G8 Kananaskis Africa Action Plan

Sectors : Conflict resources, Anti-personnel mines, Small and Light Weapons, Peace-building and peacekeeping, International partnerships and support for Pan-African institutions
Organisation : G8
Date made: 
2002
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Commitments in: Peace and security - Conflict resources

“I. Promoting Peace and Security...

...we commit to:
...1.5 Working with African governments, civil society and others to address the linkage between armed conflict and the exploitation of natural resources – including by:

• Supporting United Nations and other initiatives to monitor and address the illegal exploitation and international transfer of natural resources from Africa which fuel armed conflicts, including mineral resources, petroleum, timber and water;

• Supporting voluntary control efforts such as the Kimberley Process for diamonds, and encouraging the adoption of voluntary principles of corporate social responsibility by those involved in developing Africa’s national resources;

• Working to ensure better accountability and greater transparency with respect to those involved in the import or export of Africa’s natural resources from areas of conflict;

• Promoting regional management of trans-boundary natural resources, including by supporting the Congo Basin Initiative and trans-border river basin commissions.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Peace and security - Anti-personnel mines

“I. Promoting Peace and Security...

...we commit to:
...1.4 Supporting African efforts to eliminate and remove antipersonnel mines.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Peace and security - Small and Light Weapons

“I. Promoting Peace and Security...

...we commit to:

...1.3 Supporting efforts by African countries and the United Nations to better regulate the activities of arms brokers and traffickers and to eliminate the flow of illicit weapons to and within Africa – including by:

• Developing and adopting common guidelines to prevent the illegal supply of arms to Africa; and,

• Providing assistance in regional trans-border cooperation to this end.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Peace and security - Peace-building and peacekeeping

“11. To demonstrate our support for this new partnership, we make the following engagements in support of the NEPAD:

I. Promoting Peace and Security...

...we commit to:

1.1 Supporting African efforts to resolve the principal armed conflicts on the continent – including by:
• Providing additional support to efforts to bring peace to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Sudan, and to consolidate peace in Angola and Sierra Leone within the next year;

• Assisting with programmes of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration; at the appropriate time,

• Taking joint action to support post-conflict development in the Great Lakes Region and Sudan; and,

• Endorsing the proposals from the UN Secretary-General to set up, with the Secretary-General and other influential partners, contact groups and similar mechanisms to work with African countries to resolve specific African conflicts.

1.2 Providing technical and financial assistance so that, by 2010, African countries and regional and sub-regional organizations are able to engage more effectively to prevent and resolve violent conflict on the continent, and undertake peace support operations in accordance with the United Nations Charter – including by:
• Continuing to work with African partners to deliver a joint plan, by 2003, for the development of African capability to undertake peace support operations, including at the regional level;

• Training African peace support forces including through the development of regional centres of excellence for military and civilian aspects of conflict prevention and peace support, such as the Kofi Annan International Peace Training Centre; and,

• Better coordinating our respective peacekeeping training initiatives.”

Scope: 
Africa

“I. Promoting Peace and Security...

...we commit to:
...1.6 Providing more effective peace-building support to societies emerging from or seeking to prevent armed conflicts – including by:

• Supporting effective African-led reconciliation efforts, including both pre-conflict and postconflict initiatives; and,

• Encouraging more effective coordination and cooperation among donors and international institutions in support of peace-building and conflict prevention efforts – particularly with respect to the effective disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants, the collection and destruction of small arms, and the special needs of women and children, including child soldiers."

Scope: 
Africa

“I. Promoting Peace and Security...

...we commit to:...
...1.7 Working to enhance African capacities to protect and assist war-affected populations and facilitate the effective implementation in Africa of United Nations Security Council resolutions relating to civilians, women and children in armed conflict – including by supporting African countries hosting, assisting and protecting large refugee populations”

Scope: 
Africa