technicians and engineers in all infrastructure sectors;

- Promote community and user involvement in infrastructure construction, maintenance and management, especially in poor urban and rural areas, in collaboration with the governance initiatives of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development;

- Work with the African Development Bank and other development finance institutions on the continent to mobilise sustainable financing, especially through multilateral processes, institutions and donor governments, with a view to securing grant and concessional finance to mitigate medium-term risks;

- Promote public-private partnerships (PPPs) as a promising vehicle for attracting private investors, and focus public funding on the pressing needs of the poor, by building capacity to implement and monitor such agreements;...”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Infrastructure - Transport

“111. Objectives
- To reduce delays in cross-border movement of people, goods and services;

- To reduce waiting time in ports;

- To promote economic activity and cross-border trade through improved land transport linkages;

- To increase air passenger and freight linkages across Africa’s subregions.

112. Actions
- Establish customs and immigration task teams to harmonise border crossing and visa procedures;

- Establish and nurture PPPs as well as grant concessions towards the construction,development and maintenance of ports, roads, railways and maritime transportation;

- Promote harmonisation of transport modal standards and regulations, and the increased use of multimodal transport facilities;

- Work with regional organisations to develop transport development corridors;

- Promote PPPs in the rationalisation of the airline industry and build capacity for air traffic control.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Trade - International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade

“Promoting African Exports

165. Objectives
- To improve procedures for customs and drawback/rebate schemes;

- To tackle trade barriers in international trade through the improvement of standards;

- To increase intra-regional trade through promoting cross-border interaction among African firms;

- To counter Africa’s negative image through conflict resolution and marketing;

- To deal with shortages of short-term skills through appropriate incentives and training at firm level.

166. Actions
At the African level:

- Promote intra-African trade with the aim of sourcing within Africa imports formerly sourced from other parts of the world;

- Create marketing mechanisms and institutions to develop marketing strategies for African products;

- Publicise African exporting and importing companies and their products through trade fairs;

- Reduce the cost of transactions and operations;

- Promote and improve regional trade agreements, foster interregional trade liberalisation and harmonise rules of origin, tariffs and product standards;

- Reduce export taxes.

At the international level:
- Negotiate measures and agreements to facilitate access to the world market by African products;

- Encourage foreign direct investment;

- Assist in capacity-building in the private sector, as well as strengthening country and subregional capacity in trade negotiations, implementing the rules and regulations of the WTO, and identifying and exploiting new trading opportunities that emerge from the evolving multilateral trading system;

- The African heads of state must ensure active participation in the world trading system, which has been managed under the auspices of the WTO since 1995. If a new round of multilateral trade negotiations is started, it must recognise and provide for the African continent’s special concerns, needs and interests in future WTO rules.”

Scope: 
Africa

“167. Participation in the world trading system must enhance:
- Open, predictable and geographically diversified market access for exports from Africa;

- The provision of a forum in which developing countries can collectively call for structural adjustment by developed countries in those industries in which the natural competitive advantage now lies with the developing world;

- Transparency and predictability as preconditions for increased investment, in return for boosting supply capacity and enhancing the gains from existing market access;

- Technical assistance and support to enhance the institutional capacity of African states to use the WTO and to engage in multilateral trade negotiations.”

Scope: 
Africa

“168. In addition to broad-based support for the WTO, African heads of state must identify strategic areas of intervention and, together with the international community, strengthen the contribution of trade to the continent’s recovery. The strategic areas include:
- Identifying key areas in export production in which supply-side impediments exist;

- Diversifying production and exports, especially in existing and potential areas of competitive advantage, and bearing in mind the need to move towards higher value-added production;

- Assessing the scope for further liberalisation in manufacturing, given the concentration of access in low value-added sectors and its restrictiveness in high value-added activities with the greatest economic and growth potential;

- Renewed political action by African countries to intensify and deepen the various integration initiatives on the continent. To this end, consideration needs to be given to:

- A discretionary preferential trade system for intra-African trade;

- The alignment of domestic and regional trade and industrial policy objectives, thereby increasing the potential for intra-regional trade critical to the sustainability of regional economic arrangements.”

Scope: 
Africa

“169. Heads of state must act to:
- Secure and stabilise preferential treatment by key developed country partners, e.g. the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP), the Cotonou Agreement, the Everything But Arms (EBA) initiative and the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA);

- Ensure that further multilateral liberalisation does not erode the preferential gains of these arrangements;

- Identify and address deficiencies in their design and application.”

Scope: 
Africa