G8 Kananaskis Africa Action Plan

Sectors : Agricultural and biotechnology, Quality of aid, Debt relief, Aid volume, Conflict resources, Anti-personnel mines, Small and Light Weapons, Peace-building and peacekeeping, International partnerships and support for Pan-African institutions, Economic governance and public finance management, Political governance, Gender and social development, Financial Institutions, markets, services and microfinance, Investment, ICT, Water and Sanitation, Regional trade, International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade, Food security, Agricultural investment and production, Gender and economic opportunity, Health systems, medicines and regulation, Other Preventable Diseases, Polio, HIV/AIDS, Education capacity, Higher education, Primary and basic education
Organisation : G8
Date made: 
2002

Commitments in: Technology - Agricultural and biotechnology

“VII. Increasing Agricultural Productivity

...In support of the NEPAD’s growth and sustainable development initiatives on agriculture, we commit to...

...7.2 Working with African countries to reduce poverty through improved sustainable productivity and competitiveness – including by:
• Supporting the development and the responsible use of tried and tested new technology, including biotechnology, in a safe manner and adapted to the African context, to increase crop production while protecting the environment through decreased usage of fragile land, water and agricultural chemicals;

• Studying, sharing and facilitating the responsible use of biotechnology in addressing development needs;

• Helping to improve farmers’ access to key market information through the use of traditional and cutting edge communications technologies, while also building upon ongoing international collaboration that strengthens farmers’ entrepreneurial skills;

• Encouraging partnerships in agriculture and water research and extension to develop, adapt and adopt appropriate demand-driven technologies, including for low-income resource poor farmers, to increase agricultural productivity and improve ability to market agricultural, fish and food products;

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Financing for Development - Quality of aid

“III. Fostering Trade, Investment, Economic Growth and Sustainable Development...

...we commit to...

3.6 Improving the effectiveness of Official Development Assistance (ODA), and strengthening ODA commitments for enhanced-partnership countries – including by:
• Ensuring effective implementation of the OECD/DAC recommendations on untying aid to the Least Developed Countries;

• Implementing effectively the OECD agreement to ensure that export credit support to low income countries is not used for unproductive purposes;

• Supporting efforts within the DAC to reduce aid management burdens on recipient countries and lower the transactions costs of aid;

• Taking all necessary steps to implement the pledges we made at Monterrey, including ODA level increases and aid effectiveness; and,

• Reviewing annually, within the DAC and in coordination with all relevant institutions, our progress towards the achievement in Africa of the Development Goals contained in the United Nations Millennium Declaration.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Financing for Development - Debt relief

“...IV. Implementing Debt Relief...

...4.1 Our aim is to assist countries through the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative to reduce poverty by enabling them to exit the HIPC process with a sustainable level of debt. The HIPC Initiative will reduce, by US$19 billion (net present value terms), the debt of some 22 African countries that are following sound economic policies and good governance. Combined with traditional debt relief and additional bilateral debt forgiveness, this represents a reduction of some US$30 billion – about two-thirds of their total debt burden – that will allow an important shift of resources towards education, health and other social and productive uses.

4.2. ...We are committed to seeing that the projected shortfall in the HIPC Trust Fund is fully financed. Moreover, we remain ready, as necessary, to provide additional debt relief – so-called “topping up” – on a case-by-case basis, to countries that have suffered a fundamental change in their economic circumstances due to extraordinary external shocks…We will fund our share of the shortfall in the HIPC Initiative, recognizing that this shortfall could be up to US$1 billion...”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Financing for Development - Aid volume

“...9. In support of this strong international consensus, substantial new development assistance commitments were announced at Monterrey. By 2006, these new commitments will increase ODA by a total of US$12 billion per year…Assuming strong African policy commitments, and given recent assistance trends, we believe that in aggregate half or more of our new development assistance could be directed to African nations that govern justly, invest in their own people and promote economic freedom. In this way we will support the objectives of the NEPAD...

...10. We will pursue this Action Plan in our individual and collective capacities, and through the international institutions to which we belong…We will take the necessary steps to ensure the effective implementation of our Action Plan and will review progress at our next Summit based on a final report from our Personal Representatives for Africa.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Peace and security - Conflict resources

“I. Promoting Peace and Security...

...we commit to:
...1.5 Working with African governments, civil society and others to address the linkage between armed conflict and the exploitation of natural resources – including by:

• Supporting United Nations and other initiatives to monitor and address the illegal exploitation and international transfer of natural resources from Africa which fuel armed conflicts, including mineral resources, petroleum, timber and water;

• Supporting voluntary control efforts such as the Kimberley Process for diamonds, and encouraging the adoption of voluntary principles of corporate social responsibility by those involved in developing Africa’s national resources;

• Working to ensure better accountability and greater transparency with respect to those involved in the import or export of Africa’s natural resources from areas of conflict;

• Promoting regional management of trans-boundary natural resources, including by supporting the Congo Basin Initiative and trans-border river basin commissions.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Peace and security - Anti-personnel mines

“I. Promoting Peace and Security...

...we commit to:
...1.4 Supporting African efforts to eliminate and remove antipersonnel mines.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Peace and security - Small and Light Weapons

“I. Promoting Peace and Security...

...we commit to:

...1.3 Supporting efforts by African countries and the United Nations to better regulate the activities of arms brokers and traffickers and to eliminate the flow of illicit weapons to and within Africa – including by:

• Developing and adopting common guidelines to prevent the illegal supply of arms to Africa; and,

• Providing assistance in regional trans-border cooperation to this end.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Peace and security - Peace-building and peacekeeping

“11. To demonstrate our support for this new partnership, we make the following engagements in support of the NEPAD:

I. Promoting Peace and Security...

...we commit to:

1.1 Supporting African efforts to resolve the principal armed conflicts on the continent – including by:
• Providing additional support to efforts to bring peace to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Sudan, and to consolidate peace in Angola and Sierra Leone within the next year;

• Assisting with programmes of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration; at the appropriate time,

• Taking joint action to support post-conflict development in the Great Lakes Region and Sudan; and,

• Endorsing the proposals from the UN Secretary-General to set up, with the Secretary-General and other influential partners, contact groups and similar mechanisms to work with African countries to resolve specific African conflicts.

1.2 Providing technical and financial assistance so that, by 2010, African countries and regional and sub-regional organizations are able to engage more effectively to prevent and resolve violent conflict on the continent, and undertake peace support operations in accordance with the United Nations Charter – including by:
• Continuing to work with African partners to deliver a joint plan, by 2003, for the development of African capability to undertake peace support operations, including at the regional level;

• Training African peace support forces including through the development of regional centres of excellence for military and civilian aspects of conflict prevention and peace support, such as the Kofi Annan International Peace Training Centre; and,

• Better coordinating our respective peacekeeping training initiatives.”

Scope: 
Africa

“I. Promoting Peace and Security...

...we commit to:
...1.6 Providing more effective peace-building support to societies emerging from or seeking to prevent armed conflicts – including by:

• Supporting effective African-led reconciliation efforts, including both pre-conflict and postconflict initiatives; and,

• Encouraging more effective coordination and cooperation among donors and international institutions in support of peace-building and conflict prevention efforts – particularly with respect to the effective disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants, the collection and destruction of small arms, and the special needs of women and children, including child soldiers."

Scope: 
Africa

“I. Promoting Peace and Security...

...we commit to:...
...1.7 Working to enhance African capacities to protect and assist war-affected populations and facilitate the effective implementation in Africa of United Nations Security Council resolutions relating to civilians, women and children in armed conflict – including by supporting African countries hosting, assisting and protecting large refugee populations”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Governance - Economic governance and public finance management

“II. Strengthening Institutions and Governance

...we commit to...
...2.2 Strengthening capacity-building programmes related to economic and corporate governance in Africa focusing on the NEPAD priority areas of implementing sound macro-economic strategies, strengthening public financial management and accountability, protecting the integrity of monetary and financial systems, strengthening accounting and auditing systems, and developing an effective corporate governance framework – including by:

• Supporting international and African organizations such as the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) and the African Regional Technical Assistance Centres (AFRITACs) initiative of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in expanding regionally-oriented technical assistance and capacity-building programmes in Africa; and,

• Financing African-led research on economic governance issues (through the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), sub-regional and regional organizations, and other African institutions and organizations with relevant expertise).”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Governance - Political governance

“II. Strengthening Institutions and Governance

...we commit to...
...2.1 Supporting the NEPAD’s priority political governance objectives – including by:
• Expanding capacity-building programmes related to political governance in Africa focusing on the NEPAD priority areas of: improving administrative and civil services, strengthening parliamentary oversight, promoting participatory decision-making, and judicial reform;

• Supporting African efforts to ensure that electoral processes are credible and transparent, and that elections are conducted in a manner that is free and fair and in accordance with the NEPAD’s commitment to uphold and respect “global standards of democracy;

• Supporting African efforts to involve parliamentarians and civil society in all aspects of the NEPAD process; and,

• Supporting the reform of the security sector through assisting the development of an independent judiciary and democratically controlled police structures."

Scope: 
Africa

“II. Strengthening Institutions and Governance

...we commit to...
...2.4 Giving increased attention to and support for African efforts to promote and protect human rights – including by:
• Supporting human rights activities and national, regional and sub-regional human rights institutions in Africa;

• Supporting African efforts to implement human rights obligations undertaken by African governments; and,

• Supporting African efforts to promote reconciliation and to ensure accountability for violations of human rights and humanitarian law, including genocide, crimes against humanity and other war crimes.”

Scope: 
Africa

“II. Strengthening Institutions and Governance

...we commit to...
...2.5 Supporting African efforts to promote gender equality and the empowerment of women – including by:

• Supporting African efforts to achieve equal participation of African women in all aspects of the NEPAD process and in fulfilling the NEPAD objectives; and,

• Supporting the application of gender main-streaming in all policies and programmes.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Private Sector development and financial services for the poor - Financial Institutions, markets, services and microfinance

“III. Fostering Trade, Investment, Economic Growth and Sustainable Development...

...we commit to...
...3.1...
...• Supporting African initiatives aimed at fostering efficient and sustainable regional financial markets and domestic savings and financing structures, including micro-credit schemes – while giving particular attention to seeing that credit and business support services meet the needs of poor women and men;

• Enhancing international cooperation to promote greater private investment and growth in Africa, including through public-private partnerships; and,

• Supporting the efforts of African governments to obtain sovereign credit ratings and gain access to private capital markets, including on a regional basis.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Private Sector development and financial services for the poor - Investment

“III. Fostering Trade, Investment, Economic Growth and Sustainable Development...

...we commit to...
...3.1 Helping Africa attract investment, both from within Africa and from abroad, and implement policies conducive to economic growth – including by:

• Supporting African initiatives aimed at improving the investment climate, including sound economic policies and efforts to improve the security of goods and transactions, consolidate property rights, modernize customs, institute needed legal and judicial reforms, and help mitigate risks for investors;

• Facilitating the financing of private investment through increased use of development finance institutions and export credit and risk-guarantee agencies and by strengthening equivalent institutions in Africa;”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Infrastructure - ICT

“V. Expanding Knowledge: Improving and Promoting Education and Expanding Digital Opportunities

...we commit to...
5.4 Helping Africa create digital opportunities – including by:
• Encouraging the Digital Opportunity Task Force (DOT Force) International e-Development Resources Network to focus on Africa, and supporting other DOT Force initiatives that can help to create digital opportunities, each building wherever possible on African initiatives already underway;

• Working towards the goal of universal access to ICT by working with African countries to improve national, regional and international telecommunications and ICT regulations and policies in order to create ICT-friendly environments;

• Encouraging and supporting the development of public-private partnerships to fast- track the development of ICT infrastructure; and,

• Supporting entrepreneurship and human resource development of Africans within the ICT sector.

5.5 Helping Africa make more effective use of ICT in the context of promoting sustainable economic, social and political development – including by:
• Supporting African initiatives to make best use of ICT to address education and health issues; and,

• Supporting African countries in increasing access to, and making the best use of, ICT in support of governance, including by supporting the development and implementation of national e-strategies and e-governance initiatives aimed at increased efficiency, effectiveness, transparency and accountability of government.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Infrastructure - Water and Sanitation

“VIII. Improving Water Resource Management

...we commit to
8. Supporting African efforts to improve water resource development and management – including by:

• Supporting African efforts to promote the productive and environmentally sustainable development of water resources;

• Supporting efforts to improve sanitation and access to potable water;

• Mobilizing technical assistance to facilitate and accelerate the preparation of potable water and sanitation projects in both rural and urban areas, and to generate greater efficiency in these sectors; and,

• Supporting reforms in the water sector aimed at decentralization, cost-recovery and enhanced user participation.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Trade - Regional trade

“III. Fostering Trade, Investment, Economic Growth and Sustainable Development…

...we commit to...
...3.5 Supporting African efforts to advance regional economic integration and intra-African trade – including by:
• Helping African countries develop regional institutions in key sectors affecting regional integration, including infrastructure, water, food security and energy, and sustainable management and conservation of natural resources;

• Working towards enhanced market access, on a WTO-compatible basis, for trade with African free trade areas or customs unions;

• Supporting the efforts of African countries to eliminate tariff and non-tariff barriers within Africa in a WTO-consistent manner; and,

• Supporting efforts by African countries to work towards lowering trade barriers on imports from the rest of the world.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Trade - International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade

“III. Fostering Trade, Investment, Economic Growth and Sustainable Development...

...we commit to...

...3.3 Providing greater market access for African products – including by:
• Reaffirming our commitment to conclude negotiations no later than 1 January 2005 on further trade liberalization in the Doha round of multilateral trade negotiations taking full account of the particular circumstances, needs and requirements of developing countries, including in Africa;

• Without prejudging the outcome of the negotiations, applying our Doha commitment to comprehensive negotiations on agriculture aimed at substantial improvements in market access, reductions of all forms of export subsidies with a view to their being phased out, and substantial reductions in trade-distorting domestic support;

• Working toward the objective of duty-free and quota-free access for all products originating from the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), including African LDCs, and, to this end, each examining how to facilitate the fuller and more effective use of existing market access arrangements; and,

• Ensuring that national product standards do not unnecessarily restrict African exports and that African nations can play their full part in the relevant international standard setting systems.

3.4 Increasing the funding and improving the quality of support for trade-related technical assistance and capacity-building in Africa – including by:
• Supporting the establishment and expansion of trade-related technical assistance programmes in Africa;

• Supporting the establishment of sub-regional market and trade information offices to support trade-related technical assistance and capacity-building in Africa;

• Assisting regional organizations in their efforts to integrate trade policy into member country development plans;

• Working to increase African participation in identifying WTO-related technical assistance needs, and providing technical assistance to African countries to implement international agreements, such as the WTO agreement;

• Assisting African producers in meeting product and health standards in export markets; and,

• Providing technical assistance to help African countries engage in international negotiations, and in standard-setting systems.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Agriculture - Food security

“VII. Increasing Agricultural Productivity

...In support of the NEPAD’s growth and sustainable development initiatives on agriculture, we commit to...

...7.3 Working to improve food security in Africa – including by:
• Working with African countries to integrate food security in poverty reduction efforts and promote a policy and institutional environment that enables poor people to derive better livelihoods from agriculture and rural development;

• Working with appropriate international organizations in responding to the dire food shortages in Southern Africa this year;

• Working with African countries to expand efforts to improve the quality and diversity of diets with micro-nutrients and by improving fortification technologies;

• Supporting African efforts to establish food safety and quality control systems, including helping countries develop legislation, enforcement procedures and appropriate institutional frameworks; and,

• Supporting efforts to improve and better disseminate agricultural technology.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Agriculture - Agricultural investment and production

“VII. Increasing Agricultural Productivity

...In support of the NEPAD’s growth and sustainable development initiatives on agriculture, we commit to...

7.1 Making support for African agriculture a higher international priority in line with the NEPAD’s framework and priorities – including by:
• Supporting the reform and financing of international institutions and research organizations that address Africa’s agricultural development priority needs;

• Supporting efforts to strengthen agricultural research in Africa as well as research related to issues and aspects that are of particular importance to Africa; and,

• Working with African countries to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of ODA for agriculture, rural development and food security where there are coherent development strategies reflected in government budget priorities."

Scope: 
Africa

“VII. Increasing Agricultural Productivity

...In support of the NEPAD’s growth and sustainable development initiatives on agriculture, we commit to...

...7.2...
...• Working with African countries to promote property and resource rights;

• Supporting the main-streaming of gender issues into all agricultural and related policy together with targeted measures to ensure the rights of women for equal access to technology, technical support, land rights and credits;”

Scope: 
Africa

“VII. Increasing Agricultural Productivity

...In support of the NEPAD’s growth and sustainable development initiatives on agriculture, we commit to...

...7.2...
... • Working with African countries to support the development of agricultural infrastructure including production, transportation and markets; and,

• Working with African countries to develop sound agricultural policies that are integrated into Poverty Reduction Strategies.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Health - Health systems, medicines and regulation

“VI. Improving Health and Confronting HIV/AIDS...

...we commit to...
...6.2 Supporting African efforts to build sustainable health systems in order to deliver effective disease interventions – including by:

• Pressing ahead with current work with the international pharmaceutical industry, affected African countries and civil society to promote the availability of an adequate supply of lifesaving medicines in an affordable and medically effective manner;

• Supporting African countries in helping to promote more effective, and cost-effective, health interventions to the most vulnerable sectors of society – including reducing maternal and infant mortality and morbidity;

• Continuing support for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and working to ensure that the Fund continues to increase the effectiveness of its operations and learns from its experience;

• Supporting African efforts to increase Africa’s access to the Global Fund and helping to enhance Africa’s capacity to participate in and benefit from the Fund;

• Providing assistance to strengthen the capacity of the public sector to monitor the quality of health services offered by both public and private providers; and,

• Supporting and encouraging the twinning of hospitals and other health organizations between G8 and African countries…

...6.4 Supporting health research on diseases prevalent in Africa, with a view to narrowing the health research gap, including by expanding health research networks to focus on African health issues, and by making more extensive use of researchers based in Africa.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Health - Polio

“VI. Improving Health and Confronting HIV/AIDS...

...we commit to...

...6.3 Accelerating the elimination and mitigation in Africa of polio, river blindness and other diseases or health deficiencies – including by:

• Providing, on a fair and equitable basis, sufficient resources to eliminate polio by 2005; and,

• Supporting relevant public-private partnerships for the immunization of children and the elimination of micro-nutrient deficiencies in Africa.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Health - HIV/AIDS

“VI. Improving Health and Confronting HIV/AIDS…

...we commit to
6.1 Helping Africa combat the effects of HIV/AIDS – including by:
• Supporting programmes that help mothers and children infected or affected by HIV/AIDS, including children orphaned by AIDS;

• Supporting the strengthening of training facilities for the recruiting and training of health professionals;

• Supporting the development, adoption and implementation of gender-sensitive, multisectoral HIV/AIDS programs for prevention, care, and treatment;

• Supporting high level political engagement to increase awareness and reduce the stigma associated with HIV/AIDS;

• Supporting initiatives to improve technical capacity, including disease surveillance;

• Supporting efforts to develop strong partnerships with employers in increasing HIV/AIDS awareness and in providing support to victims and their families;

• Supporting efforts that integrate approaches that address both HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis; and,

• Helping to enhance the capacity of Africa to address the challenges that HIV/AIDS poses to peace and security in Africa.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Education - Education capacity

“V. Expanding Knowledge: Improving and Promoting Education and Expanding Digital Opportunities…

...we commit to...
5.1 Supporting African countries in their efforts to improve the quality of education at all levels – including by:...
...• Giving special emphasis and support to teacher training initiatives, in line with the NEPAD priorities, and the creation of accountability mechanisms and EFA assessment processes;

• Working with IFIs to increase their education-related spending, as a further supplement to bilateral and other efforts;

• Supporting the development of a client-driven “Education for All” Internet portal;

• Supporting programmes to encourage attendance and enhance academic performance, such as school feeding programmes; and,

• Supporting the development of community learning centres to develop the broader educational needs of local communities.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Education - Higher education

“V. Expanding Knowledge: Improving and Promoting Education and Expanding Digital Opportunities

...we commit to...
...5.3 Working with African partners to increase assistance to Africa’s research and higher education capacity in enhanced-partnership countries – including by:

• Supporting the development of research centres and the establishment of chairs of excellence in areas integral to the NEPAD in Africa; and,

• Favouring the exchange of visiting academics and encouraging research partnerships between G8/donor and African research institutions.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Education - Primary and basic education

“V. Expanding Knowledge: Improving and Promoting Education and Expanding Digital Opportunities...

...we commit to...

5.1 Supporting African countries in their efforts to improve the quality of education at all levels – including by:

• Significantly increasing the support provided by our bilateral aid agencies to basic education for countries with a strong policy and financial commitment to the sector, in order to achieve the goals of universal primary education and equal access to education for girls. In that regard we will work vigorously to operationalize the G8 Education Task Force report with a view to helping African countries which have shown through their actions a strong policy and financial commitment to education to achieve these goals; and to encourage other African countries to take the necessary steps so that they, too, can achieve universal primary education by 2015;

• Supporting the development and implementation by African countries of national educational plans that reflect the Dakar goals on Education for All, and encouraging support for those plans – particularly universal primary education – by the international community as an integral part of the national development strategies;"

Scope: 
Africa

“V. Expanding Knowledge: Improving and Promoting Education and Expanding Digital Opportunities

...we commit to...
...5.2 Supporting efforts to ensure equal access to education by women and girls – including by:

• Providing scholarships and other educational support for women and girls; and,

• Supporting African efforts to break down social, cultural and other barriers to equal access by women and girls to educational opportunities.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Other

“II. Strengthening Institutions and Governance

...we commit to...
...2.6 Intensifying support for the adoption and implementation of effective measures to combat corruption, bribery and embezzlement – including by:

• Working to secure the early establishment of a UN Convention on Corruption, and the early ratification of the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime;

• Strengthening and assisting the implementation and monitoring of the OECD Convention on Bribery and assisting anti-bribery and anti-corruption programmes through the international financial institutions (IFIs) and the multilateral development banks;

• Intensifying international cooperation to recover illicitly acquired financial assets;

• Supporting voluntary anti-corruption initiatives, such as the DAC Guidelines, the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, and the UN Global Compact;

• Supporting the role of parliamentarians in addressing corruption and promoting good governance; and,

• Assisting African countries in their efforts to combat money laundering, including supporting World Bank/IMF efforts to improve coordination in the delivery of technical assistance to combat money laundering and terrorist financing in African countries.”

Scope: 
Africa