NEPAD Declaration on Democracy, Political, Economic and Corporate Governance

Sectors : Economic governance and public finance management, Human Rights, Political governance, Women's rights
Organisation : AU
Date made: 
Heads Of State
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Commitments in: Governance - Economic governance and public finance management

“16. Good economic and corporate governance including transparency in financial management are essential pre-requisites for promoting economic growth and reducing poverty. Mindful of this, we have approved eight prioritized codes and standards for achieving good economic and corporate governance.

17. These prioritized codes and standards represent those “fundamental” internationally, regionally, and domestically accepted codes and standards that all African countries should strive to observe within their capacity capabilities. In other words, they are the codes and standards that need to be complied with as a minimum requirement, given a country’s capacity to do so.

18 ...They are the following:
a. Code of Good Practices on Transparency in Monetary and Financial Policies;

b. Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency;

c. Best Practices for Budget Transparency;

d. Guidelines for Public Debt Management;

e. Principles of Corporate Governance;

f. International Accounting Standards;

g. International Standards on Auditing; and the

h. Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision.

19. We have also approved other key codes and standards in transparency and financial Management. These include

a. Principles for Payment Systems;

b. Recommendations on Anti-money laundering and;

c. Core principles for securities and insurance supervision and regulation”


Commitments in: Governance - Human Rights

“10. ...We undertake to do more to advance the cause of human rights in Africa generally and, specifically, to end the moral shame exemplified by the plight of women, children, the disabled and ethnic minorities in conflict situations in Africa.”


“15. To promote and protect human rights
We have agreed to:

• facilitate the development of vibrant civil society organizations, including strengthening human rights institutions at the national, sub-regional and regional levels;

• support the Charter, African Commission and Court on Human and People’s Rights as important instruments for ensuring the promotion, protection and observance of Human Rights;

• strengthen co-operation with the UN High Commission for Human Rights; and

• ensure responsible free expression, inclusive of the freedom of the press.”


Commitments in: Governance - Political governance

“Democracy and Good Political Governance

7. At the beginning of the new century and millennium, we reaffirm our commitment to the promotion of democracy and its core values in our respective countries. In particular, we undertake to work with renewed determination to enforce
• the rule of law;

• the equality of all citizens before the law and the liberty of the individual;

• individual and collective freedoms, including the right to form and join political parties and trade unions, in conformity with the constitution;

• equality of opportunity for all;

• the inalienable right of the individual to participate by means of free, credible and democratic political processes in periodically electing their leaders for a fixed term of office; and

• adherence to the separation of powers, including the protection of the independence of the judiciary and of effective parliaments.”


“13. In support of democracy and the democratic process

We will:
• ensure that our respective national constitutions reflect the democratic ethos and provide for demonstrably accountable governance;

• promote political representation, thus providing for all citizens to participate in the political process in a free and fair political environment;

• enforce strict adherence to the position of the African Union (AU) on unconstitutional changes of government and other decisions of our continental organization aimed at promoting democracy, good governance, peace and security;

• strengthen and, where necessary, establish an appropriate electoral administration and oversight bodies, in our respective countries and provide the necessary resources and capacity to conduct elections which are free, fair and credible;

• reassess and where necessary strengthen the AU and sub-regional election monitoring mechanisms and procedures; and

• heighten public awareness of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, especially in our educational institutions.

14. In support of Good Governance

We have agreed to:
• adopt clear codes, standards and indicators of good governance at the national, sub-regional and continental levels;

• accountable, efficient and effective civil service;

• ensure the effective functioning of parliaments and other accountability institutions in our respective countries, including parliamentary committees and anti-corruption bodies; and

• ensure the independence of the judicial system that will be able to prevent abuse of power and corruption.”


Commitments in: Gender - Women's rights

“11. In Africa’s efforts at democracy, good governance and economic reconstruction, women have a central role to play. We accept it as a binding obligation to ensure that women have every opportunity to contribute on terms of full equality to political and socio-economic development in all our countries...

...22. The marginalisation of women remains real despite the progress of recent years. We will, therefore, work with renewed vigour to ensure gender equality and ensure their full and effective integration of women in political and socioeconomic development.”