“146. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development seeks the extension of debt relief beyond its current levels (based on debt .sustainability.), which still require debt service payments amounting to a significant portion of the resource gap. The long-term objective of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development is to link debt relief with costed poverty reduction outcomes. In the interim, debt service ceilings should be fixed as a proportion of fiscal revenue, with different ceilings for international development assistance (IDA) and non-IDA countries. To secure the full commitment of concessional resources, debt relief plus ODA, that Africa requires, the leadership of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development will negotiate these arrangements with creditor governments. Countries would engage with existing debt relief mechanisms, the HIPC and the Paris Club, before seeking recourse through the New Partnership for Africa’s Development. The Debt Initiative will require agreed poverty reduction strategies debt strategies and participation in the Economic Governance Initiative to ensure that countries are able to absorb the extra resources. In addition to seeking further debt relief through the interim debt strategy set out above, the leadership of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development will establish a forum in which African countries will share experience and mobilise for the improvement of debt relief strategies.
- The heads of state of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development will secure an agreement, negotiated with the international community, to provide further debt relief for countries participating in the New Partnership for Africa’s Development, based on the principles outlined above;
- The leadership of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development will establish a forum in which African countries may share experiences and mobilise for the improvement of debt relief strategies. They will exchange ideas that may end the process of reform and qualification in the HIPC process.”
“148. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development seeks increased ODA flows in the medium term, as well as reform of the ODA delivery system, to ensure that flows are more effectively utilised by recipient African countries. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development will establish a forum of African countries so as to develop a common African position on ODA reform, and to engage with the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the OECD and other donors in developing a charter underpinning the development partnership. This charter will identify the Economic Governance Initiative as a prerequisite for enhancing the capacity of African countries to utilise increased ODA flows, and will propose a complementary, independent assessment mechanism for monitoring donor performance. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development will support a PRSP Learning Group to engage in the PRSP process, together with the IMF and the World Bank.
- Constitute an ODA forum for developing a common African position on ODA reform, as a counterpart to the OECD/DAC structure;
- Engage, through the ODA forum, with donor agencies to establish a charter for the development partnership, which would embody the principles outlined above;
- Support efforts of the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) to establish a PRSP Learning Group;
- Establish an independent mechanism for assessing donor and recipient country performance.”
- To reverse the brain drain and turn it into a ‘brain gain’ for Africa;
- To build and retain within the continent critical human capacities for Africa’s development;
- To develop strategies for utilising the scientific and technological know-how and skills of Africans in the diaspora for the development of Africa.
- Create the necessary political, social and economic conditions in Africa that would serve as incentives to curb the brain drain and attract much-needed investment;
- Establish a reliable database on the brain drain, both to determine the magnitude of the problem, and to promote networking and collaboration between experts in the country of origin and those in the diaspora;
- Develop scientific and technical networks to channel the repatriation of scientific knowledge to the home country, and establish cooperation between those abroad and at home;
Ensure that the expertise of Africans living in the developed countries is utilised in the execution of some of the projects envisaged under the New Partnership for Africa’s Development.”
“49. ... African leaders will take joint responsibility for the following:
- Strengthening mechanisms for conflict prevention, management and resolution at the subregional and continental levels, and to ensure that these mechanisms are used to restore and maintain peace...
72. The Peace and Security Initiative consists of three elements:
- Promoting long-term conditions for development and security;
- Building the capacity of African institutions for early warning, as well as enhancing their capacity to prevent, manage and resolve conflicts;
- Institutionalising commitment to the core values of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development through the leadership.”
“49. ... African leaders will take joint responsibility for the following:
... - Promoting and protecting democracy and human rights in their respective countries and regions, by developing clear standards of accountability, transparency and participatory governance at the national and subnational levels;...
...71. African leaders have learned from their own experiences that peace, security, democracy, good governance, human rights and sound economic management are conditions for sustainable development. They are making a pledge to work, both individually and collectively, to promote these principles in their countries and subregions and on the continent...
...79. It is generally acknowledged that development is impossible in the absence of true democracy, respect for human rights, peace and good governance. With the New Partnership for Africa’s Development, Africa undertakes to respect the global standards of democracy, the core components of which include political pluralism, allowing for the existence of several political parties and workers, unions, and fair, open and democratic elections periodically organised to enable people to choose their leaders freely...
...81. The Initiative consists of the following elements:
- A series of commitments by participating countries to create or consolidate basic processes and practices;
- An undertaking by participating countries to take the lead in supporting initiatives that foster good governance;
- The institutionalisation of commitments through the leadership of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development to ensure that the core values of the initiative are abided by.
82. The states involved in the New Partnership for Africa’s Development will also undertake a series of commitments towards meeting basic standards of good governance and democratic behaviour while, at the same time, giving support to each other. Participating states will be supported in undertaking such desired institutional reforms where required. Within six months of its institutionalisation, the leadership of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development will identify recommendations on appropriate diagnostic and assessment tools, in support of compliance with the shared goals of good governance, as well as identify institutional weaknesses and seek resources and expertise for addressing these weaknesses.
83. In order to strengthen political governance and build capacity to meet these commitments, the leadership of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development will undertake a process of targeted capacity-building initiatives. These institutional reforms will focus on:
- Administrative and civil services;
- Strengthening parliamentary oversight;
- Promoting participatory decision-making;
- Adopting effective measures to combat corruption and embezzlement;
- Undertaking judicial reforms...
...85. The Heads of State Forum on the New Partnership for Africa’s Development will serve as a mechanism through which the leadership of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development will periodically monitor and assess the progress made by African countries in meeting their commitment towards achieving good governance and social reforms. The Forum will also provide a platform for countries to share experiences with a view to fostering good governance and democratic practices.”
- To increase the production and improve the competitiveness and diversification of the domestic private sector, especially in the agro-industrial, mining and manufacturing subsectors, with potential for exports and employment creation;
- To establish organisations on national standards in African countries;
- To harmonise the technical regulatory frameworks of African countries.
At the African level:
- Develop new industries or upgrade existing ones, where African countries have comparative advantages, including agro-based industries, energy and mineral resource-based industries;
- Acquire membership of the relevant international standards organizations...
...- Establish national measurement institutions to ensure harmonisation with the international metrology system. Such activities will always remain the responsibility of government;
- Ensure that testing laboratories and certification organisations are set up to support the relevant national technical regulations. Where they do not exist, such organisations should be established as soon as possible;
- Establish an accreditation infrastructure, such as the International Standards Organisation (ISO) system, which is acceptable internationally. Such an accreditation infrastructure can be nationally based where the industry is strong enough to maintain it, otherwise regional structures should be contemplated. Appropriate funding to ensure membership of international structures such as the International Accreditation Forum (IAF) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) should be made available;
- Pursue mutual recognition of test and certification results with Africa’s major trading partners. Generally, this will only be possible if the framework for standards, technical regulations, measurement, tractability and accreditation are in place and can be shown to meet international requirements.
At the international level:
- Facilitate partnership through the development of mechanisms, such as joint business councils, for information-sharing between non-African and African firms and for working towards the establishment of joint ventures and subcontracting arrangements;
- Assist in strengthening African training institutions for industrial development, particularly through the promotion of networking with international partners;
- Promote the transfer of new and appropriate technologies to African countries;
- Develop and accept a best-practice framework for technical regulations that meet both the requirements of the World Trade Organisation.s (WTO) Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) and the needs of Africa. The technical regulation frameworks of the developed countries may be too complex for many African countries;
- Establish standards bureaux, which would provide the industry and government with the necessary information on international, regional and national standards, thereby facilitating market access. These centres should be linked to the relevant international, regional and national standards information centres so that the latter can act as the national WTO/TBT enquiry points;
Ensure the development of appropriate regional and national standards through the establishment of appropriate technical committee structures representing the stakeholders of the countries, as well as managing such committees in line with ISO/IEC directives and WTO/TBT requirements.”
- To identify key .anchor. projects at the national and subregional levels, which will generate significant spin-offs and assist in promoting interregional economic integration;
- To develop a regional marketing strategy;
- To develop research capacity in tourism;
- To promote partnerships such as those formed via subregional bodies. Examples include the Regional Tourism Organisation of Southern Africa (RETOSA), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the SADC.
At the African level:
- Forge cooperative partnerships to capture the benefits of shared knowledge, as well as providing a base for other countries for entering into tourist-related activities;
- Provide the African people with the capacity to be actively involved in sustainable tourism projects at the community level;
- Prioritise consumer safety and security issues;
- Market African tourism products, especially in adventure tourism, ecotourism and cultural tourism;
- Increase regional coordination of tourism initiatives in Africa for the expansion and increased diversity of products;
- Maximise the benefits from the strong interregional demand for tourism activities, by developing specialised consumer-targeted marketing campaigns.”
“150. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development seeks to increase private capital flows to Africa, as an essential component of a sustainable long-term approach to filling the resource gap...
...151. The next priority is the implementation of a PPP capacity-building programme through the African Development Bank and other regional development institutions, to assist national and subnational governments in structuring and regulating transactions in the provision of infrastructural and social services.
- The third priority is to promote the deepening of financial markets within countries, as well as cross-border harmonisation and integration, via a Financial Market Integration Task Force. Initially, this will focus on the legislative and regulatory environment for the financial system.
- Establish a task team to carry out audits of investment-related legislation and regulation, with a view to risk reduction and harmonisation within Africa;
- Carry out a needs assessment of, and feasibility study on, financial instruments to mitigate risks associated with doing business in Africa;
- Establish an initiative to enhance the capacity of countries to implement PPPs;
- Establish a Financial Market Integration Task Force that will speed up financial market integration through establishing an international standard legislative and regulatory framework and creating a single African trading platform...”
“Promoting the Private Sector
- To ensure a sound and conducive environment for private sector activities, with particular emphasis on domestic entrepreneurs;
- To promote foreign direct investment and trade, with special emphasis on exports;
- To develop micro-, small and medium enterprises, including the informal sector.
At the African level:
- Undertake measures for enhancing the entrepreneurial, managerial and technical capacities of the private sector by supporting technology acquisition, production improvements, and training and skills development;
- Strengthen chambers of commerce, trade and professional associations and their regional networks;
- Organise dialogue between the government and the private sector to develop a shared vision of economic development strategy and remove constraints on private sector development;
- Strengthen and encourage the growth of micro-, small and medium-scale industries through appropriate technical support from service institutions and civil society, and improve access to capital by strengthening microfinancing schemes, with particular attention to women entrepreneurs.
At the international level:
- Promote entrepreneurial development programmes for training managers of African firms;
- Provide technical assistance for developing an appropriate regulatory environment, promoting small, medium and micro-enterprises and establishing microfinancing schemes for the African private sector.”
- To improve access to, and affordability and reliability of, infrastructure services for both firms and households;
- To enhance regional cooperation and trade through expanded cross-border development of infrastructure;
- To increase financial investments in infrastructure by lowering risks facing private investors, especially in the area of policy and regulatory frameworks;
- To build adequate knowledge and skills in technology and engineering with a view to installing, operating and maintaining hard infrastructure networks in Africa.
- With the assistance of sector-specialised agencies, put in place policy and legislative frameworks to encourage competition. At the same time, introduce new regulatory frameworks and build capacity for regulators, so as to promote policy and regulatory harmonisation in order to facilitate cross-border interaction and market enlargement;
- Increase investment in infrastructure, especially refurbishment, and improve system maintenance practices that will sustain infrastructure;
- Initiate the development of training institutions and networks that can develop and produce highly skilled technicians and engineers in all infrastructure sectors;
- Promote community and user involvement in infrastructure construction, maintenance and management, especially in poor urban and rural areas, in collaboration with the governance initiatives of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development;
- Work with the African Development Bank and other development finance institutions on the continent to mobilise sustainable financing, especially through multilateral processes, institutions and donor governments, with a view to securing grant and concessional finance to mitigate medium-term risks;
- Promote public-private partnerships (PPPs) as a promising vehicle for attracting private investors, and focus public funding on the pressing needs of the poor, by building capacity to implement and monitor such agreements;...”
- To double teledensity to two lines per 100 people by 2005, with an adequate level of access for households;
- To lower the cost and improve reliability of service;
- To achieve e-readiness for all countries in Africa;
- To develop and produce a pool of ICT-proficient youth and students from whichAfrica can draw trainee ICT engineers, programmers and software developers;
- To develop local-content software, based especially on Africa’s cultural legacy.
- Work with regional agencies such as the African Telecommunications Union andAfrica Connection to design model policy and legislation for telecommunications reform, and protocols and templates for e-readiness assessments;
- Work with the regional agencies to build regulatory capacity;
- Establish a network of training and research institutions to build high-level manpower;
- Promote and accelerate existing projects to connect schools and youth centres;
- Work with development finance institutions in Africa, multilateral initiatives (G-8 DotForce, UN Task Force) and bilateral donors to establish financial mechanisms for mitigating and reducing sector risks.”
- To reduce delays in cross-border movement of people, goods and services;
- To reduce waiting time in ports;
- To promote economic activity and cross-border trade through improved land transport linkages;
- To increase air passenger and freight linkages across Africa’s subregions.
- Establish customs and immigration task teams to harmonise border crossing and visa procedures;
- Establish and nurture PPPs as well as grant concessions towards the construction,development and maintenance of ports, roads, railways and maritime transportation;
- Promote harmonisation of transport modal standards and regulations, and the increased use of multimodal transport facilities;
- Work with regional organisations to develop transport development corridors;
- Promote PPPs in the rationalisation of the airline industry and build capacity for air traffic control.”
- To ensure sustainable access to safe and adequate clean water supply and sanitation, especially for the poor;
- To plan and manage water resources to become a basis for national and regional cooperation and development;
- To systematically address and sustain ecosystems, biodiversity and wildlife;
- To cooperate on shared rivers among member states;
- To effectively address the threat of climate change;
- To ensure enhanced irrigation and rainfed agriculture to improve agricultural production and food security.
- Accelerate work on multipurpose water resource projects, e.g. the SADC Water Secretariat’s investigation of the utilisation of the Congo River, and the Nile Basin Initiative;
-Establish a task team to make plans for mitigating the negative impact of climate change in Africa;
- Collaborate with the Global Environmental Sanitation Initiative (GESI) in promoting sanitary waste disposal methods and projects;
- Support the UN Habitat programme on water conservation in African cities.”
...Given the uneven distribution of these resources on the African continent, it is recommended that the search for abundant and cheap energy should focus on rationalising the territorial distribution of existing but unevenly allocated energy resources. Furthermore, Africa should strive to develop its abundant solar energy resources;
- To increase Africans. access to reliable and affordable commercial energy supply from 10 to 35 per cent or more within 20 years;
- To improve the reliability and lower the cost of energy supply to productive activities in order to enable economic growth of 6 per cent per annum;
- To reverse environmental degradation that is associated with the use of traditional fuels in rural areas;
- To exploit and develop the hydropower potential of the river basins of Africa;
- To integrate transmission grids and gas pipelines so as to facilitate cross-border energy flows;
- To reform and harmonise petroleum regulations and legislation on the continent
- Establish an African Forum for Utility Regulation and establish regional regulatory associations;
- Establish a task force to recommend priorities and implementation strategies for regional projects, including hydropower generation, transmission grids and gas pipelines;
- Establish a task team to accelerate the development of energy supply to low-income housing;
- Broaden the scope of the programme for biomass energy conservation from theSouthern African Development Community (SADC) to the rest of the continent.”
“Promoting African Exports
- To improve procedures for customs and drawback/rebate schemes;
- To tackle trade barriers in international trade through the improvement of standards;
- To increase intra-regional trade through promoting cross-border interaction among African firms;
- To counter Africa’s negative image through conflict resolution and marketing;
- To deal with shortages of short-term skills through appropriate incentives and training at firm level.
At the African level:
- Promote intra-African trade with the aim of sourcing within Africa imports formerly sourced from other parts of the world;
- Create marketing mechanisms and institutions to develop marketing strategies for African products;
- Publicise African exporting and importing companies and their products through trade fairs;
- Reduce the cost of transactions and operations;
- Promote and improve regional trade agreements, foster interregional trade liberalisation and harmonise rules of origin, tariffs and product standards;
- Reduce export taxes.
At the international level:
- Negotiate measures and agreements to facilitate access to the world market by African products;
- Encourage foreign direct investment;
- Assist in capacity-building in the private sector, as well as strengthening country and subregional capacity in trade negotiations, implementing the rules and regulations of the WTO, and identifying and exploiting new trading opportunities that emerge from the evolving multilateral trading system;
- The African heads of state must ensure active participation in the world trading system, which has been managed under the auspices of the WTO since 1995. If a new round of multilateral trade negotiations is started, it must recognise and provide for the African continent’s special concerns, needs and interests in future WTO rules.”
“167. Participation in the world trading system must enhance:
- Open, predictable and geographically diversified market access for exports from Africa;
- The provision of a forum in which developing countries can collectively call for structural adjustment by developed countries in those industries in which the natural competitive advantage now lies with the developing world;
- Transparency and predictability as preconditions for increased investment, in return for boosting supply capacity and enhancing the gains from existing market access;
- Technical assistance and support to enhance the institutional capacity of African states to use the WTO and to engage in multilateral trade negotiations.”
“168. In addition to broad-based support for the WTO, African heads of state must identify strategic areas of intervention and, together with the international community, strengthen the contribution of trade to the continent’s recovery. The strategic areas include:
- Identifying key areas in export production in which supply-side impediments exist;
- Diversifying production and exports, especially in existing and potential areas of competitive advantage, and bearing in mind the need to move towards higher value-added production;
- Assessing the scope for further liberalisation in manufacturing, given the concentration of access in low value-added sectors and its restrictiveness in high value-added activities with the greatest economic and growth potential;
- Renewed political action by African countries to intensify and deepen the various integration initiatives on the continent. To this end, consideration needs to be given to:
- A discretionary preferential trade system for intra-African trade;
- The alignment of domestic and regional trade and industrial policy objectives, thereby increasing the potential for intra-regional trade critical to the sustainability of regional economic arrangements.”
“169. Heads of state must act to:
- Secure and stabilise preferential treatment by key developed country partners, e.g. the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP), the Cotonou Agreement, the Everything But Arms (EBA) initiative and the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA);
- Ensure that further multilateral liberalisation does not erode the preferential gains of these arrangements;
- Identify and address deficiencies in their design and application.”
- To improve the productivity of agriculture, with particular attention to small-scale and women farmers;
- To ensure food security for all people and increase the access of the poor to adequate food and nutrition;
- To promote measures against natural resource degradation and encourage production methods that are environmentally sustainable;
- To integrate the rural poor into the market economy and provide them with better access to export markets;
- To develop Africa into a net exporter of agricultural products;
- To become a strategic player in the development of agricultural science and technology.
At the African level:
- Increase the security of water supply for agriculture by establishing small-scale irrigation facilities, improving local water management, and increasing the exchange of information and technical know-how with the international community;
- Improve land tenure security under traditional and modern forms of tenure, and promote the necessary land reform;
Foster regional, subregional, national and household food security through the development and management of increased production, transport, storage and marketing of food crops, livestock and fisheries. Particular attention must also be given to the needs of the poor, as well as the establishment of early warning systems to monitor droughts and crop production;
- Enhance agricultural credit and financing schemes, and improve access to credit by small-scale and women farmers;
- Reduce the heavy urban bias of public spending in Africa by transferring resources from urban to rural activities.
At the international level:
- Develop new partnership schemes to address donor fatigue for individual, high-profile agricultural projects;…
...- Promote access to international markets by improving the quality of African produce and agricultural products, particularly processed products, to meet the standards required by those markets;
- Support African networking with external partners in the areas of agricultural technology and know-how, extension services and rural infrastructure;
- Support investment in research in the areas of high-yield crops and durable preservation and storage methods;
- Provide support for building national and regional capacity for multilateral trade negotiations, including food sanitation and other agricultural trade regulations.”
“12. Africa has a very important role to play with regard to the critical issue of protecting the environment. African resources include rainforests, the virtually carbon dioxide-free atmosphere above the continent and the minimal presence of toxic effluents in the rivers and soils that interact with the Atlantic and Indian Oceans and the Mediterranean and Red Seas. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development will contain a strategy for nurturing these resources and using them for the development of the African continent while, at the same time preserving them for all humanity...
...138. The Environment Initiative has targeted eight subthemes for priority interventions:
Combating Desertification. Initial interventions are envisaged to rehabilitate degraded land and to address the factors that led to such degradation. Many of these steps will need to be labour intensive, along the lines of ‘public works programme’., thereby contributing to the social development needs of the continent. The initial interventions will serve as best practices or prototypes for future interventions in this area;
Wetland Conservation. This involves the implementation of African best practices on wetland conservation, where social and ecological benefits are derived from private sector investment in this area;
Invasive Alien Species. Partnerships are sought to prevent and control invasive alien species. These partnerships are critical for both the preservation of the ecosystems and for economic well-being. Major labour-intensive initiatives are possible;
Coastal Management. In protecting and utilising coastal resources to optimal effect, best practices are again suggested from which a broader programme can be drawn up;
Global Warming. The initial focus will be on monitoring and regulating the impact of climate change. Labour-intensive work is essential and critical to integrated fire management projects;
Cross-border Conservation Areas. This subtheme seeks to build on the emerging initiatives, seeking partnerships across countries to boost conservation and tourism and thus create jobs;
Environmental Governance. This relates to securing institutional, legal, planning, training and capacity-building requirements that underpin all of the above;
Financing. A carefully structured and fair system for financing is required.”
- To improve the quality of mineral resource information;
- To create a regulatory framework that is conducive to the development of the mining sector;
- To establish best practices that will ensure efficient extraction of natural resources and minerals of high quality.
At the African level:
- Harmonise policies and regulations to ensure compliance with minimum levels of operational practices;
- Harmonise commitments to reduce the perceived investment risk in Africa;
- Harmonise information sources on business opportunities for investments;
- Enhance collaboration with a view to knowledge-sharing and value addition to natural resources;
- Enforce principles of value addition (beneficiation) for investments in the African mining sector;
- Establish an African School of Mining System for the development and production of education, skills and training at all levels. This could be achieved through collaboration among existing schools.”
“49. ...African leaders will take joint responsibility for the following:
... Promoting the role of women in social and economic development by reinforcing their capacity in the domains of education and training; by developing revenue-generating activities through facilitating access to credit; and by assuring their participation in the political and economic life of African countries;...
...67. Long-term objectives...
... - To promote the role of women in all activities.”
... - To make progress towards gender equality and empowering women by eliminating gender disparities in the enrolment in primary and secondary education by 2005;...
... - To give special attention to the reduction of poverty among women;...
... - Establish a gender task team to ensure that the specific issues faced by poor women are addressed in the poverty reduction strategies of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development;”
- To strengthen programmes for containing communicable diseases, so that they do not fall short of the scale required in order to reduce the burden of disease;
- To have a secure health system that meets needs and supports disease control effectively;
- To ensure the necessary support capacity for the sustainable development of an effective health care delivery system;
- To empower the people of Africa to act to improve their own health and to achieve health literacy;
- To successfully reduce the burden of disease on the poorest people in Africa;
- To encourage cooperation between medical doctors and traditional practitioners.
- Strengthen Africa’s participation in processes aimed at procuring affordable drugs, including those involving the international pharmaceutical companies and the international civil society, and explore the use of alternative delivery systems for essential drugs and supplies;
- Mobilise the resources required to build effective disease interventions and secure health systems;
- Lead the campaign for increased international financial support for the struggle against HIV/AIDS and other communicable diseases;
- Join forces with other international agencies such as the World Health Organisation (WHO) and donors to ensure that support for the continent is increased by at least US $10 billion per annum;
- Encourage African countries to give higher priority to health in their own budgets and to phase in such increases in expenditure to a level to be mutually determined;
- Jointly mobilise resources for capacity-building in order to enable all African countries to improve their health infrastructures and management.”
-To work with donors and multilateral institutions to ensure that the IDG of achieving universal primary education by 2015 is realised;
- To work for improvements in curriculum development, quality improvements and access to ICT;
- To expand access to secondary education and improve its relevance to Africa’s development;
- To promote networks of specialised research and higher education institutions.
- Review current initiatives jointly with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) and other major international donors;
- Review levels of expenditure on education by African countries, and lead the process of developing norms and standards for government expenditure on education;
- Set up a task force to accelerate the introduction of ICT in primary schools;
- Set up a task force to review and put forward proposals for the research capacity needed in each region of the continent...
...120. The plan supports the immediate strengthening of the university system across Africa, including the creation of specialised universities where needed, building on available African teaching staff. The need to establish and strengthen institutes of technology is especially emphasised.”
- To promote cross-border cooperation and connectivity by utilising the knowledge currently available in existing centres of excellence on the continent;
- To develop and adapt information collection and analysis capacity to support productive as well as export activities;
- To generate a critical mass of technological expertise in targeted areas that offer high growth potential, especially in biotechnology and natural sciences;
- To assimilate and adapt existing technologies to diversify manufacturing production.
- Establish regional cooperation on product standards development and dissemination, and on geographic information systems (GIS);
- Develop networks among existing centres of excellence, especially through theInternet, for cross-border staff exchanges and training programmes, and develop schemes to assist displaced African scientists and researchers;
- Work with UNESCO, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and other international organisations to harness biotechnology in order to develop Africa’s rich biodiversity and indigenous knowledge base by improving agricultural productivity and developing pharmaceutical products;
- Expand geoscience research to enhance the exploitation of the mineral wealth of the African continent;
Establish and develop skills-based product engineering and quality control to support diversification in manufacturing.”