G8 Heiligendaam Summit Declaration on Growth and Responsibility in Africa

Sectors : Aid volume, Debt relief, Forced displacement, Financial Institutions, markets, services and microfinance, Regional cooperation and integration, Regional trade, Small and Light Weapons, Peace-building and peacekeeping, Economic governance and public finance management, Political governance, Investment, Domestic resource mobilisation, Agricultural investment and production, Infrastructure General, Transport, Energy, International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade, Food security, Disaster risk reduction and reconstruction, Sustainable development, Climate change - general, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, General health and health funding, HIV/AIDS, Malaria, TB, Maternal health, reproductive health and infant mortality, Health systems, medicines and regulation, Labour migration, Polio, Gender and social development, Health and technology, Primary and basic education
Organisation : G8
Date made: 
2007

Commitments in: Financing for Development - Debt relief

“2… we stress our firm resolve to implement the commitments on development made, in particular, in Gleneagles. These include the historic multilateral debt relief of up to US$ 60 billion, the implementation of which is now well underway. They also include increasing, compared to 2004, with other donors, ODA to Africa by US$ 25 billion a year by 2010…”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Migration - Forced displacement

“32. We welcome the initiative “Partnership for Making Finance Work for Africa” and the work underway with the World Bank and the African Development Bank to establish it...This partnership should help us work together more effectively with a variety of new and existing initiatives such as:

... • continuing to enhance the effectiveness of remittances of Diaspora Africans to their home countries via the formal sector by pushing ahead the implementation of measures resolved at the G8 Summit on Sea Island in 2004. This includes simplifying and reducing transaction costs and improving access to financial services. On a high-level meeting in fall 2007, the G8 presidency will monitor the progress towards this goal and if necessary identify the need for additional action until the next Summit;”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Development partnerships - Regional cooperation and integration

“13. The G8 are committed to working closely together in support of regional integration and trade in Africa. In this context, we will intensify our efforts to better support regional integration in a consistent manner and build synergies in our activities.

14. We will support a Capacity Development Initiative for RECs in line with the principles of the Paris Declaration…We will coordinate our support to REC capacity development…”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Peace and security - Small and Light Weapons

“ 44. The AU and the African sub-regional organizations have identified the uncontrolled proliferation and excessive accumulation of small arms and light weapons as a matter of continental concern and have taken a number of initiatives. We welcome those efforts and will provide our support to such programs. We commit ourselves:

• to assist in building the capacities of the AU and sub regional organizations to combat the unauthorized proliferation and the misuse of illicit small arms and light weapons as well as to identify, collect and destroy illicit, excess, and/or obsolete small arms and light weapons. We will accompany these activities by sup-porting the development and the implementation of integrated policies.

• to cooperate with the AU, sub-regional organizations, and individual states through technical and staff support when appropriate, in drafting an African Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, which would include measures for secure and safe management of state stockpiles of Small Arms and Light Weapons and ammunition. In this regard, we strongly support the ratification and implementation of existing international, regional and sub-regional instruments.

• to support all efforts in coordination with the air transport industry to recommend measures that will help to fight and to prevent violations through air channels of UNSC arms embargoes.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Peace and security - Peace-building and peacekeeping

“39 …Whilst reaffirming our resolution in helping to complete the building of the ASF, we will devote greater attention and efforts to conflict prevention and stabilization, reconstruction, reconciliation, and development in post-conflict countries.

40. The G8 continue their support for the African Peace and Security Architecture, consolidating projects to which both sides have made important contributions so far and moving ahead in new directions. We will endeavor - together with others - to identify, agree and support lasting solutions to matters such as sustainable financing and operational support, planning and management of peacekeeping missions, enhanced management of donors’ support, as well as exit strategies to Africa-led peace-keeping operations…We will continue and intensify at different levels our ongoing dialogue with the African Union. Together with other important donors, we will renew our efforts to improve the exchange of information concerning our respective plans and activities, and will strengthen the coordination and coherence of our endeavors.

41. Together with the UN and in accordance with our African partners, the G8 will assist the AU in a lessons-learned-data collection effort with assistance of the UN that aims at capturing the experiences of African-led peace-keeping operations for the process of building up the ASF...

…42. The G8 are committed to strengthen the civilian, including police capabilities of the ASF...At the same time we remain firmly committed to providing the necessary support to the ASF for its core military capabilities, which require increased investment by troop contributors and donors alike…In close coordination with the AU, we will help with initiatives such as:

• to build capacities at AU headquarters and regional levels to plan and supervise the use of the new civilian component, help identify the training needs for civilian experts, offer appropriate training and assist in building up a continental roster of experts…

• …to create additional capacity for the training of civilian experts;

• to assist the AU in setting up an African Volunteer Service, which will recruit experts for participation in post-conflict and reconstruction operations in accordance with the needs identified by the AU;

• to support a network of existing peacekeeping training facilities, in Africa and elsewhere, with a view to better coordinating their activities and maximizing their impact on the overall capabilities of peace support operations, in particular in Africa.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Governance - Economic governance and public finance management

“10. In order to address constraints, the G8 “Action Plan for Good Financial Governance in Africa” developed together with African partners and endorsed at the Pre-Summit of Finance Ministers will support the promotion of good financial governance, including capacity development, working closely with the International Financial Institutions’ (IFIs') ongoing initiatives. We will assist African countries that are taking credible action against corruption and increasing transparency and accountability. In the Action Plan we strongly support efforts to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of public finance...

…11. We will also continue to strengthen efforts such as the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) as appropriate to enhance good financial governance on the revenue side. In this context, we support African states in their efforts to increase the transparency and predictability of expenditure flows and encourage more African participation in EITI. Transparency principles could also be extended to other sectors, where appropriate.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Governance - Political governance

“6... The G8 will encourage more African states to join the APRM and support efforts to accelerate progress in the APRM and the implementation of necessary reforms.

7. The G8 will support the processing of lessons learned so as to help facilitate even swifter and more effective implementation of the reviews. In that regard, the G8 will enhance the dialogue with our African partners to facilitate a coordinated support effort that respects full African ownership.

8. The G8 reaffirm their commitments to actively support countries that implement sound policies consistent with the recommendations of the APRM. We will support these countries in implementing their national Plans of Action to make progress in achieving the MDGs by 2015. Consequently, we commit ourselves and encourage others to give priority attention to the results of the reviews in their own strategies for bilateral and regional cooperation.”

Scope: 
Africa

“17. Promoting good governance: In implementing development assistance we are committed to promoting universal values of: Respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms, peace, democracy, good governance, gender equality, the rule of law, solidarity and justice as well as sustainable management of natural resources. We will actively assist countries which make efforts to govern justly, invest in their people, favor open and democratic debate on priorities and policies, and create an environment of economic opportunity...”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Private Sector development and financial services for the poor - Financial Institutions, markets, services and microfinance

"32. We welcome the initiative “Partnership for Making Finance Work for Africa” and the work underway with the World Bank and the African Development Bank to establish it. It will provide a platform for African expertise, institutions, the private sector, and donor resources for solid financial sector capacities in governments and the private sector, and provide a forum for peer learning. This partnership should help us work together more effectively with a variety of new and existing initiatives such as:

• enhancing country capacities to formulate and implement sector wide approaches for addressing financial sector deficiencies in a coordinated and comprehensive manner, through country action plans;

• developing a regional Micro Small and Medium Enterprises Investment Fund (REGMIFA) as an instrument to mobilize resources to refinance medium- and long-term investment credits for smaller enterprises and to microfinance institutions. We will also strengthen microfinance institutions’ capacities, notably through training programs and technical assistance;

• developing long-term local currency financing and suitable insurance instruments for coverage of exchange rate risks as well as a range of insurance products for the coverage of basic social and economic risks;"

Scope: 
Africa

“32. We welcome the initiative “Partnership for Making Finance Work for Africa” and the work underway with the World Bank and the African Development Bank to establish it...This partnership should help us work together more effectively with a variety of new and existing initiatives such as:

...• providing assistance to enhance capital markets in Africa, targeting, among other things, local debt market development, accounting and regulatory capacity, as well as the enforcement of property rights;

• launching mortgage-market programs in pilot countries combining technical assistance with loans and guarantees for mortgage-financed housing projects;

• working with African central banks to provide risk-based supervision training and support international best practices in bank supervision.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Private Sector development and financial services for the poor - Investment

“27 …The G8 will support African countries in their efforts to remove the obstacles hampering more investment and to reduce the cost of doing business...

…28. The G8 will support national and regional efforts to improve the investment climate by means of regulatory and administrative reform (including the implementation of national APRM recommendations). We will individually and collectively continue to support initiatives which address the investment climate, such as the Investment Climate Facility (ICF), the Foreign Investment Advisory Service of the IFC or the NEPAD-OECD Africa Investment Initiative...

…30. The G8 will encourage enterprises, especially small and medium-sized, in our respective countries to step up investments that are sustainable, responsible and make a strong contribution to building local private sector capabilities to drive sustainable economic growth, transfer of technology and to make a lasting contribution to poverty reduction in Africa...We will also work through bilateral and international financial institutions (IFIs) to intensify efforts to mobilize capital for private investments in Africa...”

Scope: 
Africa

“32. We welcome the initiative “Partnership for Making Finance Work for Africa” and the work underway with the World Bank and the African Development Bank to establish it...This partnership should help us work together more effectively with a variety of new and existing initiatives such as:

...• encouraging African states to promote higher allocations toward domestic investment by sharing best practices about market-oriented financing schemes to open-up more options for a productive use of remittances, for example granting incentives for migrants channelling parts of their savings towards economic development in their country of origin;"

Scope: 
Africa

“33 …The G8 will encourage sustainable investment through African private sector networks, including support for the UN Global Compact and the UN Principles for Responsible In-vestment. The G8 will also strengthen their dialogue with emerging donors on international initiatives for responsible investment and financial transparency (such as EITI).”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Infrastructure - Infrastructure General

"15. The G8 reaffirm their support for the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa (ICA) to address infrastructure shortcomings so as to reduce the high cost of production and transport and assure their maintenance..."

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Infrastructure - Energy

“35. To improve energy security in Africa, we will give particular attention to energy efficiency and the use of domestic renewable energy sources, including hydropower, where appropriate, and to give priority support to the rehabilitation of existing hydro-power plants, and the development of small hydropower plants. We will further promote responsible sustainable bio-energy production, generated from renewable biomass re-sources, with a view to contributing to climate protection without jeopardizing food security and the environment.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Trade - International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade

“25 …The G8 will further concentrate on trade capacity building assistance and support the recommendations of the WTO’s Aid for Trade Task Force to improve quality and monitor delivery of the commitments on Aid for Trade. The G8 will assist countries’ efforts to integrate trade into their growth and poverty reduction strategies. As agreed in Hong Kong at the Sixth WTO Ministerial Conference, we are fully committed to provide duty-free and quota-free market access for products originating from Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to achieve substantial improvements in market access. We will examine the merits of existing preference schemes in order to achieve further improvements and we urge other developed and emerging economies to do the same.

“26. The G8 will also provide assistance to help Africa increase its capacity to trade

• We will promote simplified, more transparent, easier to use and development friendly Rules of Origin, in particular for Least Developed Countries.

• We expect spending on Aid for Trade to increase to US$ 4 billion, including through enhancing the Integrated Framework…”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Agriculture - Agricultural investment and production

“36. To improve food security and sustainable use of natural resources, the G8 will support AU/NEPADs Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) and promote policy reforms and investments in sustainable agriculture leading to higher productivity, better market access and reduced vulnerabilities in order to support the population in rural areas.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Disaster risk reduction and humanitarian assistance - Disaster risk reduction and reconstruction

“18. Improving our response to fragile states: We will improve our response to post-conflict and fragile states, where a third of the world's poor live and will bring more timely and substantial assistance to these countries, with a view to preventing the emergence of failed states. We support the role played by the AU and the RECs. We will strengthen our efforts in conflict prevention and will support governance as well as the building of viable state institutions in order to help them fulfil a range of basic functions and meet the needs of their citizens...”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Environment - Sustainable development

“33... The G8 will encourage sustainable investment through African private sector networks, including support for the UN Global Compact and the UN Principles for Responsible Investment. The G8 will also strengthen their dialogue with emerging donors on international initiatives for responsible investment and financial transparency (such as EITI).”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Climate Change - Climate change - general

“34. The G8 welcome the progress made on the elaboration of the Clean Energy Development and Investment Framework (CEDIF) and will work with the World Bank, the African Development Bank and other donors with a view to implementing the Energy Access Action Plan for Africa. We reaffirm our commitment made in Gleneagles to helping Africa strengthen its adaptive capacity on climate change and work with African countries in the context of their national development strategies.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Environment - Environmental degradation and natural resource management

“45… The G8 commit themselves to working closely with African governments, the United Nations, the private sector, civil society, and other players to halt illegal resource exploitation and reconfirm their Kananaskis commitment to promote regional management of transboundary natural resources.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Health - General health and health funding

“...49. G8 members pledge to work with other donors to replenish the GFATM and to provide long-term predictable funding based on ambitious, but realistic demand-driven targets...G8 partners will work with other stakeholders so that Global Fund resources continue to be used in alignment with existing national priorities and processes.”

Scope: 
Africa

“59. In view of the G8 countries contributions to achieving the health related international goals we agreed in St. Petersburg to review the progress in this regard, including our financial commitments, in fighting the three diseases HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, regularly. We will undertake this monitoring exercise for the first time this year under the Presidency’s guidance. The report will inform our activities and commitments and we affirm that we will continue this close monitoring process regularly.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Health - Maternal health, reproductive health and infant mortality

“50. …In the overall context of scaling up towards the goal of universal access and strengthening of health systems we will contribute substantially with other donors to work towards the goal of providing universal coverage of PMTCT programs by 2010…The G8 together with other donors will work towards meeting the needed resources for paediatric treatments in the context of universal access, at a cost of US$ 1,8 billion till 2010, estimated by UNICEF. We will also scale up efforts to reduce the gaps, in the area of maternal and child health care and voluntary family planning, an estimated US$ 1,5 billion.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Health - Health systems, medicines and regulation

“56. We will support responding to those African countries that indicate that they require technical assistance and capacity building programmes for advancing their access to affordable, safe, effective and high quality generic and innovative medicines in a manner consistent with the WTO. The G8 reiterate their support for the work of WHO including its prequalification program and for regulatory authorities to help assure the safety, efficacy, and quality of pharmaceutical drugs, including those produced locally, in particular for second-line antiretroviral treatment and for the newly developed more effective treatment for malaria."

Scope: 
Africa

“63. …We will work with African states to address the different causes of this lack of human resource capacity within the health sector, including working conditions and salaries with the aim of recruiting, training and retaining additional health workers. We will also work with national governments as they endeavor to create an environment where its most capable citizens, including medical doctors and other healthcare workers, see a long-term future in their own countries. Furthermore, we will work with the Global Health Workforce Alliance, interested private parties, the OECD and the WHO to build the evidence base on health workforce management and international migration.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Health - Polio

“54. …The G8 will make utmost efforts in cooperation with international organizations and partners to eradicate polio and will also work with others to close urgent funding shortfalls.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Health - Malaria

“55. …the G8 are committed to expand significantly their efforts to contributing to meet the Millennium Development Goal of having halted and begun to reverse the scourge of malaria. To this effect, we will work with African governments and donors to strengthen the effectiveness of their malaria control programs in Africa along the three main intervention lines of artemisinin combination therapy, effective case management, effective, tailored vector control strategies and bednets…G8 members, in support of national malaria control programs, using existing and additional funds, will individually and collectively over the next few years work to enable the 30 highest malaria prevalence countries in Africa (contributing to at least 80 percent of the global malaria deaths) reach at least 85 percent coverage of the most vulnerable groups with effective prevention and treatment measures and achieve a 50 percent reduction in malaria related deaths. To accelerate implementation of the financial commitments we have undertaken at Gleneagles we will work to reach this goal by mobilizing the private sector and its expertise and resources, enhancing public awareness, encouraging public-private partnerships, and urging non-G8 countries to do the same…”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Health - HIV/AIDS

“48. The G8 countries will scale up their efforts to contributing towards the goal of universal access to comprehensive HIV/AIDS prevention programs, treatment and care and support by 2010 for all, and to developing and strengthening health systems so that health care, especially primary health care, can be provided on a sustainable and equitable basis in order to reduce illness and mortality, with particular attention paid to the needs of those most vulnerable to infection, including adolescent girls, women and children…We will continue our efforts towards these goals to provide at least a projected US$ 60 billion over the coming years, and invite other donors to contribute as well...”

Scope: 
Africa

“50. Recognizing the growing feminization of the AIDS epidemic, the G8 in cooperation with partner governments support a gender-sensitive response by the GFATM, with the goal of ensuring that greater attention and appropriate resources are allocated by the Fund to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, and care that addresses the needs of women and girls…”

Scope: 
Africa

“51. …The G8 will take concrete steps to support education programs especially for girls, to promote knowledge about sexuality and reproductive health and the prevention of sexually transmitted infections. The G8 will support the nationwide inclusion of appropriate HIV/AIDS-related information and life-skills information in school curricula, in the context of nationally owned sector plans as well as prevention information with regard to malaria and other relevant health topics.

52. The G8 will emphasize the importance of programs to promote and protect human rights of women and girls as well as the prevention of sexual violence and coercion especially in the context of preventing HIV/AIDS infections. We welcome the commitment expressed by African partners aiming at promoting the rights and role of women and girls. We will also work to support additional concerted efforts to stop sexual exploitation and gender-based violence.”

Scope: 
Africa

“53. The G8 will take concrete steps to work toward improving the link between HIV/AIDS activities and sexual and reproductive health and voluntary family planning programs, to improve access to health care, including preventing mother-to-child trans-mission, and to achieve the Millennium Development Goals by adopting a multisectoral approach and by fostering community involvement and participation.”

Scope: 
Africa

“54. We are committed to working toward further integration of efforts against TB and HIV/AIDS and the integration of DOTS-treatment and other comprehensive approaches necessary to control TB in our programs and activities in order to alleviate the burden of the co-pandemic…”

Scope: 
Africa

“57. The G8 reaffirm their commitment to scaling up towards “universal access” to comprehensive HIV prevention, treatment and care by 2010…We will therefore work with UNAIDS, WHO, WB and the GF to strengthen their efforts and work together with the African Union and African States, the innovative and generic pharmaceutical industry, private donors, civil society and other relevant stakeholders to help deliver next steps towards “universal access”…In particular we will work with:

African Governments

• to strengthen and finance health systems and make them more efficient with con-structive support of donors and the relevant international organizations such as WHO and World Bank,

• to contribute to the provision of affordable and quality medicines by eliminating or substantially reducing import tariffs and taxes with the aim to exempt price-reduced or subsidised medicines from these levies as soon as possible and examining logistics and governance issues that may hinder access,

• to strengthen procurement practices, ensuring accountability and transparency and to review the currently existing drug and device registration policies with the aim of facilitating timely access to safe, affordable and effective HIV/AIDS drugs and medical devices,

• to develop country-led policies that can ensure effective coordination of donor health programs and identify technical assistance needs, with the support of the WHO, World Bank, UNAIDS, GFATM and other agencies.

International Organizations and donors

• to support country-led efforts to improve coordination between all relevant stake-holders to develop costed, inclusive, sustainable, credible and evidence-based national AIDS plans which ensure effective links to health system strengthening,

• to intensify their efforts to assist countries in setting up a workable forecasting system for pharmaceutical demand,

• to respond constructively to requests by African developing countries without manufacturing capacities with regard to the use of the flexibilities referenced in the WTO Doha declaration on TRIPS and Public Health, while respecting WTO obligations,

• to continue to support investments in research and development of new medi-cines, microbicides and vaccines, including by promoting policies that encourage innovation.

The Pharmaceutical Industry

• to continue to explore further initiatives to provide enhanced access to HIV-medicines at affordable prices and to review price policies with regard to second-line antiretroviral drugs.

• to consider supporting local production of HIV/AIDS pharmaceuticals by voluntary licences and laboratory capacities that meet international standards and strengthen regulatory, certification and training institutes.

• to build on their expressed commitment to increase investment in research and development of new medicines, microbicides and vaccines also by extending public-private partnership.”

Scope: 
Africa

“58. As an important step to scaling up towards the goal of universal access to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, care and support in Africa, G8 members, in support of national HIV/AIDS programs globally, individually and collectively over the next few years will aim to employ existing and additional programs to support life-saving anti-retroviral treatment through bilateral and multilateral efforts for approximately five million people, to prevent twenty-four million new infections, and to care for twenty-four million people, including ten million orphans and vulnerable children.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Education - Primary and basic education

“37… We are committed to working with partner governments and the private sector to expand opportunities for disadvantaged girls and boys, including beyond the class rooms, to learn 21st century skills and increase their participation in society. We reaffirm that no country seriously committed to “Education for All” will be thwarted in their achievement of this goal by lack of resources.

38 The G8 reiterate their commitment to “Education for All” for sustainable development in Africa...The G8 will continue to work with partners and other donors to meet shortfalls in all FTI endorsed countries, estimated by the FTI Secretariat at around US$ 500 million for 2007…We will work together with other donors and recipient governments towards helping to fund long-term plans provided by countries to ensure every child gets to school, with attention to low income countries and fragile states furthest away from the 2015 target of universal primary completion. We will especially focus on high quality education and capacity development...”

Scope: 
Africa